Friedrich Wachenhusen

Adolf Friedrich Wilhelm Wachenhusen (27 May 1859 – 2 May 1925) was a German landscape artist, draftsman and etcher. The focus of his work was on the countryside of his home region, Mecklenburg.

Friedrich Wachenhusen
Friedrich Wachenhusen Auf dem Darss.jpg
Auf dem Darss
Born(1859-05-27)27 May 1859
Died2 May 1925(1925-05-02) (aged 65)
Occupationlandscape artist, draftsman and etcher

LifeEdit

At the urging of his father, a Schwerin ministerial secretary, Wachenhusen took after attending high school in Schwerin in 1880 to study architecture at the Polytechnikum Karlsruhe. He moved in 1881 to the Academy in Karlsruhe, to study painting. After the change in 1884 to the Grand Ducal Saxon School of Arts of Weimar, he continued to study under the landscape painter Theodor Hagen. In 1889 he moved to Berlin, attended the Academy of Fine Arts and painted a year with Eugen Bracht. Then he worked as head of a drawing and painting school in Berlin.[1] Since 1889 he was also a member of the Association of Berlin Artists. In 1892 to 1895 Wachenhusen had several stays in Ahrenshoop on the Baltic Sea. Here he runs together with Paul Müller-Kaempff the painting school of St Lukas during the summer months. Müller-Kaempff lived here since 1892. Study trips led Wachenhusen 1892 to northern Italy and in 1894 to Holland, where he was in Volendam and the artists' colony Katwijk.

On March 1, 1897 Wachenhusen married the Dresden opera singer Eva Baroness von Gillern. In the same year Wachenhusen built his house with own plans on "Schifferberg 10" in Ahrenshoop. Before him and besides to Müller-Kaempff already had settled here fellow artists Anna Gerresheim, Elisabeth von Eicken and de:Fritz Grebe. It was soon the Ahrenshoop artists' colony, to their founders also include Wachenhusen. He counted with the painters Theobald Schorn and Paul Müller-Kaempff to the founders of Ahrenshooper Kunstkaten (art cottage) which opened 1909. In the meantime Wachenhusen had from about 1903 a residence in Hamburg, where he also led a painting school.[2] After the death of his wife in 1910 he married in 1912 his second wife, the 20 years younger Lucie Schindowski, a former painting student.[3] In 1909 he was appointed professor by the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg.

Wachenhusen left Ahrenshoop with the end of World War I in 1918. His house and that next to it, the "Dünenhaus" (dune house), where he have had his own sommer painting school, were sold in 1920. He lived now mostly in his home in Schwerin-Görries. After his death in 1925 the urn funeral took place on the "Schifferfriedhof" (skipper-graveyard) of Ahrenshoop. In 1926 a Memorial exhibition take place in the Mecklenburg State Museum Schwerin.

The works of Wachenhusen are applied in the painting manner of Impressionism. They included next to the mainly landscapes also forest and animal motifs, which is certainly justified whis his passion for hunting. Wachenhusen was, in addition to the membership of the Association of Berlin Artists, member of the General German Arts Cooperative, the Association of German Illustrators, in the Association for Original Etching in Berlin, the Hamburger Kunstverein von 1817 (Art Association), the Hamburger Künstlerverein von 1832 (Artist Association) and the Association for Mecklenburg History and Archaeology. He was an honorary member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris.[4]

Works (Selection)Edit

Wachenhusen was regularly represented with his works between 1884 and 1914 at the well known exhibitions of the Royal Academy of Arts in Berlin,[5] and the "Great Art Exhibition Berlin".[6][7] He also shows his landscapes at the Mecklenburg Art Exhibition in 1911 and in the Munich Glass Palace (1891).[8] He had his first solo exhibition in 1902 at the Hamburger Kunstverein von 1817.

  • Mond über dem Bodden (Moon over the lagoon)
  • Hof im Mecklenburgischen (Farm in Mecklenburg)
  • Steilküste bei Ahrenshoop (Steep coast near Ahrenshoop)
  • Mecklenburgische Winterlandschaft (1887) (Winter landscape)
  • Am Schweriner See (1890) (On the Lake Schwerin)
  • Blick zur Ahrenshooper Mühle (1900) (View to the Mill)
  • Aus Ahrenshoop (1902)
  • Dorfstraße im Schnee (1910) (Village road in snow)
  • Rügener Küste (1911) (Coast of Rügen)[4]
  • Paar am Hafen von Volendam (around 1894) (Couple at the harbor of Volendam)
  • Mappenwerke: Verlag Kähler Hamburg, 1902: Malerisches aus Hamburg, Aus Lübeck und Umgebung, Von Cuxhaven nach Helgoland
    (3 Folders with Lithographs from Northern Germany)[9]

Further readingEdit

  • Friedrich von Boetticher (1898). Malerwerke des 19. Jahrhunderts, Beitrag zur Kunstgeschichte (in German). Vol. 2. Dresden. p. 956ff.
  • Ulrich Thieme, Felix Becker at all (1940). Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (in German). Vol. 34. E. A. Seemann, Leipzig. p. 4.
  • Friedrich Schulz (2001). Ahrenshoop. Künstlerlexikon (in German). Verlag Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude. p. 179ff. ISBN 3-88132-292-2.
  • Ruth Negendanck (2001). Künstlerkolonie Ahrenshoop (in German). Verlag Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude. p. 39ff. ISBN 3-88132-294-9.
  • Wolf Karge (2014). Friedrich Wachenhusen - Maler in Ahrenshoop und Schwerin (in German). edition fischerhuder Kunstbuch, Fischerhude. ISBN 978-3-88132-391-8.
  • Grewolls, Grete (2011). Wer war wer in Mecklenburg und Vorpommern. Das Personenlexikon (in German). Rostock: Hinstorff Verlag. pp. 10447f. ISBN 978-3-356-01301-6.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Berliner Adressbuch (address book), Part I, p. 1370 – Wachenhusen, Fritz, Landschaftsmaler, Berlin W, Wichmannstr. 8a IV. ZLB Berlin. 1891.
  2. ^ Hamburger Adressbuch (address book), Part II, p. 651 – Wachenhusen, Fritz, Landschaftsmaler; kl. Johannisstr. 9; Wohn.: Isestraße 143. SUB Hamburg. 1904.
  3. ^ Friedrich Schulz (2001). Ahrenshoop. Künstlerlexikon (in German). Verlag Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude. p. 181. ISBN 3-88132-292-2.
  4. ^ a b Grewolls, Grete (2011). Wer war wer in Mecklenburg und Vorpommern. Das Personenlexikon (in German). Rostock: Hinstorff Verlag. pp. 10447f. ISBN 978-3-356-01301-6.
  5. ^ Verzeichniss der Werke lebender Künstler auf der Ausstellung der Königlichen Akademie der Künste zu Berlin (in German). Akademie der Künste, Berlin.
  6. ^ Grosse Berliner Kunstausstellung, Kataloge (in German). GBK, today: Gemeinsamer Bibliotheksverbund (Joint Library Network). Archived from the original on 2014-10-22.
  7. ^ Grosse Berliner Kunstausstellung, Kataloge (in German). GBK, today: Heidelberg University.
  8. ^ Katalog der Kunstausstellung im Münchner Glaspalast 1891 (in German). Ausstellungskommitee, today: Bavarian State Library (Online).
  9. ^ Ruth Negendanck (2001). Künstlerkolonie Ahrenshoop (in German). Verlag Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude. p. 44. ISBN 3-88132-294-9.

External linksEdit