Friedland (Lower Sorbian: Bryland) is a town in the Oder-Spree district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated in the historic Lower Lusatia region, about 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Beeskow, and 39 km (24 mi) north of Cottbus.

Friedland
Friedland Castle
Friedland Castle
Coat of arms of Friedland
Coat of arms
Location of Friedland within Oder-Spree district
Friedland in LOS.PNG
Friedland is located in Germany
Friedland
Friedland
Friedland is located in Brandenburg
Friedland
Friedland
Coordinates: 52°06′N 14°16′E / 52.100°N 14.267°E / 52.100; 14.267Coordinates: 52°06′N 14°16′E / 52.100°N 14.267°E / 52.100; 14.267
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOder-Spree
Subdivisions16 districts
Government
 • MayorThomas Hähle (Ind.)
Area
 • Total173.21 km2 (66.88 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total2,957
 • Density17/km2 (44/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
15848, 15868
Dialling codes033676
Vehicle registrationLOS
Websitewww.friedland-nl.de

HistoryEdit

Historical affiliations
  March of Lusatia 1235-1367

  Kingdom of Bohemia 1367-1469
  Kingdom of Hungary 1469-1490
  Kingdom of Bohemia 1490-1635
  Electorate of Saxony 1635-1697
  Poland-Saxony 1697-1706
  Electorate of Saxony 1706-1709
  Poland-Saxony 1709-1763
  Electorate of Saxony 1763-1806
  Kingdom of Saxony 1806-1815
  Kingdom of Prussia 1815-1871
  German Empire 1871-1918
  Weimar Republic 1918-1933
  Nazi Germany 1933-1945
  Allied-occupied Germany 1945-1949
  East Germany 1949-1990

  Germany 1990-present

The town was first mentioned as Fredberg in a 1235 deed issued by the Lusatian margrave Henry III of Meissen. A 1301 contract signed by Margrave Frederick I named a town and castle of Vredeburch, then a possession of the Lords of Strehla, who served as ministeriales of the ruling House of Wettin. The present name first appeared in a 1350 bull issued by Pope Clement VI. With Lower Lusatia, Friedland passed under the suzerainty of the Bohemian Crown in 1367.

In 1518, the lordship was pawned to the Order of Saint John and turned Protestant in 1540. Under the rule of Lord Master Count Adam of Schwarzenberg, the fortifications were enlarged, nevertheless Friedland suffered severely under the impact of the Thirty Years' War. Upon the 1635 Peace of Prague, it passed with the Lusatias to the Electorate of Saxony. Under Master Prince John Maurice of Nassau-Siegen the lordship quickly recovered. Town privileges were confirmed in 1662, a Jewish community is documented since 1673.

After almost three-centuries rule of the Order of Saint John, Friedland was finally secularised to Saxony in 1811. Only four years later, the town passed to the Prussian province of Brandenburg upon the Final Act of the 1815 Vienna Congress.

DemographyEdit

Friedland is the least densely populated town ("Stadt") in Germany, just narrowly beating Baruth/Mark (also in Brandenburg) for that distinction.

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 4,509—    
1890 4,397−0.17%
1910 4,264−0.15%
1925 4,212−0.08%
1933 3,984−0.69%
1939 3,785−0.85%
1946 5,900+6.55%
1950 5,534−1.59%
1964 4,251−1.87%
1971 4,132−0.40%
1981 3,480−1.70%
1985 3,473−0.05%
1989 3,447−0.19%
1990 3,457+0.29%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 3,424−0.95%
1992 3,391−0.96%
1993 3,410+0.56%
1994 3,391−0.56%
1995 3,391+0.00%
1996 3,349−1.24%
1997 3,362+0.39%
1998 3,426+1.90%
1999 3,418−0.23%
2000 3,428+0.29%
2001 3,398−0.88%
2002 3,409+0.32%
2003 3,503+2.76%
2004 3,444−1.68%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 3,397−1.36%
2006 3,350−1.38%
2007 3,270−2.39%
2008 3,249−0.64%
2009 3,235−0.43%
2010 3,166−2.13%
2011 3,153−0.41%
2012 3,109−1.40%
2013 3,053−1.80%
2014 3,013−1.31%
2015 3,017+0.13%
2016 2,975−1.39%
2017 2,959−0.54%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons