Freyung, Bavaria

Freyung is a town in Bavaria, Germany, capital of the Freyung-Grafenau district. It is situated in the Bavarian Forest mountain range, near the border with Austria and the Czech Republic.

Freyung
Freyung
Freyung
Coat of arms of Freyung
Coat of arms
Location of Freyung within Freyung-Grafenau district
Freyung in FRG.svg
Freyung is located in Germany
Freyung
Freyung
Freyung is located in Bavaria
Freyung
Freyung
Coordinates: 48°48′N 13°33′E / 48.800°N 13.550°E / 48.800; 13.550Coordinates: 48°48′N 13°33′E / 48.800°N 13.550°E / 48.800; 13.550
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionNiederbayern
DistrictFreyung-Grafenau
Subdivisions3 Stadtteile
Government
 • MayorDr. Olaf Heinrich (CSU)
Area
 • Total48.64 km2 (18.78 sq mi)
Elevation
655 m (2,149 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total7,171
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
94078
Dialling codes08551, 08558
Vehicle registrationFRG
Websitewww.freyung.de

GeographyEdit

The town is situated on the southeastern rim of the Bavarian Forest National Park near the confluence of the Saußbach and Reschbach creeks. The town centre is located about 33 km (21 mi) north of Passau.

HistoryEdit

About 1200 the Passau bishop Wolfger von Erla had Wolfstein Castle erected to control the surrounding estates he had received from the hands of the Hohenstaufen emperor Henry VI. A settlement was laid out beneath the castle which in 1301 was mentioned as Purchstol zu Wolferstein. The later name Freiung denoted the fact that the first settlers were exempt from taxes (cf. Freihaus). The nearby village of Kreuzberg received market rights in 1354, which were transferred to Freyung in 1523.

When the Prince-Bishopric of Passau was secularised in 1803, Freyung passed to the newly established Electorate of Salzburg, but upon the 1805 Peace of Pressburg was incorporated into the Kingdom of Bavaria. It received city rights in 1953.

Twin townsEdit

Freyung is twinned with

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2020.