Freshwater phytoplankton

Freshwater phytoplankton is the phytoplankton occurring in freshwater ecosystems.[1] It can be distinguished between limnoplankton (lake phytoplankton), heleoplankton (phytoplankton in ponds), and potamoplankton (river phytoplankton).[2][3] They differ in size as the environment around them changes. They are affected negatively by the change in salinity in the water.[4]



The effects of warming is largely dependent on several collective factors. The pH in freshwater systems, and the eutrophication and oligotrophication of nutrients are important in studying the physiological effects on freshwater phytoplankton.


  1. ^ S., Reynolds, Colin (2006). Ecology of phytoplankton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0511191817. OCLC 76416312.
  2. ^ S., Reynolds, Colin (1984). The ecology of freshwater phytoplankton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521237826. OCLC 9442481.
  3. ^ Sandgren, Craig D. (1988). Growth and Reproductive Strategies of Freshwater Phytoplankton. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521327220.
  4. ^ Lionard, Marie; Muylaert, Koenraad; Gansbeke, Dirk Van; Vyverman, Wim (2005-05-01). "Influence of changes in salinity and light intensity on growth of phytoplankton communities from the Schelde river and estuary (Belgium/The Netherlands)". Hydrobiologia. 540 (1): 105–115. doi:10.1007/s10750-004-7123-x. ISSN 1573-5117.