Fremont County, Wyoming

Fremont County is a county in the U.S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 40,123.[1] Its county seat is Lander.[2] The county was founded in 1884 and is named for John C. Frémont, a general, explorer, and politician. It is roughly the size of the state of Vermont.

Fremont County
Fremont County
Fremont County Courthouse in Lander
Fremont County Courthouse in Lander
Map of Wyoming highlighting Fremont County
Location within the U.S. state of Wyoming
Map of the United States highlighting Wyoming
Wyoming's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°02′N 108°38′W / 43.03°N 108.63°W / 43.03; -108.63
Country United States
State Wyoming
FoundedMarch 5, 1884
Named forJohn C. Frémont
SeatLander
Largest cityRiverton
Area
 • Total9,266 sq mi (24,000 km2)
 • Land9,184 sq mi (23,790 km2)
 • Water82 sq mi (210 km2)  0.9%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total40,123
 • Estimate 
(2018)
39,531
 • Density4.3/sq mi (1.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.fremontcountywy.org
John C. Frémont

Fremont County comprises the Riverton, WY Micropolitan Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

Fremont County was created on March 5, 1884 by the legislature of the Wyoming Territory[3] The county was created with land ceded by Sweetwater County. In 1890, Big Horn County was carved out of Fremont, Johnson, and Sheridan Counties. Hot Springs County was created in 1911 from parts of Fremont, Big Horn, and Park counties. In 1921, Sublette County was created from parts of Fremont and Lincoln counties, leaving Fremont County's boundary at its present configuration.

Fremont County was named for John Charles Frémont, an explorer of the American West, United States Senator from California, and 1856 Republican presidential candidate.[4][5] Fremont County is the site of the Wind River Indian Reservation, home of the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho tribes of Native Americans.

Since 1998, Fremont County has been represented in the Wyoming State Senate by the economist/businessman Cale Case, a Republican.

GeographyEdit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,266 square miles (24,000 km2), of which 9,184 square miles (23,790 km2) is land and 82 square miles (210 km2) (0.9%) is water.[6] It is the second-largest county by area in Wyoming, as well as in the six Rocky Mountain States. Elevations and climate range from desert at Boysen State Park to glaciers at 13,804-foot (4,207 m) Gannett Peak, the highest point not only in Wyoming but in the three Central Rockies states of Wyoming, Idaho and Montana. The southern end of the county is traversed by the Oregon Trail and in the northwest corner lies Dubois, a gateway town for Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park. Although the county seat is Lander, the largest community is Riverton, home of Central Wyoming College and the economic hub of the region. A large portion of the western edge of the county follows the Continental Divide at the crest of the Wind River Range of the Rocky Mountains, known for its wilderness areas and home of the largest glaciers in the American Rocky Mountains.

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

The Bridger National Forest and the Teton National Forest have been administratively combined into the Bridger-Teton National Forest. Fremont County contains portions of both originally-designated forests.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18902,463
19005,357117.5%
191011,822120.7%
192011,8200.0%
193010,490−11.3%
194016,09553.4%
195019,58021.7%
196026,16833.6%
197028,3528.3%
198038,99237.5%
199033,662−13.7%
200035,8046.4%
201040,12312.1%
Est. 201839,531[7]−1.5%
US Decennial Census[8]
1870–2000[9] 2010–2016[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[10] there were 35,804 people, 13,545 households, and 9,481 families in Fremont County. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 15,541 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup was 76.49% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 19.68% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.16% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. 4.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.1% were of German, 9.9% English, 8.2% Irish and 6.3% American ancestry.

There were 13,545 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.10.

The county population contained 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,503, and the median income for a family was $37,983. Males had a median income of $30,620 versus $19,802 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,519. About 13.30% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.70% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 40,123 people, 15,455 households, and 10,360 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 4.4 inhabitants per square mile (1.7/km2). There were 17,796 housing units at an average density of 1.9 per square mile (0.73/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 74.3% white, 21.2% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 1.0% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.6% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 21.7% were German, 13.5% were English, 12.2% were Irish, and 7.7% were American.[13]

Of the 15,455 households, 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.0% were non-families, and 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 38.5 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,397 and the median income for a family was $55,531. Males had a median income of $44,087 versus $27,751 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,173. About 10.3% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.7% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Government and infrastructureEdit

The Wyoming Department of Corrections Wyoming Honor Farm is located in Riverton.[15] The Wyoming Department of Health Wyoming Life Resource Center (WLRC), originally the Wyoming State Training School (WSTS), a residential facility for physically and mentally disabled people, is located in Lander.[16][17] Both facilities were operated by the Wyoming Board of Charities and Reform until that agency was dissolved as a result of a state constitutional amendment passed in November 1990.[18]

Fremont County voters have been reliably Republican for decades. Since 1936, in only one national election did the county voters select the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 65.6% 11,167 24.7% 4,200 9.7% 1,656
2012 65.4% 11,075 31.5% 5,333 3.1% 531
2008 63.0% 11,083 34.2% 6,016 2.8% 493
2004 66.9% 11,429 31.2% 5,338 1.9% 329
2000 68.4% 10,560 27.0% 4,172 4.6% 712
1996 50.3% 7,554 36.2% 5,445 13.5% 2,025
1992 38.8% 5,387 34.3% 4,765 26.9% 3,744
1988 59.6% 7,681 39.0% 5,020 1.5% 188
1984 70.6% 9,885 28.4% 3,969 1.0% 145
1980 67.7% 9,077 24.7% 3,307 7.6% 1,019
1976 59.5% 6,584 40.0% 4,423 0.5% 56
1972 69.1% 7,359 30.5% 3,248 0.4% 40
1968 57.6% 5,417 32.9% 3,093 9.5% 888
1964 44.6% 4,809 55.5% 5,985
1960 57.5% 5,738 42.5% 4,248
1956 65.5% 4,887 34.5% 2,569
1952 72.9% 5,881 26.8% 2,161 0.3% 21
1948 52.5% 3,357 47.2% 3,019 0.4% 24
1944 59.5% 3,193 40.5% 2,177
1940 58.7% 3,788 41.0% 2,644 0.3% 21
1936 42.6% 2,357 55.1% 3,050 2.3% 126
1932 38.8% 1,696 59.7% 2,612 1.5% 66
1928 60.7% 2,267 38.8% 1,449 0.6% 22
1924 51.7% 1,986 14.6% 561 33.7% 1,292
1920 67.6% 2,194 30.6% 994 1.8% 57
1916 43.3% 1,407 53.9% 1,752 2.8% 92
1912 33.0% 811 40.5% 993 26.5% 651
1908 58.7% 1,838 38.0% 1,190 3.2% 101
1904 63.1% 1,009 35.2% 563 1.8% 28
1900 63.0% 919 37.0% 539
1896 50.3% 535 49.2% 523 0.6% 6
1892 54.5% 648 45.6% 542

CommunitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Long, John H. (2006). "Wyoming: Individual County Chronologies". Wyoming Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Archived from the original on October 4, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  4. ^ Urbanek, Mae (1988). Wyoming Place Names. Missoula MT: Mountain Press Pub. Co. ISBN 0-87842-204-8.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 132.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of Administration & Information, Division of Economic Analysis. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  13. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  15. ^ Contact Institutions. Wyoming Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  16. ^ WDH Who We Are – Wyoming Life Resource Center[permanent dead link]. Wyoming Department of Health. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  17. ^ Lander city, Wyoming[permanent dead link]. US Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  18. ^ About the Department of Corrections. Wyoming Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  20. ^ Dunoir WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  21. ^ Lost Cabin WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  22. ^ Midval WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  23. ^ Moneta WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  24. ^ Sand Draw WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)
  25. ^ Willow Creek WY Google Maps (accessed 10 January 2019)

Coordinates: 43°02′N 108°38′W / 43.03°N 108.63°W / 43.03; -108.63