Frederick Morgan Crunden (September 1, 1847 – October 28, 1911) was the head librarian of the St. Louis Public Library in St. Louis, Missouri, from 1877 to 1909 and the President of the American Library Association in 1889-1890.[1] Crunden was born in Gravesend, England to Benjamin and Mary (Morgan) Crunden.

Frederick M. Crunden
Frederick Morgan Crunden ALA.jpg
President of the American Library Association
In office
Preceded byCharles Ammi Cutter
Succeeded byMelvil Dewey
Personal details
Frederick Morgan Crunden

(1847-09-01)September 1, 1847
Gravesend, Kent, England
DiedOctober 28, 1911(1911-10-28) (aged 64)
United States
EducationWashington University, St. Louis

The family immigrated to the United States and settled in St. Louis, Missouri when Crunden was still a child. He attended Washington University, St. Louis, graduating in 1868 with a bachelor of arts. Crunden taught in St. Louis public schools and at Washington University where he received a master's degree in 1872. In January 1877 he became secretary and librarian of the St. Louis public library which was, at the time, part of the St. Louis Public Schools. In 1904 Crunden hosted the American Library Association annual meeting at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, which was attended by more than 500 librarians from 17 countries.[2]

Crunden focused on the relationship of schools and libraries, developing them in St. Louis so that they were modeled for others nationwide. He advocated and promoted a strong partnership between the National Education Association and the American Library Association. Crunden led an expansion of the St. Louis public schools library and oversaw its conversion into a free public library. He served as the first president of the Missouri state library association.[3]



  1. ^ "Full text of "Frederick Morgan Crunden;"". Retrieved 2012-08-03.
  2. ^ Eberhart, George (February 2, 2016). "Meet Me in St. Louis". American Libraries Magazine.
  3. ^ "Memorial to Frederick Morgan Crunden". Bulletin of the American Library Association. 6. July 1, 1912. Retrieved 2 March 2016.

External linksEdit

Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Charles Ammi Cutter
President of the American Library Association
Succeeded by
Melvil Dewey