Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Frederick Francis I (10 December 1756 – 1 February 1837) ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as duke (1785–1815), and then as grand duke (1815–1837).

Frederick Francis I
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Friedrich franz 1.jpg
Portrait by Rudolph Suhrlandt (1817)
Reign24 April 1785 – 1 February 1837
PredecessorFrederick II
SuccessorPaul Frederick
Born(1756-12-10)10 December 1756
Schwerin, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Died1 February 1837(1837-02-01) (aged 80)
Ludwigslust, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
SpousePrincess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Issue
Among others
Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Louise Charlotte, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Charlotte Frederica, Hereditary Princess of Denmark
HouseMecklenburg-Schwerin
FatherDuke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
MotherPrincess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
ReligionLutheranism

BiographyEdit

He was born in Schwerin, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, to Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Friedrich Franz succeeded his uncle Friedrich as duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1785.[1]

Following the Napoleonic Wars, Friedrich Franz was raised to the dignity of grand duke at the Congress of Vienna.[2] Along with his cousin in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, he was known as one of the most reactionary German rulers. On his death in 1837 he was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Paul Friedrich.

Marriage and childrenEdit

On 1 June 1775 in Gotha, Friedrich Franz married Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.[1] They had eight children:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Online Gotha
  2. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1855). History of the Wars of the French Revolution. Bangs. p. 555.
  3. ^ a b Schelfkirche St. Nikolai zu Schwerin in: worldhistory.de [retrieved 2 March 2017].
Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 10 December 1756 Died: 1 February 1837
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick II
Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1785–1815
Became grand duke
New title
Previously duke
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1815–1837
Succeeded by
Paul Frederick