Frankfurt am Main I (electoral district)

Frankfurt am Main I is an electoral constituency (German: Wahlkreis) represented in the Bundestag. It elects one member via first-past-the-post voting. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 182. It is located in southern Hesse, comprising the western part of the city of Frankfurt am Main.[1]

182 Frankfurt am Main I
electoral district
for the Bundestag
Bundestagswahlkreis 182-2013.svg
Frankfurt am Main I in 2013
StateHesse
Population365,100 (2015)
Electorate199,775 (2017)
Major settlementsFrankfurt am Main (partial)
Area85.1 km2
Current electoral district
Created1949
PartyCDU
MemberMatthias Zimmer
Elected2009, 2013, 2017

Frankfurt am Main I was created for the inaugural 1949 federal election. Since 2009, it has been represented by Matthias Zimmer of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU).[2]

GeographyEdit

Frankfurt am Main I is located in southern Hesse. As of the 2021 federal election, it comprises the Ortsbezirke of Innenstadt I, Innenstadt II, West (excluding Schwanheim Ortsteil), Mitte-West, Nord-West, and Mitte-Nord from the independent city of Frankfurt am Main.[1]

HistoryEdit

Frankfurt am Main I was created in 1949, then known as Frankfurt/M I. From 1965 through 1972, it was named Frankfurt I. In the 1976 election, it was named Frankfurt (Main) I – Main-Taunus. From 1980 through 1998, it was named Frankfurt am Main I – Main-Taunus. It acquired its current name in the 2002 election. In the 1949 election, it was Hesse constituency 15 in the numbering system. From 1953 through 1976, it was number 140. From 1980 through 1998, it was number 138. In the 2002 and 2005 elections, it was number 183. Since the 2009 election, it has been number 182.

Originally, the constituency comprised the Stadtbezirke of Oberrad, Sachsenhausen, Niederrad, Goldstein, Schwanheim, Griesheim, Nied, Höchst, Sindlingen, Zeilsheim, Unterliederbach, and Sossenheim from the city of Frankfurt am Main. In the 1976 through 1998 elections, it comprised the Stadtbezirke of Rödelheim, Hausen, Praunheim, Schwanheim, Goldstein-West, Griesheim, Nied, Höchst, Sindlingen, Zeilsheim, Unterliederbach, and Sossenheim from the city of Frankfurt am Main, as well as the municipalities of Bad Soden, Eschborn, Hattersheim, Kriftel, Liederbach, Schwalbach am Taunus, and Sulzbach (Taunus) from the Main-Taunus-Kreis district. It acquired its current borders in the 2002 election.

Election No. Name Borders
1949 15 Frankfurt/M I
  • Frankfurt am Main city (only Oberrad, Sachsenhausen, Niederrad, Goldstein, Schwanheim, Griesheim, Nied, Höchst, Sindlingen, Zeilsheim, Unterliederbach, and Sossenheim Stadtbezirke)
1953 140
1957
1961
1965 Frankfurt I
1969
1972
1976 Frankfurt (Main) I – Main-Taunus
1980 138 Frankfurt am Main I – Main-Taunus
1983
1987
1990
1994
1998
2002 183 Frankfurt am Main I
  • Frankfurt am Main city (only Innenstadt I, Innenstadt II, West (excluding Schwanheim Ortsteil), Mitte-West, Nord-West, and Mitte-Nord Ortsbezirke)
2005
2009 182
2013
2017
2021

MembersEdit

The constituency was first represented by Hermann Brill of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) from 1949 to 1953, followed by Peter Horn of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) from 1953 to 1961. Georg Leber regained it for the SPD in 1965 and served until 1976, when he was succeeded by Karsten Voigt. Heinz Riesenhuber of the CDU won the constituency in 1983 and was representative until 2002. Gudrun Schaich-Walch was elected for the SPD in 2002 and served a single term, followed by fellow SPD member Gregor Amann in 2005. Matthias Zimmer was elected in 2009, and re-elected in 2013 and 2017.

Election Member Party %
1949 Hermann Brill SPD 38.7
1953 Peter Horn CDU 37.7
1957 42.5
1961 Georg Leber SPD 45.4
1965 48.3
1969 55.3
1972 54.8
1976 Karsten Voigt SPD 44.3
1980 46.6
1983 Heinz Riesenhuber CDU 48.8
1987 48.5
1990 48.6
1994 50.1
1998 44.0
2002 Gudrun Schaich-Walch SPD 44.3
2005 Gregor Amann SPD 39.8
2009 Matthias Zimmer CDU 35.2
2013 40.2
2017 30.6

Election resultsEdit

2017 electionEdit

Federal election (2017): Frankfurt am Main I[3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
CDU  Y Matthias Zimmer 43,663 30.5   9.6 37,221 26.0   7.5
SPD Oliver Strank 38,704 27.1   6.0 29,743 20.8   6.1
Green Jessica Purkhardt 15,596 10.9   1.0 19,475 13.6   0.3
Left Achim Kessler 13,934 9.7   1.9 17,179 12.0   3.1
FDP Nicola Beer 13,185 9.2   6.1 19,989 14.0   6.9
AfD Horst Reschke 12,892 9.0 13,342 9.3   4.0
PARTEI Nico Wehnemann 2,493 1.7   1.0 1,755 1.2   0.6
Tierschutzpartei   1,399 1.0
FW Michael Weingärtner 1,307 0.9   0.3 725 0.5   0.2
Pirates Pawel Borodan 969 0.7   1.7 692 0.5   1.9
BGE   331 0.2
DM 325 0.2
NPD   315 0.2   0.5
ÖDP   266 0.2
V-Partei³ 252 0.2
MLPD Corinna Koske-Jones 209 0.1 134 0.1   0.1
SGP Marianne Arens 97 0.1
DKP   53 0.0
BüSo 31 0.0   0.0
Informal votes 1,792 1,614
Total Valid votes 143,049 143,227
Turnout 144,841 72.5   4.1
CDU hold Majority 4,959 3.4   3.8

2013 electionEdit

Federal election (2013): Frankfurt am Main I[4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
CDU  Y Matthias Zimmer 52,427 40.2   4.9 43,883 33.5   5.9
SPD Gregor Amann 43,124 33.0   3.0 35,106 26.8   4.5
Green Angela Anne Hanisch 12,875 9.9   2.2 17,398 13.3   2.5
Left Margarete Wiemer 10,280 7.9   1.4 11,684 8.9   2.2
FDP Hans-Joachim Otto 4,125 3.2   6.7 9,209 7.0   10.4
AfD   6,983 5.3
Pirates Thorsten Wirth 3,066 2.3 3,117 2.4   0.2
FW Rainer Drephal 1,586 1.2 904 0.7
NPD Martin Patrick Baumgart 1,148 0.9   0.1 949 0.7   0.2
PARTEI Nico Wehnemann 939 0.7 869 0.7
REP Frank-Michael Homa 772 0.6   0.1 450 0.3   0.3
PRO 133 0.1
BüSo Ilja Bertold Karpowski 177 0.1   0.1 85 0.1   0.1
PSG   62 0.0
MLPD   56 0.0   0.0
Informal votes 3,056 2,687
Total Valid votes 130,519 130,888
Turnout 133,575 68.3   1.4
CDU hold Majority 9,303 7.2   2.1

2009 electionEdit

Federal election (2009): Frankfurt am Main I[5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A  Y or  N denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
CDU Matthias Zimmer 45,866 35.2   2.1 36,031 27.6   1.9
SPD  N Gregor Amann 39,147 30.1   9.7 29,107 22.3   8.7
Green Martina Feldmayer 15,701 12.1   2.5 20,645 15.8   0.3
FDP Hans-Joachim Otto 12,876 9.9   4.2 22,761 17.5   4.6
Left Margarete Wiemer 12,031 9.2   3.4 14,551 11.2   4.1
Pirates   3,355 2.6
Tierschutzpartei Julia Reichel 1,879 1.4 1,415 1.1   0.1
NPD Günter Ulrich 1,327 1.0   0.8 1,266 1.0   0.3
REP Matthias Ottmar 862 0.7 824 0.6   0.2
BüSo Rainer Apel 353 0.3 210 0.2   0.1
MLPD Veit-Harald Müller 170 0.1 92 0.1   0.0
DVU   81 0.1
Informal votes 2,217 2,091
Total Valid votes 130,212 130,338
Turnout 132,429 69.7   4.5
CDU gain from SPD Majority 6,719 5.1

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Constituency Frankfurt am Main I". Federal Returning Officer.
  2. ^ "Results for Frankfurt am Main I". Federal Returning Officer.
  3. ^ Results for Frankfurt am Main I
  4. ^ Results for Frankfurt am Main I
  5. ^ Results for Frankfurt am Main I