Frankfurt (Main) Süd station

  (Redirected from Frankfurt South station)

Frankfurt (Main) Süd (German for Frankfurt (Main) South) or Frankfurt Südbahnhof is one of three railway stations for long-distance train services in Frankfurt, Germany. Unlike Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof it is not a terminus but a through station, and has nine tracks with five platforms.[4] It is a stopping station for some long-distance routes (ICE, IC) and for regional traffic (Regional-Express and RegionalBahn). It is also one of the major rapid-transit railway hubs in the city with S-Bahn and U-Bahn services.

Frankfurt (Main) Süd
Deutsche Bahn S-Bahn-Logo.svg UU-Bahn-Logo traffiQ.svg TramStraßenbahn-Logo traffiQ.svg
Through station
Suedbahnhof Ffm Bahnhofsgebaeude.jpg
Entrance building
LocationHedderichstraße 51, Frankfurt, Hesse
Germany
Coordinates50°5′58″N 8°41′10″E / 50.09944°N 8.68611°E / 50.09944; 8.68611Coordinates: 50°5′58″N 8°41′10″E / 50.09944°N 8.68611°E / 50.09944; 8.68611
Line(s)
Platforms5
Tracks9
Construction
Architectural styleJugendstil
Other information
Station code1856[1]
DS100 codeFFS[2]
Category2[1]
Fare zoneRMV
Websitewww.bahnhof.de
History
Opened15 November 1873
Traffic
Passengers22,500[3]
Services
Preceding station   DB Fernverkehr   Following station
ICE 13
Preceding station   FlixTrain   Following station
towards Stuttgart
FLX 10
via Frankfurt (Main) - Erfurt
towards Berlin
Preceding station   DB Regio Bayern   Following station
Terminus
RE 54
Main-Spessart Railway
toward Bamberg
RE 55
Main-Spessart Railway
Preceding station   DB Regio Mitte   Following station
Terminus
RE 50
Kinzig Valley Railway
toward Fulda
RB 51
Kinzig Valley Railway
Preceding station   Hessische Landesbahn   Following station
RB 58
Main-Spessart Railway
via Frankfurt Süd - Hanau
toward Laufach
Terminus
RB 59
via Frankfurt Süd
toward Hanau Hbf
Preceding station   VIAS   Following station
Terminus
RE 85
Odenwald Railway
Preceding station   Rhine-Main S-Bahn   Following station
toward Bad Soden
S3
toward Kronberg
S4
toward Langen
S5Terminus
S6
Other services
Preceding station   Frankfurt U-Bahn   Following station
toward Ginnheim
U1Terminus
U2
U3
toward Ginnheim
U8
Location
Frankfurt (Main) Süd is located in Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt (Main) Süd
Frankfurt (Main) Süd
Location within Frankfurt
Frankfurt (Main) Süd is located in Hesse
Frankfurt (Main) Süd
Frankfurt (Main) Süd
Hesse
Frankfurt (Main) Süd is located in Germany
Frankfurt (Main) Süd
Frankfurt (Main) Süd
Location within Germany
Frankfurt (Main) Süd is located in Europe
Frankfurt (Main) Süd
Frankfurt (Main) Süd
Location within Europe

EnvironmentEdit

The station is located in the district of Sachsenhausen south of the Main. From the station forecourt, the Diesterwegplatz, five streets radiate: Hedderichstraße to the southwest and northeast, Diesterweg to the northwest, leading to Schweizer Platz, Stegstraße to the north (leading to the Eiserner Steg—Iron Bridge—for pedestrians) and Brückenstraße to the northeast (leading to the Alte Brücke—Old Bridge). On Diesterwegplatz there is a market on Tuesdays and Fridays.

A block west of the station runs the Schweizer Straße, the main axis of Sachsenhausen. Immediately northeast of the station forecourt, between Hedderichstraße and Textorstraße was the old Sachsenhausen Tram Depot, which was closed in 2003 and has since been gutted and rebuilt. It now contains a large supermarket and an office of the Frankfurt city library. The southern exit from the station leads to the Mörfelder Landstraße.

HistoryEdit

 
Environs of the former Bebraer Bahnhof, 1893

The government of the Electorate of Hesse (Kurhessen) had begun building the Frankfurt–Bebra railway from Bebra in North Hesse to Fulda, Hanau and Frankfurt before its annexation by Prussia after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. The project was completed by the Prussian state railways on 15 December 1868. Until the opening of the line south of the Main, trains from Bebra to Frankfurt had to use the North Main line and the Frankfurt City Link Line. On 15 November 1873 the new line south of the Main between Hanau and Frankfurt via Sachsenhausen and Offenbach was opened, including South Station (opened as Bebraer Bahnhof, "Bebra line" station) and Offenbach Hauptbahnhof. The South Main line is still the most important rail link connecting Frankfurt with Leipzig, Berlin and Hamburg.

After the completion of South Main line, the Frankfurt-Sachsenhausen station (Bahnhof Frankfurt-Sachsenhausen) at Darmstädter Landstraße (opened in 1848) of the Frankfurt-Offenbach Local Railway became a terminus, with trains only operating towards Offenbach. The track formerly connecting it to the Main-Neckar Railway to the west was removed. In 1876 it was renamed Lokalbahnhof; the Frankfurt Lokalbahnhof S-Bahn station is named in its honour, although it is about 250 metres south of the old station, which closed in 1955.

The current building was opened in 1914. In its simplified Art Nouveau style, it is similar to the Höchst station opened the same year. During the building of the U-Bahn station (completed in 1984), almost the entire station building was demolished and rebuilt after the completion of the tunnelling. It now includes a community centre. The former steel train shed was demolished during the U-Bahn construction and not rebuilt.

 
The Rhine-Main S-Bahn uses the two northern platforms, regional and mainline services use the three southern platforms.

OperationsEdit

 
ICE T Homburg/Saar in Frankfurt South station on its way to Frankfurt Airport

Long-distance servicesEdit

Line Route Interval
ICE 13 Berlin Ostbahnhof Berlin Hbf – Berlin-Spandau – Braunschweig – Hildesheim – Göttingen – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Fulda – Frankfurt Süd Frankfurt Airport 120 min
ICE 22 Hamburg-Altona – Hamburg – Hannover – Göttingen – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt Süd Darmstadt – Heidelberg – Stuttgart One train (Fri)
IC 16 Heidelberg – Weinheim – Heppenheim – Bensheim – Darmstadt – Frankfurt Süd Fulda – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Göttingen – Berlin-Spandau – Berlin Hbf – Berlin Gesundbrunnen Eberswalde – Prenzlau – Pasewalk – Anklam – Greifswald – Stralsund One train (Fri)
EN Moscow – Minsk – Brest – Warsaw – Poznań – Frankfurt – Berlin – Erfurt – Frankfurt Süd Saarbrücken – Paris Est One train pair
NJ DüsseldorfCologneBonnKoblenzMainzFrankfurt Airport – Frankfurt Süd NurembergAugsburgMunichKufsteinWörglInnsbruck One train pair
NJ Düsseldorf – Köln – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt Flughafen – Frankfurt Süd Nürnberg – Passau – Linz – St. Pölten Wien Meidling Vienna One train pair
FLX 10 Berlin Hbf – Berlin Südkreuz – Halle (Saale) – Erfurt – Gotha – Eisenach – Fulda – Frankfurt Süd – Darmstadt – Weinheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart 1–2 train pairs

Regional servicesEdit

The following Regional-Express and Regionalbahn services stop at Frankfurt South station:

Line Route Frequency
RE 50 Frankfurt (Main) HbfFrankfurt SouthOffenbach HauptbahnhofHanauFulda 60 min
RB 51 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Frankfurt South – Offenbach – Hanau Hbf – LangenselboldGelnhausenWächtersbach (– Bad Soden-Salmünster) 60 min
RE 54 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Frankfurt SouthMaintal Ost – Hanau (– AschaffenburgWürzburgBamberg) 120 min
RE 55 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Frankfurt South – Offenbach – Hanau (– Aschaffenburg – Würzburg – Bamberg) 120 min
RB 58 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Frankfurt South – Maintal Ost – Hanau – Aschaffenburg 60 min
RE 85 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Frankfurt South – Offenbach – Hanau – BabenhausenGroß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach (– Erbach (Odenw)) 120 min
  Bad Soden (Taunus)Frankfurt Hbf (tief)Frankfurt South – Langen (Hess) – Darmstadt Hbf 30 min
  Kronberg (Taunus) – Frankfurt Hbf (tief) – Frankfurt South – Langen (Hess) (– Darmstadt Hbf) 30 min
  Friedrichsdorf (Taunus)Bad Homburg – Frankfurt Hbf (tief) – Frankfurt South 15 min
  Friedberg (Hess) – Groß Karben – Bad Vilbel – Frankfurt Hbf (tief) – Frankfurt South 15 min

Urban public transportEdit

 
Südbahnhof tram stop
 
Walls of the underground station decorated with historic photographs, including of the old station building

Frankfurt South station plays a particularly important role for transport. It is at the interface between the inner city and the southern suburbs and it is served by, in addition to the regional services discussed above, lines S 3 to S 6 of the Rhine-Main S-Bahn, U-Bahn services on corridor A (U 1 to U 3 and U 8), tram lines  ,  ,   and the Ebbelwei Express. Tram line   starts at the Südbahnhof/Schweizer Straße stop. Numerous city and regional bus lines run from the station, especially to the southern region and to Frankfurt Airport. Some of these buses stop at the southern entrance on Mörfelder Landstraße.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Stationspreisliste 2020" [Station price list 2020] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  2. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
  3. ^ "Zum Glück gibt´s den Markt" (in German). Frankfurter Rundschau. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  4. ^ "Track plan of Frankfurt South station" (PDF) (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 2 July 2012.