The Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region, often simply referred to as Frankfurt Rhine-Main, Frankfurt Rhine-Main area or Rhine-Main area (German: Frankfurt/Rhein-Main, abbreviated FRM) is the second largest metropolitan region in Germany (after Ruhr), with a total population exceeding 5.8 million. The metropolitan region is located in the central western part of Germany, and stretches over parts of three federal states: Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria, as well as the cities of Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Offenbach, Mainz, Darmstadt and Aschaffenburg.

Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region
Map of the Frankfurt Rhine-Main metropolitan region
Map of the Frankfurt Rhine-Main metropolitan region
Country Germany
States Hesse
 Rhineland-Palatinate
 Bavaria
Largest CitiesFrankfurt am Main
Darmstadt
Mainz
Offenbach
Wiesbaden
Government
 • TypeFrankfurt/Rhine-Main Conurbation Planning Association
 • VerbandsdirektorHeiko Kasseckert (CDU)
Area
 • Metro
14,800 km2 (5,700 sq mi)
Population
 • Metro
5,821,523
 • Metro density391.89/km2 (1,015.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
GRP2012
Nominal€172/ $222 billion (6th in EU)
WebsitePlanungsverband.de

The polycentric region is named after its core city Frankfurt am Main and the two rivers Rhine and Main. The Frankfurt Rhine-Main area is officially designated as a European Metropolitan region by the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs and covers an area of roughly 13,000 square kilometers (5,000 sq mi).

Contents

SubdivisionsEdit

Rhine-Main is a polycentric metropolitan region, but the economic size and political weight of the city of Frankfurt sets it into a very monocentric relation with her commuter belt. Since the early 1970s the Frankfurt am Main metropolitan area (German: Ballungsraum Frankfurt/Rhein-Main) is defined as an area encompassing the cities of Frankfurt and Offenbach and their directly neighboring districts.

The Regierungsbezirk Darmstadt of the state of Hesse could be seen as the next administrative division, as it lies entirely within the metropolitan region and further includes the cities of Darmstadt and Wiesbaden and a number of larger districts. Only on a level further, the metropolitan region also includes the cities and districts of Mainz and Aschaffenburg in the two adjoining federal states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria.

Metropolitan region and larger urban zonesEdit

Eurostat's Urban Audit splits the Frankfurt Rhine-Main region into four Larger Urban Zones (LUZ). These zones do exclude a number of districts in the metropolitan area.

Hierarchy of planning bodies Major cities Area Population Refs
Frankfurt am Main 248 km² 750,000
Offenbach am Main 45 km² 118,245
  • Frankfurt am Main urban area
4,305 km² 2,517,561 [2]
Wiesbaden 204 km² 275,489
Darmstadt 122 km² 142,191
  • Regierungsbezirk Darmstadt
7,445 km² 3,778,689
Mainz 98 km² 196,784
Aschaffenburg 63 km² 68,646'
  • Frankfurt Rhine-Main metropolitan region
14,800 km² 5,821,523
Larger Urban Zone Major cities Area Population Refs
  • Frankfurt am Main
4,305 km² 2,517,561 [3]
Frankfurt am Main 248 km² 670,095 [4]
Offenbach am Main 45 km² 118,245 [5]
  • Wiesbaden
1,015 km² 459,633 [6]
Wiesbaden 204 km² 275,489 [7]
  • Darmstadt
781 km² 430,993 [8]
Darmstadt 122 km² 142,191 [9]
  • Mainz
704 km² 386,173 [10]
Mainz 98 km² 196,784 [11]

Cities and districtsEdit

Picture City or district Area Population
  Frankfurt am Main 248 km² 750,000
  Offenbach am Main 45 km² 118,245
  Landkreis Offenbach 356 km² 337,986
  Main-Kinzig-Kreis 1,397 km² 411,956
  Wetteraukreis 122 km² 142,191
  Hochtaunuskreis 482 km² 233,427
Main-Taunus-Kreis 122 km² 142,191
  Darmstadt 122 km² 142,191
  Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg 659 km² 289,102
  Landkreis Groß-Gerau 453 km² 253,502
  Wiesbaden 204 km² 275,489
  Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis 98 km² 196,784
Subtotal Hesse 7,445 km² 3,778,689
  Mainz 98 km² 196,784
  Mainz-Bingen 606 km² 201,451
Worms 109 km² 81,784
Landkreis Alzey-Worms 588 km² 124,758
Subtotal Rhineland-Palatinate 1405 km² 604,777
  Aschaffenburg 63 km² 68,646
Landkreis Aschaffenburg 699 km² 173,946
  Landkreis Miltenberg 716 km² 130,009
Subtotal Bavaria 1,478 km² 372,601
Total Frankfurt Rhine-Main metropolitan region 14,800 km² 5,800,000

TrafficEdit

The growth of the area is chiefly to be traced to the favorable communications, that promoted an early industrialization. Today however, the importance of industrial concerns has to a great extent been replaced by banking, trade and logistics. Frankfurt lies within the populous Blue Banana region of Europe, which here runs along the Rhine valley, and the city is also a stepping stone from and to various parts of Switzerland and Southern Germany. The Rhine-Ruhr is accessible via a one-hour trip on the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed rail line, and the air route Frankfurt-Berlin is the busiest in German domestic air travel.

Frankfurt Airport is the busiest airport by passenger traffic in Germany and one of the three busiest airports in Europe. Thereby, along with a strong railway connection, the area also serves as a major transportation hub.

EducationEdit

See alsoEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Regionalverband FrankfurtRheinMain. "Regionalverband FrankfurtRheinMain /". planungsverband.de.
  2. ^ Regionalverband FrankfurtRheinMain. "Regionalverband FrankfurtRheinMain /". planungsverband.de.
  3. ^ "City Profiles".
  4. ^ "Frankfurt a.M. - Städtestatistik im Internet". staedtestatistik.de.
  5. ^ "Umlichen_Ebenen_des_UrbanAudit" (PDF).
  6. ^ "City Profiles".
  7. ^ "Wiesbaden, LH - Städtestatistik im Internet". staedtestatistik.de.
  8. ^ "Country Code". Archived from the original on 2012-03-20.
  9. ^ "Darmstadt - Städtestatistik im Internet". staedtestatistik.de.
  10. ^ "Country Code".
  11. ^ "Mainz, LH - Städtestatistik im Internet". staedtestatistik.de.
  12. ^ "Rhine Main Universities". 2018-04-23.

External linksEdit