Four-point play

In basketball, a four-point play is the rare occasion when an offensive player shoots and makes a three-point field goal while simultaneously being fouled by a defensive player, resulting in a shooting foul and one free throw attempt, or a two-point field goal and is intentionally or flagrantly fouled on the shot and is awarded two free throws. If the player makes his/her free throws, they will have scored four points on a single possession.[1] The short-lived American Basketball League first introduced the four-point play to the game of basketball, and it was later adopted by the American Basketball Association during its inaugural season.[2] The National Basketball Association (NBA) introduced that rule in 1979; FIBA in 1984; the NCAA in 1986 (men only) and 1987 (women); middle and high schools in 1987; and the WNBA in 1997.

Sam Smith of the Chicago Bulls completed the first four-point play in NBA history on October 21, 1979, in a game against the Milwaukee Bucks.[3] Dale Ellis was the first player in NBA history to complete two four-point plays in the same game when he did so in a win against the Sacramento Kings on January 26, 1988.[4] On April 29, 2009, James Jones completed two four-point plays in a span of eleven seconds.[5] As of now, Jamal Crawford is the league's career leader in regular-season four-point plays with 55, and 60 when including postseason play.[6][7][8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Four-point play – (Basketball): Definition". Retrieved January 10, 2009.
  2. ^ "4-Point Play Gets Approval By ABA". Associated Press. July 11, 1967. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  3. ^ Sam Smith. "Taxing dilemma for NBA's 2010 free agents". July 27, 2009. Retrieved on October 11, 2009.
  4. ^ "Ellis sets record with two four-point plays". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. Associated Press. January 27, 1988. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
  5. ^ "James Jones for 4 - twice in 11 seconds". Associated Press. April 29, 2009. Archived from the original on June 26, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2016.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  6. ^ Astramskas, David (February 21, 2016). "JAMAL CRAWFORD CONTINUES TO ADD TO HIS UNTOUCHABLE NBA RECORD FOR 4-POINT PLAYS". Retrieved February 27, 2016.
  7. ^ "Clippers rip Nets 127-95 for 7th straight win, go to 10-1". November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016. G Jamal Crawford, the king of four-point plays , had one in the fourth, making a free throw after getting fouled on a 3-pointer he launched from in front of his team's bench.
  8. ^ "Booker held to 25, but Suns send Cavs to sixth straight loss". April 1, 2019. Retrieved April 2, 2019. Crawford, with a four-point play of his own in the second quarter, became the NBA's career leader in that category with 54 [sic], which doesn't include five in the playoffs.