Fleet Model 1
The Fleet Model 1 (originally the Consolidated Model 14 Husky Junior) and its derivatives were a family of two-seat trainer and sports biplanes produced in the United States and Canada in the 1920s and 1930s. They all shared the same basic design and varied mainly in their powerplants.
|U.S. Navy N2Y-1 with "looped" left mainwheel radius rod|
|Role||Recreational and training aircraft|
|First flight||9 November 1928|
The Fleet Model 1 and its derivatives were all orthodox biplanes with staggered, single-bay wings of equal span and fixed tailskid undercarriage. Accommodation was provided for two in tandem, originally sharing a single open cockpit, but in most examples in separate open cockpits. The fuselage was made of welded steel tube with triangular-layout Warren truss construction pattern side structures typical of the time, and the wings had a wooden spar with duralumin ribs, the entire aircraft being fabric-covered. Despite a superficial resemblance to Consolidated's highly successful Trusty and Husky designs (hence the "Husky Junior" nickname), the Model 14 was an all-new design.
Originally created as a means for Consolidated to enter the civil market, the company abandoned this ambition shortly before the completion of the first prototype. The manufacturing rights were purchased by designer and Consolidated company president Reuben Fleet to put into production under his new enterprise, Fleet Aircraft. It was an immediate success, and in the first year of production alone, over 300 machines were sold. Consolidated quickly responded by buying Fleet Aircraft and retaining it as a subsidiary while opening a second production line at Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada. The Canadian manufacturing was a great success, with some 600 examples built for the Royal Canadian Air Force as the Fleet Fawn (Model 7) and Fleet Finch (Model 16).
A small number of U.S.-built machines were purchased by the U.S. military, including a batch evaluated by the United States Army Air Corps as the PT-16 but not bought in quantity. One initial prototype aircraft and six subsequent specialised production N2Y trainers were purchased by the United States Navy. These N2Y-1 aircraft were equipped with hooks to catch the trapeze on two U.S. Navy airships, the USS Akron and the USS Macon. The N2Y-1 parasite aircraft were used to train pilots that would subsequently fly the longer distance single-seat F9C Sparrowhawks reconnaissance aircraft. The two-seater N2Y-1 also acted as service aircraft, flying passengers to the inroute airships.
United States manufacturing rights were eventually sold to Brewster Aeronautical Corporation, which intended to produce the Brewster B-1 based on the Canadian Model 16F.
- Consolidated Model 14 Husky Junior - prototypes (ca. five built)
- Fleet Model 1 - initial production version with Warner Scarab engine (ca. 90 built)
- Fleet Model 2 - initial production version with Kinner K-5 engine (203 built)
- PT-6 - USAAC designation for Model 2 (16 built)
- N2Y-1 - USN version with trapeze hook for airship docking training (six built)
- Fleet Model 3 - version with Wright J-6 engine (one converted from Model 2)
- Fleet Model 4 - version with Curtiss Challenger engine (one built)
- Fleet Model 5 - version with Brownback C-400 engine (one built)
- Fleet Model 6 - improved version for USN as XN2Y-2, later further modified as an autogiro by Pennsylvania Aircraft with the upper wing replaced by a rotor, it was redesignated XOZ-1 (one built)
- Fleet Model 7 - version with Kinner B-5 engine (48 built, plus several converted from Model 2 by Fleet in Canada)
- Fleet Model 7A
- Fleet Model 7B - Canadian production version
- Fleet Model 7C - Canadian production version with Armstrong Siddeley Civet engine
- Fleet Model 7G - Canadian production version with de Havilland Gipsy III engine
- XPT-6 - One Model 7 acquired by the US Army Air Corps for service tests. Version with 100-hp Kinner R-370-1 (Kinner K5) engine
- YPT-6 - ten aircraft similar to the XPT-6, used by the US Army Air Corps for service tests and evaluation
- YPT-6A - modified version of the Model 7 fitted with an enlarged cockpit. Used by the US Army Air Corps for service tests and evaluation
- Fleet Model 8 - three-seat version similar to Model 7 (seven built)
- Fleet Model 9 - refined version of Model 8 (12 built)
- Fleet Model 10 - refined version of Model 7 for export to Europe, replaced the 1928-origin "looped" portside main landing gear radius rod of the Models 2 & 7; with a center-hinged design for both mainwheels, using a V-form transverse cabane strut to provide the hinge-point.
- Fleet Model 10A - version with 100 hp Kinner engine
- Fleet Model 10B - version with 125 hp Kinner engine
- Fleet Model 10D - version with 160 hp Kinner engine
- Fleet Model 10-32D - generally similar to the Model 10D, but with an increased 4-ft 0-in (1.22-m) wingspan
- Fleet Model 10E - version with 125 hp Warner engine
- Fleet Model 10F - version with 145 hp Warner engine
- Fleet Model 10G - version with de Havilland Gypsy Major engine for governments of Portugal and Romania; ca. 70 built in Romania by ICAR
- Fleet Model 10H - version with Menasco C-4S engine
- Fleet Model 11 - version with Kinner R-5 engine; some exported to Argentina, China and Mexico
- Fleet Model 14 - Model 2 modified for participation in Guggenheim Safe Aircraft Competition but disqualified; ca. 300 licence-built in Romania by IAR.
- Fleet Model 16 - Fleet Finch - strengthened Canadian production version with sliding canopy, powered by a 130 hp de Havilland Gipsy Major engine (ca. 600 built)
- Fleet Model 16B - Fleet Finch Mk II - Strengthened Canadian production version, powered by a Kinner B5 engine 
- Fleet Model 16D - similar to the Model 16B, but fitted with a Kinner B5 engine
- Fleet Model 16F - prototype for Brewster B-1
- Fleet Model 16R - Fleet Finch Mk I - designation of the Fleet 16D built in Canada for the RCAF
- Fleet Model 21 - armed version built in Canada for Mexican Air Force (11 built)
- Fleet Model 21M - designation for a one-off demonstration aircraft
- Fleet Model 21K - redesignation of the Model 21M, after it was subsequently sold to a private buyer
- Chinese Nationalist Air Force - Fleet Model 11
- Paraguayan Air Force - Military Aviation School - 5 Fleet Model 2 bought in 1931
- Israel A Fleet Model 1, registration 4X-AAF, is in flying condition and located in the Paradive Aviation Gallery, Habonim Airstrip. The aircraft (c/n 200) was manufactured in 1929 and is powered with a Kinner B-5 radial engine.
- United States Fleet Model 2, serial 181, registration N605M, Pima Air & Space Museum, Tucson AZ. Marked as Gilpen & Greenway Air Lines, Tucson, Arizona 1934;
- Paraguay Fleet Model 2, serial unknown, ex-Paraguayan Air Arm E-15, ex ZP-EAL. Chaco War veteran. Donated to the Paraguayan Air Force in 1990, it is now under the guard of the Yvytu Flight Club, which restored it to flying conditions.
Specifications (Model 2)Edit
Data from General Dynamics Aircraft and their Predecessors
- Crew: 2
- Length: 20 ft 9 in (6.32 m)
- Wingspan: 28 ft 0 in (8.53 m)
- Height: 7 ft 10 in (2.39 m)
- Wing area: 195 sq ft (18.1 m2)
- Empty weight: 1,063 lb (482 kg)
- Gross weight: 1,820 lb (826 kg)
- Fuel capacity: 55 US gal (46 imp gal; 210 L)
- Powerplant: 1 × Kinner K-5 5-clyinder radial engine, 110 hp (82 kW)
- Maximum speed: 113.5 mph (182.7 km/h, 98.6 kn)
- Cruise speed: 88 mph (142 km/h, 76 kn)
- Service ceiling: 12,200 ft (3,700 m)
- Rate of climb: 730 ft/min (3.7 m/s)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Air Trails: 29. Summer 1971. Missing or empty
- "AVIONES DE ENTRENAMIENTO DE LA AVIACION NAVAL - CONSOLIDATED "FLEET" MODELO 11". Histarmar - Historia y Arqueologia Marítima (in Spanish). Fundación Histarmar. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Aircraft List of Turkey Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine(Ger), as of 2012/09/02
- Wegg 1990, p. 58.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 263. ISBN 0-7106-0710-5.
- World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. File 894 Sheets 24–25. ISBN 1-156-94382-5.
- Howard, Frederic (June 1967). "The History Of The 1930 Fleet". American Aviation Historical Society Journal.
- Shattuck, Lemuel C. (December 2008). "Restoration: Fleet Model 8". Air & Space.
- Wegg, John (1990). General Dynamics Aircraft and their Predecessors. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-833-X.
- "Consolidated Fleet 110". Instituto Aeronaval - Aeronaves (in Spanish). Instituto Aeronaval. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
Media related to Consolidated N2Y at Wikimedia Commons