Flag of Mongolia

The flag of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол улсын төрийн далбаа, translit. Mongol ulsyn töriin dalbaa, lit. 'State flag of Mongolia') is a vertical tricolour with two reds at in sides and a blue in the middle, with the Soyombo symbol defacing the left red stripe. The blue stripe is described as the eternal blue sky and the red stripes symbolise thriving forever. The Soyombo symbol is a geometric abstraction that represents fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and a round shape as dualist aspect. The current flag was adopted in 1992, with the current official colour standards since July 8, 2011. Prior to that, the flag had a communist star above the Soyombo during the final 47 years of the Mongolian People's Republic.

Mongolia
Flag of Mongolia.svg
NameMongolian State Flag
UseNational flag
Proportion1:2
AdoptedDecember 26, 1911 (version of the Bogd Khaanate of Mongolia)
July 8, 2011 (current version)
DesignA vertical triband of red (hoist-side and fly-side) and blue with the Soyombo symbol centred on the hoist-side of the red band.

Contents

Historical flagsEdit

Flag Date Description
  1911-1920 Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia after its declaration of independence during the fall of the Chinese Qing Dynasty. The flags exact design was not standardized and variations occurred from flag to flag.[1][2][3]
  1920-1921 Flag of the Republic of China used during the Chinese Occupation of Mongolia[4]
  1921-1924 Return to the previous flag used before the occupation. But simply "as a formality" after the communist victory in the revolution of 1921
  1924-1930 The first flag of the Mongolian People's Republic[5][6][4][7][8][9] as described by the Mongolian Constitution of 1924.[10] The flags exact shape and design was not completely standardized (only described as "The flag is red with the state emblem at the centre")[10] and can be seen with some variations in regards to the text and shape of the flag, etc.[11][12] The flag kept seeing usage during the 1930's despite the adoption of a new flag, until the adoption of the 1940 constitution and flag[13][14]
  1930-1940 The second flag of the Mongolian People's Republic[4][15][16][6][5] This flag did not see much common use compared to its predecessor and successor and some sources omit it completely from the chronology of flags
  1940-1945 The third flag of the Mongolian People's Republic after the Second Mongolian Constitution was adopted in 1940[17][10][18][4][6][19]
  1945-1992 The fourth flag of the Mongolian People's Republic until the end of the regime. It was adopted in 1945, but not officially until 1949. Its description was put into the Third Mongolian Constitution, 1960[5][4]

Other Flags of MongoliaEdit

Flag Date Description
  1921-1924 Flag of the Communist Revolutionary Provisional Government of Mongolia used during the Mongolian Revolution of 1921. There exists no images or surviving examples of this flag, only descriptions. Therefore, exact dimensions of the flags shape and the position of the symbol, such as in the centre or as a canton, is unknown[5]
  1924-1940 Flag of the Mongolian People's Republic, with an unusual blue Soyombo, according to William Cramptons World of Flags which contradicts Mongolian sources, including the Mongolian Statehood History Museum in Ulaanbaatar[5][6][7][8] and photographic evidence of the official flag of 1924 in use at that time[20]
  Flag of the Mongolian National Olympic Committee

ColorsEdit

 
Flag of Mongolia

Official colour standards for the flag were approved in July 2011.[21]

Scheme Blue Red Yellow
CMYK 100-60-0-0 10-100-90-0 0-15-100-0
HEX #0066FF #FF0019 #FFD900
RGB 0 102 255 230 0 25 255 217 0

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia (1)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia (2)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia (3)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Cahoon, Ben. "Mongolia". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Mongolia". crwflags.com.
  6. ^ a b c d "ТАНИН МЭДЭХҮЙ". selenge.nso.mn. National Statistics Office of Mongolia. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  7. ^ a b Farmer, Val (24 April 2013). "Musings in Mongolia". Mongolian Parliament. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Mongolian Statehood History Museum (1)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Mongolian Statehood History Museum (1924 Flag)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  10. ^ a b c Inner Asia Volume 9. Global Oriental. 2007.
  11. ^ "Тусгаар тогтнол чамайг тунхаглан бичнэ би". undesten.mn. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Anniversary poster, 1960's". blog.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  13. ^ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mn/1/14/Mongol-Manjur_border_conference_1937.jpg Photo from the Manzhouli conference (1935-1936) which shows the flag of Manchukuo and Mongolia
  14. ^ Д.Батбаяр. "Anti-Buddhism poster, 1932". newspress.mn. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  15. ^ Атлас командира РККА. Атлас командира РККА. 1938. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Mongolian Statehood History Museum (2)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  17. ^ Peaslee, A.J. (1956). Constitutions of Nations. Second Edition. Martinus Nijhoff.
  18. ^ "Constitution of the Mongol People's Republic (June 30, 1940)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  19. ^ "ЖАНЖИН ТУГИЙГ МОНГОЛ ЦЭРГИЙН МУЗЕЙД ЗАЛЛАА". zasag.mn. Mongolian Government. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  20. ^ Наминчимэд, Баасангийн. "Жинхэнэ эх орончдыг үгүйлэх цаг..." time.mn. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  21. ^ "Төрийн далбаа стандарттай болов". Ерөнхийлөгчийн тамгын газар 100-60-0-0 10-100-90-0 0-15-100-0. 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2012-03-13.