Fine Spinners and Doublers

Fine Spinners and Doublers was a major cotton spinning business based in Manchester, England. At its peak it was a constituent of the FT 30 index of leading companies on the London Stock Exchange.

Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers
IndustryTextiles
FateAcquired
SuccessorCourtaulds
Founded1898
Defunct1963
HeadquartersManchester, UK

HistoryEdit

 
Reddish Mill, a FCSDA mill

FormationEdit

Fine Spinners and Doublers, formed from a group of spinning companies specialising in fine Sea Island Cottons, was registered on 31 March 1898.[1] The Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association Limited had the objective of promoting the interests of cotton spinners in North West England.[2] It was founded through the efforts of Herbert Dixon and Scott Lings in 1897. Businesses that joined in this enterprise at the time included A&G Murray Ltd, Houldsworths, CE Bennett & Co, James & Wainwright Bellhouse and McConnell & Co; but many more followed in subsequent years.[2][3]

The new association was vast compared with its competitors and its large size enabled it to secure its supplies of cotton from the Sea Island and Egypt.[2] For thirty years it was the world's largest cotton-spinning concern, expanding to operate 60 mills and employ 30,000 operatives.[3]

First World WarEdit

In 1915, its vice-president, McConnel was on the RMS Lusitania when she was sunk by enemy action. He survived and wrote an account of the sinking which was published in the Manchester Guardian.[4]

ContractionEdit

In 1938 Lancashire Cotton Corporation replaced Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers in the FT 30 as the latter completed a capital reduction and reorganisation programme.[5]

On 16 June 1940 production was stepped up order of Lord Beaverbrook. Sunday working and double shifts were introduced in a plan to quadruple production in order to manufacture defensive barrage balloons. At peak of production 10 mills were used to output 91,000 kilograms (200,000 lb) of fine super-combed yarn a week; that is 50% of the industry total.[6] Fine super-combed yarn was needed for parachutes and camouflage netting. It was also used for constructing pneumatic heavy lifting gear and inflatable decoy artillery.[7]

In 1946 the name of the business was changed to Fine Spinners' and Doublers' Limited.[2][8] There were 62 firms making up the Association. It owned 107 spinning and doubling mills, a pilot production plant, a weaving mill, a mercerising plant a large research establishment and a 16,000 hectares (39,000 acres) cotton plantation. [9]

During the next five years there was a sustained boom in the textile industry owing to the worldwide shortage of cotton goods. Yarn production increased by 50 percent but output contracted by 28 percent; the Lancashire industry had collapsed.[8]

ClosureEdit

Fine Spinners and Doublers was acquired by Courtaulds in 1963.[10]

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association, Graces Guide, retrieved 27 August 2011
  2. ^ a b c d Bellhouse history
  3. ^ a b Miller & Wild 2007, p. 88
  4. ^ McConnel, J.W. (10 May 1915), LANCASHIRE SPINNER'S EXPERIENCE.Under The Sea And Back Again., Manchester GuardianCS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  5. ^ FT 30 History
  6. ^ Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association 1947, p. 41.
  7. ^ Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association 1947, p. 51-61.
  8. ^ a b Miller & Wild 2007, p. 91
  9. ^ Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association 1947, p. 18.
  10. ^ "History of Bamford Mill". Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2008-03-23.

Bibliography

  • Miller, Ian; Wild, Chris (2007), A & G Murray and the Cotton Mills of Ancoats, Lancaster Imprints, ISBN 978-0-904220-46-9CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association (1947). Richard Potts and Partners Ltd (ed.). Behind the Distaff: An account of the activities of Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association Limited. London, EC4: Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association Limited.CS1 maint: location (link) CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External linksEdit

Cotton manufacturing processes
 
Bale breaker Blowing room
     
Willowing  
   
Breaker scutcher Batting
   
Finishing scutcher Lapping
     
Carding Carding room
     
Sliver lap  
   
Combing  
     
Drawing
 
Slubbing
 
Intermediate
 
Roving   Fine roving
     
Mule spinning Ring spinning Spinning
     
         
  Reeling   Doubling
     
Winding Bundling Bleaching
       
Weaving shed   Winding
     
Beaming   Cabling
     
Warping   Gassing
     
Sizing/slashing/dressing   Spooling
     
Weaving    
     
Cloth Yarn (cheese) Bundle Sewing thread