File:U.S. Federal Reserve - Treasury and Mortgage-Backed Securities Held.png

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Summary

Description
English: U.S. Federal Reserve – Treasury and Mortgage-Backed Securities Held

Understanding the chart

The Federal Reserve System, the central bank of the United States, buys and sells securities as it conducts open market operations or other programs. The Fed creates or "prints" money to purchase these securities, increasing the money supply when it does so. If at some point it begins to sell these securities, the money supply can be reduced. The "Federal Reserve Balance Sheet" includes these purchased securities and smaller amounts of other securities. As of March 2013, the total of these two types (Treasury $1.78 trillion and MBS of $1.09 trillion) was $2.87 trillion, up from $476 billion at the start of 2009. Prior to 2009, the Fed did not purchase MBS. The purchases were begun as an emergency measure to stabilize the housing market in 2009. The Federal Reserve releases details of its balance sheet in its weekly H.4.1 statistical release. As of March 21, 2013 the balance sheet included $3.25 trillion of securities.[1] The data for the chart comes from the indicated FRED database series in the chart (TREAST and MBST).

An older Wikipedia chart that shows the categories graphically is: File:Consolidated Statement of Condition of all Federal Reserve Banks-ASSETS.gif
Date
Source I used the FRED database to create the chart
  • Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), U.S. Treasury securities held by the Federal Reserve: All Maturities [TREAST], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/TREAST
  • Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Mortgage-backed securities held by the Federal Reserve: All Maturities (DISCONTINUED) [MBST], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/MBST
Author Farcaster

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2013-08-25 12:48 960×720× (102814 bytes) Farcaster
2013-03-25 01:19 960×720× (108070 bytes) Farcaster Uploading a self-made file using [[Wikipedia:File_Upload_Wizard|File Upload Wizard]]

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