MNRAS_cover.gif(134 × 175 pixels, file size: 10 KB, MIME type: image/gif)


Non-free media information and use rationale – non-free scientific journal cover for Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

This is the front cover art for an edition of the scientific journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society . The copyright is believed to belong to Royal Astronomical Society and Oxford University Press.

As of 2013.


May be found at the following website:


Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Portion used

The entire front cover. Because the image is the publication cover, a form of product packaging, the entire image is needed to identify the product, properly convey the meaning and branding intended, and avoid tarnishing or misrepresenting the image.

Low resolution?

The copy is of sufficient resolution for commentary and identification but lower resolution than the original cover. Copies made from it will be of inferior quality, unsuitable as artwork on pirate versions or other uses that would compete with the commercial purpose of the original artwork.

Purpose of use

Main infobox. The image is used for identification in the context of critical commentary of the work for which it serves as cover art. It makes a significant contribution to the user's understanding of the article, which could not practically be conveyed by words alone.The image is placed in the infobox at the top of the article discussing the work, to show the primary visual image associated with the work, and to help the user quickly identify the work and know they have found what they are looking for. Use for this purpose does not compete with the purposes of the original work, namely the cover creator's ability to provide design services and in turn marketing of items to the public.


As a cover, the image is not replaceable by free content; any other image that shows the packaging of the item would also be copyrighted, and any version that is not true to the original would be inadequate for identification or commentary. Using a different image in the infobox would be misleading as to the identity of the work.

Other information

Use of the publication cover in the article complies with Wikipedia non-free content policy and fair use under United States copyright law as described above.

Fair useFair use of copyrighted material in the context of Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society//


File history

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current17:46, 24 August 2013Thumbnail for version as of 17:46, 24 August 2013134 × 175 (10 KB)Modest Genius (talk | contribs)Uploading a piece of non-free cover art using File Upload Wizard
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The following pages on the English Wikipedia use this file (pages on other projects are not listed):