Federal Coal Mine Safety Act of 1952
The Federal Coal Mine Safety Act of 1952 is a U.S. law authorizing the federal government to conduct annual inspections of underground coal mines with more than 15 workers, and gave the United States Bureau of Mines the authority to shut down a mine in cases of "imminent danger." The Act authorized the assessment of civil penalties against mine operators for failing to comply with an order to shut down (a "withdrawal order") or for refusing to give inspectors access to mine property. The law did not authorize monetary penalties for noncompliance with the safety provisions. In 1966, Congress extended coverage to all underground coal mines.
|Long title||An Act to amend Public Law 49, Seventy-seventh Congress, so as to provide for the prevention of major disasters in coal mines.|
|Nicknames||Federal Coal Mine Safety Act Amendment of 1952|
|Enacted by||the 82nd United States Congress|
|Effective||July 16, 1952|
|Public law||Pub.L. 82–552|
|Statutes at Large||66 Stat. 692, Chap. 877|
|Titles amended||30 U.S.C.: Mineral Lands and Mining|
|U.S.C. sections amended||30 U.S.C. ch. 22 § 801 et seq.|
Most regulation of mines was left to the U.S. states, and the Bureau of Mines or MSHA would get involved if either there were a disaster or a state agency request. Legislators apparently said that the federal 1952 law was oriented toward addressing the infrequent disasters in which five or more miners died, not preventing more common causes of deaths in mines.
- P.L. 82-552, 66 Stat. 692, July 16, 1952.
- Coal Mine Safety Act of 1952 at crywolfproject.org
- P.L. 89-376, Mar. 26, 1966.
- Kubiszewski, Ida. 2008. Federal Coal Mine Safety Act of 1952, United States.
- Truman, Harry S. (January 22, 1952). "Letter to the President of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives Urging Action on Mine Safety Legislation - January 22, 1952". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. p. 117.
- Truman, Harry S. (July 16, 1952). "Statement by the President Upon Signing an Amendment to the Federal Coal Mine Safety Act - July 16, 1952". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 480–481.