Fayez Mustafa al-Sarraj (Arabic: فائز السراج or فايز السراج; born 20 February 1960) is the head of the Presidential Council of Libya and prime minister of the Government of National Accord of Libya, formed on 17 December 2015 under the Libyan Political Agreement. He has been a member of the Parliament of Tripoli.
Al-Sarraj in 2017
|President of Libya|
Government of National Accord
|Assumed office |
30 March 2016
|Vice President||Ahmed Maiteeq|
|Preceded by||Aguila Saleh Issa (President of the House of Representatives)|
Nouri Abusahmain (President of the General National Congress)
|Prime Minister of Libya |
|Assumed office |
5 April 2016*
|Preceded by||Abdullah al-Thani|
|Minister of Defense|
6 September 2018 – 29 August 2020
|Preceded by||Al-Mahdi Al-Barghathi|
|Succeeded by||Salah Eddine al-Namrouch|
Fayez Mustafa al-Sarraj
20 February 1960
Tripoli, Kingdom of Libya
|*Sarrraj's premiership was disputed by Abdullah al-Thani and Khalifa al-Ghawil.|
Fayez Mustafa was born on 20 February 1960 in Tripoli. He comes from a wealthy family of Kouloughli descent which owned shops and vast amount of land. Al-Sarraj himself is said to be of Turkish origin. His father, Mostafa al-Sarraj was a minister during the Libyan Monarchy. Fayez al-Sarraj trained as an architect and during the Colonel Muammar Gaddafi era he was employed at the Housing Ministry. In 2014, he served as the Minister of Housing and Utilities in the Maiteeq Cabinet of the GNC. His opponents criticized his political appointment as a foreign imposition. An article that appeared in 2016 in The Guardian newspaper quoted Guma el-Gamaty, a member of Libya Dialogue, the UN-chaired body that created the new government, saying that al-Sarraj was "expected to ask for help to combat ISIS and train Libyan units."
Following Libya's 2014 elections, the government became split between the New General National Congress in Tripoli and the internationally recognized legislature of the House of Representatives in Tobruk.
In early October 2015 the United Nations envoy to Libya, Bernardino León, proposed a National Unity Government for Libya, to be led by the Presidential Council of Fayez al-Sarraj, as prime minister, three deputies from the country's eastern, western, and southern regions, and two ministers. However, this national unity government was rejected by the internationally recognized legislature in Tobruk and the rival government in Tripoli.
Fayez al-Sarraj, and six members of the Presidential Council and proposed cabinet arrived in Tripoli on 30 March 2016. The following day, it was reported[undue weight? ] that the GNA had taken control of the prime ministerial offices and that the GNC appointed prime minister Khalifa al-Ghawil had fled to Misrata.[unreliable source?]
On 14 October 2016, forces loyal to GNC took over the building of the High Council of State and announced the comeback of Ghawil cabinet Then, fighting occurred between Sarraj loyalists and Ghawil forces.
On 31 October 2020, al-Sarraj rescinded his decision to resign.
Government of National AccordEdit
Sarraj has been Prime Minister of the Government of National Accord since its installment in December 2015 as part of a United Nations-led political agreement.
Prior to his initial arrival in Tripoli in March 2016, Sarraj survived two separate assassination attempts.
Over the past two years, the GNA has struggled to gain a foothold as a legitimate institution of authority inside the country, and Libya has remained divided. The government's initial proposed group of ministers was rejected by the House of Representatives (HoR), leading Sarraj to form a government that received a no confidence vote from the HoR. Infighting among rival militias has only intensified, and Libyan citizens have faced economic hardships, including inflation, corruption, and smuggling, that are "melting away the country's cash reserves".
The United Nations representatives who initially formed the unity government have since expressed concern over its ability to make progress. In December 2016, the Security Council noted the "limited authority" of the GNA and stated that "the Libyan Political Agreement did not fulfill the expectations. The implementation has stalled."
Months following this statement, an April 2017 U.N. Security Council meeting summary cautioned that "Libya could relapse into conflict" and said the government has struggled to "deliver basic services while endeavoring to fight terrorism, illegal migration and oil smuggling."
On 10 April 2019, United Nations chief António Guterres said, at the UN headquarters, that he still hopes to avoid a "bloody battle for Tripoli". Two days before that, troops loyal to Khalifa Haftar began moving toward the capital.
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Aguila Saleh Issa
as President of the House of Representatives of Libya
| Chairman of the Libyan Presidential Council
| Prime Minister of Libya|