Farid Alakbarli (born 3 January 1964, in Ganja, Azerbaijan; in Azeri - Fərid Ələkbərli; in Russian Фарид Алекперли) is an Azerbaijani scholar, PhD and Professor in history, specialist in the field of history of science, culturology, and medieval medical manuscripts, the head of Department of Information and Translation of the Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, President of the Azerbaijan Association of Medical Historians (AAMH), National Delegate from Azerbaijan to International Society for the History of Medicine (ISHM), author of more than 200 scientific and educational works including 23 books and booklets in Azeri Turkish, Russian, English, German and Italian.

Farid Alakbarli
Farid Alakbarli.jpg
Born
Farid Alakbarov

(1964-01-03) January 3, 1964 (age 55)
Nationality Soviet Union Azerbaijan
Occupationresearcher
TitlePhD, Doctor of Science, Professor
Websitewww.alakbarli.aamh.az

Farid Alakbarli is a significant researcher of the history of medicine in Azerbaijan.[1] In 2005, Farid Alakbarli created the first society on the history of medicine in this country - Azerbaijan Association of Medical Historians (AAMH),[2] and organized in Baku first scientific conferences in this field in 2005 [3] and 2006.[4]

Farid Alakbarli is the author of first books in English on the history of medicine and medical manuscripts in ancient and medieval Azerbaijan [5][6][7] He also is the author of many books in Azeri and Russian, where many problems of the history of medicine and medieval medical manuscripts are researched [8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

In 2004-2005, he was responsible for the Memory of the World Programme of UNESCO in the Institute of Manuscripts in Baku. On 29 July 2005, UNESCO officially included three medieval medical manuscripts from the Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences into the register of the Memory of the World Programme, which includes the most unusual and irreplaceable written monuments of the humankind.[16][17]

In 2011-2013, he was the first Azerbaijani scholar who worked during long time in the Vatican Secret Archives and in Vatican Apostolic Library, where valuable medieval manuscripts related to Azerbaijan were discovered .[18]

Contents

Early life and youthEdit

Farid Alakbarli was born in Ganja, Azerbaijan, and grew up in Baku, where he moved with his family at the age of one. He graduated from the secondary school No 134 (1981), and from Baku State University (1986) [19]

Scientific contributionEdit

Traditional medicineEdit

Based on the study of medieval (10th to 18th centuries) sources in the field of medicine and pharmacy, Farid Alakbarli identified and studied in detail for the first time the concept of health protection, which existed in medieval Azerbaijan. He identified and studied the main features of this concept: health protection through the protection of the environment (air, soil, water), health protection through the proper management of dwellings, healthy living and disease prevention (nutrition, exercise, work and rest, and emotion regulation etc.), disease treatment (medicine and pharmacy). It have been explored and identified 724 species of plants, 150 species of animals, 115 species of minerals used in the traditional medicine of medieval Azerbaijan. It was compiled the list and a detailed systematic review of examined species, and the information on their medicinal properties. information The information on 866 species of multi-component drugs, their classification dosage forms and therapeutic groups was identified and analyzed.[20][21]

In 2004, Farid Alakbarli with a group of colleagues, founded the Azerbaijan Association of Medical Historians (AAMH). It was the first association for the study of the history of medicine in Azerbaijan.[22] Farid Alakbarli was elected the first president of this organization. In the same year, he became the first national representative of Azerbaijan in the International Society for the History of Medicine (ISHM).[23]

Medieval ManuscriptsEdit

Farid Alakbarli attracted to the study more than one hundred medieval manuscripts. As a result, for the first time it was discovered and investigated the following unique manuscripts: "Arvah al-Ajsad" by Kamaladdin Kashani (15th century), "Khirga" by Murtuza Gulu Khan Shamlu (17th century), “Mualijati-munfarida” by Abulhasan Maragi (18th century). Farid Alakbarli translated a number of medieval manuscripts from the Azerbaijani, Arabic and Persian into Russian and English. A Total of 7 books of translations were published in Azeri, Russian and English. Translation of “Tibbname” was published by the St. Petersburg State University. It was the first medieval Azerbaijani treatise on medicine, published in Russian.[24]

Books of Farid Alakbarli about medieval manuscripts of Azerbaijan were published in Italian in 2011 [25] and in English in 2012: "Azerbaijani manuscripts". Text by Farid Alakbarli. Baku, Heydar Aliyev Foundation, 2012.

From 2011 to 2013 Farid Alakbarli conducted research at Vatican libraries where he discovered numerous documents and medieval manuscripts related with Azerbaijan in Arabic, Persian and Turkish (Azeri and Ottoman).[26][27][28]

History and PhilosophyEdit

Farid Alakbarli is the author of the section in a special volume of the Azerbaijan National Encyclopedia, devoted to the history of the development of scientific knowledge in Azerbaijan since ancient times to the beginning of the 20th century.[29]

In 2012 in Moscow, the Rudomino All-Russian Library of Foreign Literature published a collection of selected, including previously unpublished works of the Azerbaijani philosopher and playwright of the 19th century Mirza Fatali Akhund-Zadeh (Akhundov) compiled by Prof. Farid Alakbarli co-authored with Dr. Ilya Zaytsev.[30]

In 2013, in New York, it was published a book "Memories of Baku". The author of the chapter, which tells the history of Baku from ancient times to the beginning of the 20th century, is Farid Alakbarli. The book is richly illustrated with historical photos of Baku of the 19th and early 20th centuries.[31]

Farid Alakbarli is the author of the philosophical book "Between Lie and Truth: Crisis of the Antihumane Civilization" which was published in Baku in Russian (2006)[32] and Azerbaijani (2010) [33]

Selected worksEdit

Books in EnglishEdit

Farid Alakbarli is the author of 12 book in different languages. These are some of them:

"Azerbaijan: medieval manuscripts, history of medicine, medicinal plants". (Baku,2005).[34]

"Medical Manuscripts of Azerbaijan" (Baku, 2006)[35]

Co-author of the book "Memories of Baku" (Edited by Nicolas V. Iljine. Text by Fuad Akhundov, Farid Alakbarli, Farah Aliyeva, Jahangir Selimkhanov, Tadeusz Swietochowski. New-York, Marquand Books, 2013)[36]

Scientific papersEdit

Farid Alakbarli is the author of 150 scientific papers and educational articles. Some of them are cited below.

Alakbarov Farid. Medicinal Properties of Cannabis According to Medieval Manuscripts of Azerbaijan. Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. 1(2), 2001, pp. 3–15.[37]

Alakbarov Farid. Medicinal Plants Used in Medieval Azerbaijan Phytotherapy. Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy, 1(3), 2001, pp. 35–49.

Alakbarov F.U. Aromatic Baths of Ancients. HerbalGram. The Journal of the American Botanical Council and the Herb Research Foundation. #57, 2003, pp. 23–32.[38]

Alakbarli Farid. Systematic Analysis of Animals used in Medieval Azerbaijan Medicine. Vesalius. Official journal of the International Society for the History of Medicine, 2006,XII, I, 3, pp. 18–22 [39]

Edwin D. Lawson, Farid Alakbarli, Richard F. Sheil. Pronunciation and Meaning of Azeri Names, 2006 [40]

Alakbarli Farid, Esmira Hajiyeva. "Tuhfat Al-Muminin" (1669 AD) by Muhammad Mumin as an Important Source on Traditional Islamic Medicine. Journal of the International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine. Vol. 6-7, No. 11-12-13-14, April–October 2007 – 2008, pp. 72–75 [41]

Mohammadali M. Shoja, R. Shane Tubbs, Marios Loukas, Majid Khalili, Farid Alakbarli, Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol. Vasovagal syncope in the Canon of Avicenna: The first mention of carotid artery hypersensitivity. International Journal of Cardiology. ELSEVIER group of journals. 29 May 2009, Vol. 134, Issue 3, Pages 297-301 [42]

Seyed Fazel Hosseini, Farid Alakbarli, Kamyar Ghabili, Mohammadali M Shoja. Hakim Esmail Jorjani (1042-1137 AD): Persian physician and jurist. Archives of gynecology and obstetrics. 10/2010; 284(3):647-50 [43]

Edwin D. Lawson, Farid Alakbarli, Richard F. Sheil. The Mountains (Gorski) Jews of Azerbaijan: their Twenty-Century Naming Patterns. “These are the Names”. Studies in Jewish Onomastics. Vol. 5, Bar-Ilan University Press, Ramat Gan, 2011, p. 158-177

Educational articlesEdit

Alakbarov Farid. The Institute of Manuscripts: Early Alphabets in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 8.1, 2000, pp. 50–53 [44]

Alakbarov Farid. Voices from the Ages: Baku's Institute of Manuscripts. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 8.2, 2000, pp. 50–55 [45]

Alakbarov Farid. Nutrition for Longevity. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 8.3, 2000, pp. 20–24 [46]

Alakbarov Farid. Etiquette: Minding Your "P's and Q's" In Medieval Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 8.3, 2000, pp. 32–36 [47]

Alakbarov Farid. Ancient Wines: Exactly What the Doctor Ordered. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 8.3, 2000, pp. 38–42 [48]

Alakbarov Farid. You Are What You Eat: Islamic Food Practices and Azerbaijani Identity. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 8.3, 2000, pp. 48–52 [49]

Alakbarov Farid and Isgandar Aliyev. Silk Road: Origin of the Mulberry Tree. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 8.3, 2000, pp. 52–55[50]

Alakbarov Farid. Early Practice of Aromatherapy. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 9.1, 2001, pp. 37–40 [51]

Alakbarov Farid. A 13th-Century Darwin? Tusi’s Views on Evolution. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 9.2, 2001, pp. 48–49 [52]

Alakbarov Farid. Writing Azerbaijan’s History. Digging for the Truth. Azerbaijan International Magazine,9.3, 2001, pp. 40–49 [53]

Alakbarov Farid. Baku’s Architecture. Identity Of Architects And Financiers Revealed. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 9.4, 2001, pp. 30–36 [54]

Alakbarov Farid. Koroghlu: Tbilisi Manuscript About Azerbaijani Hero. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 10.1, 2002, pp. 54–58 [55]

Alakbarov Farid. Baku: City That Oil Built. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 10.2, 2002, pp. 28–33 [56]

Alakbarov Farid. Baku’s Old City: Memories of about How It Used to Be. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 10.3, 2002, pp. 38–45 [57]

Alakbarov Farid. Baku’s Institute of Manuscripts. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 10.3, 2002, pp. 45–46 [58]

Alakbarov Farid. Atashgah As Seen By French Writer Alexander Dumas 150 Years Ago. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 11.2, 2003, pp. 52–53[59]

Alakbarov Farid. Azerbaijan – Land of Fire. Observation from the Ancients. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 11.2, 2003, p. 54 [60]

Alakbarov Farid. Music therapy. What Doctors Knew Centuries Ago. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 11.3, 2003, p. 60 [61]

Alakbarli Farid. Cures Through The Ages. Lion Hearts, Rhinoceros Horn and Wolf Paws. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 12.4, 2004, pp. 66–68 [62]

Alakbarli Farid. Childagh. How to Cure a Bad Case of Nerves. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 12.4, 2004pp.68–70 [63]

Alakbarli Farid. Aghakhan Aghabeyli: Azerbaijani genetitist. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 2005, 13.1, p. 28 [64]

Alakbarli Farid. The Science of Genetics under Stalin. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 13.1, 2005, p. 29 [65]

Alakbarli Farid. Water Buffalo in Azerbaijan: Prized for its Milk and meat. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 13.1, 2005, p. 31 [66]

Betty Blair and Alakbarli Farid. Sofi Hamid: Life Mirrored in Pastel Colors. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 13.1, 2005, pp. 40–63 [67]

Alakbarli Farid. Amazons: Legends in History: Fearless Women Warriors in Life and Lore. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 13.1, 2005, pp. 74–77 [68]

Alakbarli Farid. First International Medical Manuscript Conference. Azerbaijan International Magazine, 14.3, 2006, pp. 74–75 [69]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jean Patterson (Spring 2003). "Medieval Secrets of Health Farid Alakbarli: Researching Baku's Medical Manuscripts by". Azer.com. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  2. ^ "Azerbaijan Association of Medical Historians (AAMH)". aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  3. ^ "Materials of the 1st National Conference of The Azerbaijani Society for the History of Medicine "Problems of the History of Medicine in Azerbaijan". Baku, 1-2 February 2005" (PDF). aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  4. ^ "Alakbarli Farid. First International Medical Manuscript Conference". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  5. ^ "Azerbaijan: medieval manuscripts, history of medicine, medicinal plants" (Baku,2005)" (PDF). Alakbarli.aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  6. ^ "Farid Alakbarli. Medical Manuscripts of Azerbaijan. Baku, 2006". Alakbarli.aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  7. ^ Azerbaijani manuscripts. Text by Farid Alakbarli. Baku, Heydar Aliyev Foundation, 2012
  8. ^ "Алекперов Фарид. Тысяча и один секрет Востока. Том 1. Баку, Турал, 2001, 505 C." (PDF). kitabxana.net. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  9. ^ "Алекперли Фарид. Тысяча и один секрет Востока, т.II. Дополненное и исправленное издание. Баку, Нурлан, 2008, 490 С." (PDF). aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  10. ^ Алекперов Ф.У. Сравнительный анализ лекарственных растений средневекового (XIII-XVIII вв.) и современного Азербайджана. Баку, Орнак, 1992, 88 С.
  11. ^ Алекперов Фарид. Охрана здоровья в средневековом (X-XVIII вв) Азербайджане. Баку, Иршад, 1999, 88 С.
  12. ^ Ələkbərоv Fərid. Şərqdə аilə və nikаh. Bаkı, «Turаl» Nəşriyyаt-Pоliqrаfiyа mərkəzi, 2001, 196 s.
  13. ^ Ələkbərоv Fərid. Оrtа əsr əсzаçılıq tеrminləri lüğəti. Bаkı, Mütərсim, 2002, 52 s.
  14. ^ "Ələkbərli Fərid. Şərq təbabətinin min bir sirri. Cild 1-2. Bakı, Məlhəm NPM, 2008". aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  15. ^ Fərid Ələkbərli. Ortaçaq Şərq təbabəti. Bakı, "Elgün", 2013, 320 səh.
  16. ^ "Medieval medical manuscripts from Baku in the Memory of the World Programme of UNESCO". bmijournal.org. 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  17. ^ "Unique Medical Manuscripts from Azerbaijan Have Been Included in the Memory of the World Program of UNESCO". alakbarli.aamh.az. 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  18. ^ "Ancient Azerbaijani manuscripts brought to Baku from Vatican". News.Az. 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  19. ^ "Biography". alakbarli.aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  20. ^ "Blair Betty. The Medical Manuscripts Of Azerbaijan: Unlocking Their Secrets. Azerbaijan International Magazine, #5.2, 1997, pp.51-52". azer.com. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  21. ^ "Farid Alakbarov". science.gov.az. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  22. ^ "The Azerbaijan Assocuation of Medical Historians". alakbarli.aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  23. ^ "International Society for the History of Medicine". bium.univ-paris5.fr. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  24. ^ "Biography". Alakbarli.aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  25. ^ "Manoscritti Azerbaigiani". heydar-aliyev-foundation.org. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  26. ^ "Azerbaijan Receives Ancient Manuscripts From Vatican". Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty. 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  27. ^ "Azerbaijan receives ancient manuscripts from Vatican - AzerNews". Azernews.az. 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  28. ^ "Ancient Azerbaijani manuscripts brought to Baku from Vatican". News.Az. 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  29. ^ "Фарид Алекперли. История науки в Азербайджане. 2007". alakbarli.aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  30. ^ М.Ф.Ахундов. "Человеческий разум - этот божественный дар..." Избранные произведения на русском и азербайджанском языках. Составители: Ф.Алекберли и И.Зайцев. Москва: Центр книги "Рудомино", 2012 г. - 128 С. livelib.ru. ISBN 9785905626388. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  31. ^ Iljine, Nicolas V. (2013). Memories of Baku. ISBN 978-0988227514.
  32. ^ "Алекперли Фарид. Между ложью и истиной: кризис антигуманной цивилизации. Баку, Нурлан, 2006, 112 С." aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  33. ^ Ələkbərli Fərid. Yalanla həqiqət arasında. Antihumanist sivilizasiyanın böhranı. Bakı, Uniprint, 2010, 112 S
  34. ^ "Azerbaijan: medieval manuscripts, history of medicine, medicinal plants" (Baku,2005)" (PDF). Alakbarli.aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  35. ^ "Farid Alakbarli. Medical Manuscripts of Azerbaijan. Baku, 2006". Alakbarli.aamh.az. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  36. ^ Memories of Baku ARTBOOK. Artbook.com. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  37. ^ Farid u. Alakbarov Phd, ScD (March 2001). "Alakbarov Farid. Medicinal Properties of Cannabis According to Medieval Manuscripts of Azerbaijan". Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. 1 (2): 3–14. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.569.9345. doi:10.1300/J175v01n02_02.
  38. ^ "Alakbarov F.U. Aromatic Baths of Ancients". connection.ebscohost.com. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  39. ^ Alakbarli, F (2006). "Systematic Analysis of Animals used in Medieval Azerbaijan Medicine". Vesalius. 12 (1): 18–22. PMID 17153727.
  40. ^ "Edwin D. Lawson, Farid Alakbarli, Richard F. Sheil. Pronunciation and Meaning of Azeri Names". fredonia.edu. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  41. ^ "Alakbarli Farid, Esmira Hajiyeva. "Tuhfat Al-Muminin" (1669 AD) by Muhammad Mumin as an Important Source on Traditional Islamic Medicine" (PDF). ishim.net. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  42. ^ Khalili, Majid; Shoja, Mohammadali M.; Tubbs, R. Shane; Loukas, Marios; Alakbarli, Farid; Newman, Andrew J. (2010). "Vasovagal syncope in the Canon of Avicenna". International Journal of Cardiology. 143 (1): 4–7. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.11.061. PMID 20060606. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  43. ^ Hosseini, SF; Alakbarli, F; Ghabili, K; Shoja, MM (2011). "Hakim Esmail Jorjani (1042-1137 AD)". Arch Gynecol Obstet. 284 (3): 647–50. doi:10.1007/s00404-010-1707-7. PMID 20931210.
  44. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. The Institute of Manuscripts". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  45. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Voices from the Ages: Baku's Institute of Manuscripts". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  46. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Nutrition for Longevity". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  47. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Etiquette: Minding Your "P's and Q's" In Medieval Azerbaijan". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  48. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Ancient Wines". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  49. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. You Are What You Eat". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  50. ^ "Alakbarov Farid and Isgandar Aliyev. Silk Road: Origin of the Mulberry Tree". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  51. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Early Practice of Aromatherapy". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  52. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. A 13th-Century Darwin? Tusi's Views on Evolution". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  53. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Writing Azerbaijan's History". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  54. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Baku's Architecture". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  55. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Koroghlu: Tbilisi Manuscript About Azerbaijani Hero". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  56. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Baku: City That Oil Built". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  57. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Baku's Old City". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  58. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Baku's Institute of Manuscripts". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  59. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Atashgah As Seen By French Writer Alexander Dumas 150 Years Ago". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  60. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Azerbaijan – Land of Fire". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  61. ^ "Alakbarov Farid. Music therapy.What Doctors Knew Centuries Ago". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  62. ^ "Alakbarli Farid. Cures Through The Ages". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  63. ^ "Alakbarli Farid. Childagh. How to Cure a Bad Case of Nerves". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  64. ^ "lakbarli Farid. Aghakhan Aghabeyli: Azerbaijani genetitist". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  65. ^ "Alakbarli Farid. The Science of Genetics under Stalin". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  66. ^ "Alakbarli Farid. Water Buffalo in Azerbaijan". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  67. ^ "ABetty Blair and Alakbarli Farid. Sofi Hamid: Life Mirrored in Pastel Colors". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  68. ^ "Alakbarli Farid. Amazons: Legends in History: Fearless Women Warriors in Life and Lore". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
  69. ^ "Alakbarli Farid. First International Medical Manuscript Conference". azeri.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.

External linksEdit