Town hall and Cathedral
|Subdivisions||City center and 4 districts|
|• Mayor||Matthias Rudolph|
|• Total||70.55 km2 (27.24 sq mi)|
|Elevation||43 m (141 ft)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
The town is situated in the glacial valley (Urstromtal) of the Spree river north of the Rauen Hills, about 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin and 30 km (19 mi) west of Frankfurt (Oder). The district capital Beeskow is about 25 km (16 mi) to the southeast. In the north, the municipal area comprises the village of Trebus. The town is located on the western part of historic Lubusz Land.
The settlement of Furstenwalde in the Margraviate of Brandenburg was first mentioned in a 1272 deed, founded in the course of the German Ostsiedlung migration at a ford across the Spree River, probably near the site of a former Slavic settlement. Lubusz Land had been acquired from Poland by the Ascanian margraves in 1248/49. The town's importance rose as a staple port and terminal of the transportation of goods on the river.
In 1373 Emperor Charles IV, since 1367 also Margrave of adjacent Lower Lusatia campaigned the Brandenburg lands and enforced the renunciation of the Wittelsbach margrave Otto VII of Brandenburg by the Treaty of Fürstenwalde. As also the collegiate church in Lebus was destroyed, Bishop Wenceslaus moved the official seat of the Bishopric of Lebus to Fürstenwalde, where the St Mary's Church was raised to a cathedral.
The last Catholic bishop was Georg von Blumenthal (1490-1550), who was besieged in his palace by Reformist robbers led by Nickel von Minkwitz. The Bishop had to escape through a window in disguise. The bishopric was secularized during the Reformation in 1555, and was completely disbanded at the ascension of Joachim Frederick as Margrave of Brandenburg in 1598.
Recent Population Development and Projections (Population Development before Census 2011 (blue line); Recent Population Development according to the Census in Germany in 2011 (blue bordered line); Official projections for 2005-2030 (yellow line); for 2014-2030 (red line); for 2017-2030 (scarlet line)
- Ernst Laas (1837-1885), pedagogue and philosopher
- Max Valentin (1875-1920), sculptor and architect
- Wilhelm Burgdorf (1895-1945), General of the Infantry
- Wolfgang Götze (born 1937), theoretical physicist
- Hans-Michael Rehberg (1938–2017), actor and film director
- Helmut Panke (born 1946), manager
- Burkhard Reich (born 1964), former footballer
- Karl Friedrich Schulz (1784-1850), Protestant composer and music teacher
- Julius Pintsch (1815-1884), founder of the former industrial company of Fürstenwalde, the Julius Pintsch AG Berlin-Fürstenwalde,
- Axel Schulz (born 1968), former boxer
Seats in the town's assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 local elections:
- "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
- Sophie Wauer, Klaus Müller: "Die Ortsnamen des Kreises Beeskow-Storkow", pp. 226–228
- Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons