Fürstenberg is a town in the Oberhavel district, Brandenburg, Germany.

Fürstenberg
Church in Blumenow
Church in Blumenow
Coat of arms of Fürstenberg
Coat of arms
Location of Fürstenberg within Oberhavel district
Fürstenberg-Havel in OHV.png
Fürstenberg is located in Germany
Fürstenberg
Fürstenberg
Fürstenberg is located in Brandenburg
Fürstenberg
Fürstenberg
Coordinates: 53°11′07″N 13°08′44″E / 53.18528°N 13.14556°E / 53.18528; 13.14556Coordinates: 53°11′07″N 13°08′44″E / 53.18528°N 13.14556°E / 53.18528; 13.14556
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOberhavel
Subdivisions10 districts
Government
 • MayorRobert Philipp (Ind.)
Area
 • Total212.61 km2 (82.09 sq mi)
Elevation
53 m (174 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total5,838
 • Density27/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
16798
Dialling codes033093
Vehicle registrationOHV
Websitewww.fuerstenberg-havel.de

Until 1919, Fürstenberg was part of the former Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

GeographyEdit

 
Stream near Tornow

Fürstenberg is situated on the River Havel, 21 kilometres (13 mi) south of Neustrelitz, and 75 kilometres (47 mi) north of Berlin.

The city lies at the southern edge of the Mecklenburg Lake District and is framed by the Röblinsee, Baalensee, and Schwedtsee lakes. The River Havel splits into several channels as it flows through the town, one of which contains a lock used by vessels navigating the river. The original town site was situated on an island between these channels.

Districts of FürstenbergEdit

Fürstenberg consists of 9 districts:

Fürstenberg PalaceEdit

 
Fürstenberg Palace

North from the center of the city is 'Fürstenberg Palace', which was built between 1741 und 1752 by the architect Christoph Julius Löwe for Dorothea Sophie of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the wife of Adolphus Frederick III, the Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. In World War I and World War II, the palace was used as a hospital.

HistoryEdit

In 1758, the Battle of Tornow was fought near the town between the forces of Prussia and Sweden during the Seven Years' War.

In the Nazi era, Fürstenberg was the site of Ravensbrück concentration camp. A memorial has been raised on the site.

Overrun by the Soviet Army in 1945, post-World War II they established the base of the 2nd Guards Tank Army of the Soviet Forces in Germany. In early 1959, three years before the Cuban Missile Crisis, the site was equipped with six R-5 Pobeda nuclear missiles, capable of launching from a mobile launcher from one of four tennis-court-sized sites capable of handling the larger R-12 Dvina.[2] Similar sites were set up at Vogelsang, Zehdenick and Lychen (1xpad).[3] After the withdrawal of the missiles in September 1959, the site returned to its original purpose as an army base.

Since the formation of the states (German Länder) in the GDR in 1990, Fürstenberg again belongs to the state of Brandenburg, and from 1993 became part of the newly formed district Oberhavel. The Russian Army troops were withdrawn from their former East German bases in 1994.

DemographyEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 4,896—    
1890 5,389+0.64%
1910 5,780+0.35%
1925 7,710+1.94%
1933 8,799+1.67%
1939 9,510+1.30%
1946 12,557+4.05%
1950 12,796+0.47%
1964 10,041−1.72%
1971 9,621−0.61%
1981 8,545−1.18%
1985 8,311−0.69%
1989 7,990−0.98%
1990 7,860−1.63%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 7,716−1.83%
1992 7,654−0.80%
1993 7,647−0.09%
1994 7,607−0.52%
1995 7,630+0.30%
1996 7,531−1.30%
1997 7,473−0.77%
1998 7,403−0.94%
1999 7,348−0.74%
2000 7,220−1.74%
2001 7,117−1.43%
2002 6,966−2.12%
2003 6,870−1.38%
2004 6,792−1.14%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 6,716−1.12%
2006 6,623−1.38%
2007 6,517−1.60%
2008 6,442−1.15%
2009 6,356−1.33%
2010 6,257−1.56%
2011 6,054−3.24%
2012 5,972−1.35%
2013 5,959−0.22%
2014 5,882−1.29%
2015 5,854−0.48%
2016 5,874+0.34%
2017 5,846−0.48%
2018 5,838−0.14%

TransportationEdit

The town lies on the Berlin-Stralsund railway.

Notable residentsEdit

 
Martin Blumner (early photograph)
  • Martin Blumner (1827-1901), composer, conductor and musical theorist
  • Walter Bartel (1904-1992), resistance fighter and historian
  • Elsa Ehrich (1914–1948), Nazi SS concentration camp guard executed for war crimes

Connected to FürstenbergEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ http://wikimapia.org/8018296/F%C3%BCrstenberg-Soviet-Nuclear-Missile-Base-Nuclear-Storage-Bunkers
  3. ^ http://wikimapia.org/10136992/Vogelsang-Soviet-Nuclear-Missile-Launch-Pads
  4. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

GalleryEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Fürstenberg/Havel at Wikimedia Commons