Extreme points of Europe

This is a list of the extreme points of Europe: the geographical points that are higher or farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Europe. Some of these positions are open to debate, as the definition of Europe is diverse.

Extremes of the European continent, including islandsEdit

Southernmost point on the island of Gavdos, Greece

Mainland EuropeEdit


  • Highest point. The highest point is dependent upon the definition of Europe:
    • The Caucasus Mountains watershed divide is the most common definition for the European/Asian border. This places the highest point at Mount Elbrus, Russia (5,642 metres; 18,506 feet), which is 11 km onto the European side of the Caucasus watershed divide.
    • If the Caucasus mountains are excluded, the highest point is Mont Blanc, on the border between France and Italy (4,810 metres; 15,781 feet).
  • Lowest point (natural, with open sky). Caspian Sea shore, Russia (28 metres; 92 feet below sea level).
  • Lowest point (natural, under water). Calypso Deep, Ionian Sea, Greece (5,267 metres; 17,280 feet below sea level).
  • Lowest point (natural, underground). Dependent upon the definition of Europe: either Krubera Cave, Abkhazia, Georgia (2196 metres; 7205 feet below surface) (also the deepest cave in the world)[2] or Lamprechtsofen, Austria (1,632 metres; 5,354 feet below surface).
  • Lowest point (artificial, with open sky). Hambach surface mine (open-pit mine), Germany (293 metres; 961 feet below sea level). Also deepest of the world.
  • Lowest point (artificial, underground). Kola Superdeep Borehole, Russia (12,262 metres; 40,230 feet below surface). Also the deepest artificial point on Earth.

Highest attainable by transportationEdit

  • Cable car (and lift) – Klein Matterhorn, Switzerland (3,883 metres; 12,736 feet)
  • Funicular – Mittelallalin, Switzerland (3,456 metres; 11,339 feet)
  • Train (dead end) – Jungfraujoch, Switzerland (3,454 metres; 11,330 feet)
  • Train (mountain pass) – Bernina Pass, Switzerland (2,253 metres; 7390 feet)[3]
  • Restricted access paved road (dead end) – Veleta (Sierra Nevada), Spain (3,300 metres; 10,827 feet)
  • Paved road (dead end) – Ötztal Glacier Road, Austria (2,830 metres; 9,285 feet)
  • Paved road (mountain pass) – Col de l'Iseran, France (2,770 metres; 9,090 feet)
See also: List of highest paved roads in Europe and List of highest railways in Europe

Lowest attainable by transportationEdit

  • Lowest public tunnel – Eiksund Tunnel, Norway (287 metres (942 ft) below sea level)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ireland, which is part of the European continental shelf and which was connected to the continent by land during the last glacial period, includes points that are further west than Cabo da Roca (see Extreme points of Ireland).


  1. ^ Statistical Account of the British Empire: 1/ by J. R. Macculloch, retrieved 13 May 2014
  2. ^ Klimchouck, Alexander. "The deepest cave in the world (Krubera Cave) became 6 m deeper". speleogenesis.info. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  3. ^ Albula and Bernina lines

External linksEdit