Eutin (German pronunciation: [ɔʏˈtiːn]) is the district capital of Eastern Holstein county located in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein. As of 2015, the town had some 17,000 inhabitants.
|• Mayor||Carsten Behnk (Ind.)|
|• Total||41.4 km2 (16.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||33 m (108 ft)|
|• Density||410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
The name Eutin (originally Utin) is of Slavic origin. Its meaning is not quite clear; it is probably derived from the personal name "Uta". The Slavic Obotrites tribe settled eastern Holstein in the 7th/8th centuries A.D. and built a castle on Pheasant Island in the lake now called the Großer Eutiner See.
The originally Slavonic settlement of Utin was populated in the twelfth century by Dutch settlers. In 1156 Eutin became a market town. Town rights were granted in the year 1257. It later became the seat of the Prince-Bishopric of Lübeck, as Lübeck itself was an imperial free city. When the bishopric was secularized in 1803, Eutin became part of the Duchy of Oldenburg. As a result of the Greater Hamburg Act of 1937, Eutin passed from the Free State of Oldenburg to the Prussian Province of Schleswig-Holstein. After World War II, it became part of the modern Bundesland of Schleswig-Holstein.
Eutin is birthplace of composer Carl Maria von Weber. To honor him, an open-air theater (Freilichtbühne) was built in the park of Eutin Castle in 1951, and operas are performed there in July and August during the Eutin Opera Summer Festival (Eutiner Festspiele). The seating capacity of this open-air venue is about 2000. The festival includes music students in Eutin as well as students from the University of Kansas in Lawrence, Kansas, US, which is the twin city of Eutin.
Eutin hosts an annual Blues Festival (Bluesfest Eutin) at the beginning of summer. Local musicians, as well as up and coming blues artists from around the world, come to play at this three-day outdoor blues festival, which takes place in the market place in the center of town. As the costs are covered by sponsoring, public funding and volunteer helpers, admission is free.
Geography and economyEdit
Eutin is surrounded by a number of lakes of the Holsteinische Schweiz, including the Großer Eutiner See, Kleiner Eutiner See, Kellersee and Ukleisee. Many of the lakes are surrounded by forests. Popular activities on these lakes include boating, canoeing, rowing, swimming, and fishing.
Schleswig-Holstein, particularly Eutin, is known for its numerous rapeseed fields, which are used for biofuel production. Wind turbines are also a common sight in this rural region.
Originally constructed as a fully functioning windmill in 1850 by Carl Friedrich Trahn, Die alte Mühle (the old mill) now serves as a bar and restaurant.
Sons and daughters of the cityEdit
- Tom Buk-Swienty (born 1966) historian, journalist and writer
- Wilhelm Dittmann (1874–1954), politician (USPD / SPD)
- Peter Engel (born 1940), writer
- Vadim Glowna (1941–2012), actor
- Ulf Kämpfer (born 1972), politician (SPD), Lord Mayor in Kiel
- Christian Klees (born 1968), Olympic winner 1996 in Atlanta
- Friedrich Kühn (1889–1944), officer, most recently General of the Panzertruppe
- Heinrich Limpricht (1827–1909), chemist
- Nicholas Mercator, (1620–1697), mathematician, born in Eutin or near Cismar
- Adolf Pansch (1841–1887), anatomist, anthropologist and polar explorer
- Axel Prahl (born 1960), film actor
- Daniel Richter (born 1962), artist
- Johann Friedrich Julius Schmidt (1825–1884), astronomer and geologist
- Ralph Schumacher (born 1964), philosopher and behavioral scientist
- Jonathan Stock (born 1983), journalist
- Peter Thoms (born 1940), actor and jazz musician
- Peter Friedrich Ludwig Tischbein (1813–1883), German chief forester, entomologist and paleontologist
- Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg (1802–1872), philosopher
- Friedrich August Ukert (1780–1851), historian, geographer, librarian
- Lars Unger (born 1972), former footballer
- Stefan Vogenauer (born 1968), legal scientist
- Carl Maria von Weber (1786–1826), composer
- Dirk von Zitzewitz (born 1968), racing driver
- Wincent Weiss (born 1993), singer
Other people who worked in EutinEdit
- Matthias Claudius (1740–1815), poet
- Emanuel Geibel (1815–1884), lyricist
- Lotte Herrlich (1883–1956), (nude) photographer
- Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi (1743–1819), philosopher and writer
- Johann Heinrich Voss (1751–1826), classicist and poet
- Johann Wilhelm Petersen (1649–1727), theologian
- Hans-Heinrich Sievert (1909–1963), athlete and Olympic athlete
- Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein (1751–1829), painter
- Ferdinand Tönnies (1855–1936), sociologist, lived from 1901 to 1921 in the Auguststraße 8 (now Albert-Mahlstedt-Straße)
- Wilhelm Wisser (1843–1935), high school professor and oral researcher
Eutin is twinned with:
Each summer, Lawrence and Eutin take part in an exchange program, where high-school students from Lawrence and college students from the University of Kansas have some weeks in Eutin, while German students from Eutin come to Lawrence to study. The University of Kansas also has established an internship exchange program with Eutin.