The European Rally Championship (officially FIA European Rally Championship) is an automobile rally competition held annually on the European continent and organized by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). The championship has been organized since 1953 and have disputed in different European countries, alternating between rallies on asphalt and gravel. It was the first supranational rally championship that was organized in the world and therefore the oldest one. In 2012 it had 60 editions and in 2013 its was renewed with the merger with the Intercontinental Rally Challenge.

European Rally Championship
ERC logo.png
CategoryR5
Super 2000
Group N
CountryEurope
Inaugural season1953
DriversVaries
TeamsVaries
Drivers' championRussia Alexey Lukyanuk
Official websitefiaerc.com
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

HistoryEdit

The European Rally Championship was first contested in 1953 and in the following year was one of the most prestigious rallying series. However, with the introduction of the World Rally Championship for manufacturers in 1973, and in particular with the drivers' World Championship being contested from 1979 on, the importance of the ERC began to decline.[1]

Over many years, a typical ERC season featured around 40 rallies, and from 1974 on, the rallies were assigned different coefficients (1, 2, 3 or 4) that were multiplied with the championship points. This made it very tedious to follow the championship and keep an overview. Changing the coefficients to 2, 5, 10 and 20 did also not improve the situation. Thus, the ERC was more a series for event organizers than an interesting championship for drivers.[1]

A first improvement was implemented for the 2004 season, where the number of events counting for the European Rally Championship were reduced to those with coefficient 20, while the other rallies became part of regional "European Rally Cups". A ERC season now featured around 10 to 12 events and thus had a clearer structure.[1]

Between 2007 and 2011, the driver had to register for the European championships and thus only registered drivers could score ERC points, keeping the local drivers from taking up all ERC points despite not participating in the championship. The registered drivers were also obligated to contest a minimal number of events.[1]

Since 2013, French-based broadcaster Eurosport is the promoter of ERC, and the Intercontinental Rally Challenge (IRC), previously organized and promoted by Eurosport, was discontinued.

Recent seasonsEdit

2010 seasonEdit

The 2011 ERC season featured 11 rallies. Luca Rossetti was the winner of 4 events and won the championship.

2011 seasonEdit

The 2011 ERC season started on 14 April 2011 and featured 11 rallies. It ended on 29 October with the Rallye International du Valais. Italian driver Luca Rossetti claimed his third European championship title after winning 5 of the events. In total, 28 registered drivers from 7 different countries competed in the championship.

2012 seasonEdit

The 2012 season started in January with a new event, the "Jänner Rallye" in Austria. As an important change, drivers no longer had to register for the championship. Finnish driver Juho Hänninen won the championship.

2013 seasonEdit

The 2013 season is the first after the merger between IRC and the old ERC, and also the first after Eurosport became the championship's promoter. The season started with the Jänner Rallye in Austria on 3 January 2013, and ended with the Rallye du Valais on 9 November. Czech driver Jan Kopecký won the championship.

2014 seasonEdit

The 2014 season started with the Jänner Rallye in Austria on 3 January 2014, and ended with the Tour de Corse on 8 November. Finnish driver Esapekka Lappi won the championship and the new Asphalt Masters trophy, while polish drivers Robert Kubica and Kajetan Kajetanowicz won the Ice Masters and Gravel Masters, respectively. French driver Stéphane Lefebvre won the ERC Junior championship.

2015 seasonEdit

The season started with the Jänner Rallye in Austria on 4 January 2015, and ended with the Rallye International du Valais on 7 November. For this year the drivers had to register for the championship, and the categories have been renamed into ERC 1 (for S2000, R5 and RRC (last year) cars), ERC 2 (category for R4 production cars (previously titled N4)) and ERC 3 (for R1, R2 and R3 cars). Polish driver Kajetan Kajetanowicz won the championship.

ChampionsEdit

 
1965 champion Rauno Aaltonen, 1968 champion Pauli Toivonen and Timo Mäkinen
Season Driver Car
1953   Helmut Polensky Porsche 356 Coupé
Fiat 1100
1954   Walter Schlüter DKW 3=6 F91 Sonderklasse
1955   Werner Engel Mercedes-Benz 300 SL
1956   Walter Schock Mercedes-Benz 220
Mercedes-Benz 300 SL
1957   Ruprecht Hopfen Borgward Isabella
Saab 93
1958   Gunnar Andersson Volvo PV444
Volvo PV544
1959   Paul Coltelloni Alfa Romeo Giulietta TI
Citroën ID 19
1960   Walter Schock Mercedes-Benz 220 SE
1961   Hans-Joachim Walter Porsche 356 Carrera Coupé
1962   Eugen Böhringer Mercedes-Benz 220 SE
1963   Gunnar Andersson Volvo 122 S
Volvo PV544
1964   Tom Trana Volvo PV544 S
1965   Rauno Aaltonen BMC Mini Cooper S
1966 G1   Lillebror Nasenius Opel Rekord
G2   Sobiesław Zasada BMC Mini Cooper S
Steyr-Puch 650 TR
G3   Günter Klass Porsche 911
1967 G1   Sobiesław Zasada Porsche 911 S
Porsche 912
G2   Bengt Söderström Lotus Cortina
G3   Vic Elford Porsche 911 S
1968   Pauli Toivonen Porsche 911 T
1969   Harry Källström Lancia Fulvia Coupé 1.3 HF
Lancia Fulvia Coupé 1.6 HF
1970   Jean-Claude Andruet Alpine A110 1600
1971   Sobiesław Zasada BMW 2002 TI
1972   Raffaele Pinto Fiat 124 Sport Spider
1973   Sandro Munari Lancia Fulvia Coupé 1.6 HF
1974   Walter Röhrl Opel Ascona A
1975   Maurizio Verini Fiat Abarth 124 Rally
1976   Bernard Darniche Lancia Stratos HF
1977   Bernard Darniche Lancia Stratos HF
1978   Tony Carello Lancia Stratos HF
1979   Jochi Kleint Opel Ascona B
Opel Kadett GT/E
1980   Antonio Zanini Porsche 911 SC
Ford Escort RS1800
1981   Adartico Vudafieri Fiat 131 Abarth
1982   Antonio Fassina Opel Ascona 400
1983   Miki Biasion Lancia Rally 037
1984   Carlo Capone Lancia Rally 037
1985   Dario Cerrato Lancia Rally 037
1986   Fabrizio Tabaton Lancia Delta S4
1987   Dario Cerrato Lancia Delta HF 4WD
1988   Fabrizio Tabaton Lancia Delta HF 4WD
Lancia Delta Integrale
1989   Yves Loubet Lancia Delta Integrale
1990   Robert Droogmans Lancia Delta Integrale 16V
1991   Piero Liatti Lancia Delta Integrale 16V
1992   Erwin Weber Mitsubishi Galant VR-4
1993   Pierre-César Baroni Lancia Delta HF Integrale
Ford Escort RS Cosworth
1994   Patrick Snijers Ford Escort RS Cosworth
1995   Enrico Bertone Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD
1996   Armin Schwarz Toyota Celica GT-Four ST205
1997   Krzysztof Hołowczyc Subaru Impreza 555
1998   Andrea Navarra Subaru Impreza 555
1999   Enrico Bertone Renault Mégane Maxi
2000   Henrik Lundgaard Toyota Corolla WRC
2001   Armin Kremer Toyota Corolla WRC
2002   Renato Travaglia Peugeot 206 WRC
2003   Bruno Thiry Peugeot 206 WRC
2004   Simon Jean-Joseph Renault Clio S1600
2005   Renato Travaglia Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution VII
Renault Clio S1600
2006   Giandomenico Basso Fiat Punto Abarth S2000
2007   Simon Jean-Joseph Citroën C2 S1600
Citroën C2 R2
2008   Luca Rossetti Peugeot 207 S2000
2009   Giandomenico Basso Abarth Grande Punto S2000
2010   Luca Rossetti Abarth Grande Punto S2000
2011   Luca Rossetti Abarth Grande Punto S2000
2012   Juho Hänninen Škoda Fabia S2000
2013   Jan Kopecký Škoda Fabia S2000
2014   Esapekka Lappi Škoda Fabia S2000
2015   Kajetan Kajetanowicz Ford Fiesta R5
2016   Kajetan Kajetanowicz Ford Fiesta R5
2017   Kajetan Kajetanowicz Ford Fiesta R5
2018   Alexey Lukyanuk Ford Fiesta R5

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "The history of the European Rally Championship". European Rally Championship. Retrieved 20 April 2011.

External linksEdit