Et uxor is a Latin phrase meaning "and wife", commonly abbreviated "et ux." The term is a legal phrase that is used in lieu of naming the female spouse of a male party to litigation, for example Loving et ux. v. Virginia. The term remains in contemporary use in American legal documents, especially as related to property and marriage. Many older property deeds list the owners in the form "John Smith et ux." In the present day, most jurisdictions would indicate both the husband and wife by name.