Enrico Fermi Prize
The Enrico Fermi Prize, first awarded in 2001, is given by the Italian Physical Society (Società Italiana di Fisica). It is a yearly award of EUR 30,000 honoring one or more Members of the Society who have "particularly honoured physics with their discoveries."^{[1]}^{[2]}
RecipientsEdit
Year | Winner | Recognition |
---|---|---|
2018 | Federico Capasso | for seminal contributions to the physics of electronic and optical materials and their applications, ranging from the invention of the quantum cascade laser to the design of novel semiconductor materials, including metasurfaces |
Lev Pitaevskii | for his longstanding contribution to theoretical physics, including the study of superfluidity in liquid helium and of Van der Waals-Casimir forces, as well as for the development of the Gross-Pitaevskii theory which is a fundamental block of the physics of quantum gases | |
Erio Tosatti | for fundamental theoretical contributions aimed to understand the optical properties of solids, in particular of surface and transport phenomena, even in extreme conditions of dimensional confinement, high temperature and pressure | |
2017 | Gianpaolo Bellini | for the measurement of the solar neutrino spectrum, providing the evidence for nuclear hydrogen fusion in the sun and for adiabatic neutrino flavour conversion in matter |
Veniamin Berezinsky | for his theoretical contributions to the cosmogenic production of ultra-high energy neutrinos, to high energy neutrino astronomy and to the solar neutrino problem | |
Till Kirsten | for the first observation of low energy solar electron neutrinos providing the first direct evidence of hydrogen fusion inside a star | |
2016 | Barry Barish | for his fundamental contributions to the formation of the scientific collaborations LIGO and LIGO-Virgo and for his role in addressing various technological and scientific challenges whose solution led to the first detection of gravitational waves |
Adalberto Giazotto^{[3]} | for his decisive contributions in conceiving and realising the first interferometer with super-attenuators, Virgo, which made possible the quest for gravitational wave sources with an unprecedented sensitivity at low frequency | |
2015 | Toshiki Tajima | for the invention of the laser-wakefield-acceleration technique which led to a large number of fundamental and interdisciplinary applications ranging from accelerator science to plasma physics and astrophysics |
Diederik Wiersma | for the first observation of Anderson localisation and of anomalous transport phenomena described by Lévy statistics in the framework of his highly original research on light propagation in disordered media | |
2014 | Federico Faggin | for the invention of the MOS silicon gate technology that led him to the realization in 1971 of the first modern microprocessor |
2013 | Pierluigi Campana | for the outstanding results that the five large international collaboration experiments at the CERN LHC collider – LHCb, TOTEM, ATLAS, ALICE, CMS – have achieved during the first period of LHC data taking under the successful guidance of the awardees as spokespersons |
Simone Giani | ||
Fabiola Gianotti | ||
Paolo Giubellino | ||
Guido Tonelli | ||
2012 | Roberto Car | for the discovery of a molecular dynamics method known the world over as the Car-Parrinello method. This method has been a breakthrough in the field of numerical simulations, with great impact in many interdisciplinary contexts both theoretical and experimental, ranging from material science to chemistry and biology |
Michele Parrinello | ||
2011 | Dieter Haidt | for their fundamental contribution to the discovery of the weak neutral currents with the Gargamelle bubble chamber at CERN |
Antonino Pullia | ||
2010 | Enrico Costa | for the discovery of the X-ray afterglow of gamma-ray burst with the BeppoSAX satellite |
Filippo Frontera | ||
Francesco Iachello | for his contribution to the theory of atomic nuclei and, in particular, for the discovery of a rich variety of dynamical symmetries and supersymmetries | |
2009 | Dimitri Nanopoulos | for the discovery of fundamental phenomenological properties of grand unification and superstring theories |
Miguel Ángel Virasoro | for the discovery of an infinite-dimensional algebra of primary importance for the construction of string theories | |
2008 | Giulio Casati | for his understanding of the relationship between classical and quantum chaos also in relation to quantum computing |
Luigi Lugiato | for the discovery of instability-driven structures in non linear light-matter interactions | |
Luciano Pietronero | for demonstrating the onset of fractal shapes in a variety of self-organizing phenomena | |
2007 | Milla Baldo-Ceolin | for her outstanding works on K-meson and neutrino physics |
Ettore Fiorini | for his contribution to the discovery of weak neutral currents and to the study of solar neutrinos | |
Italo Mannelli | for the demonstration of direct CP symmetry breaking in the K-meson decay | |
2006 | Giorgio Careri | for the discovery of quantum vortices in superfluid helium |
Tito Arecchi | for the first experimental demonstration of the statistical properties of coherent radiation | |
2005 | Sergio Ferrara | for his contribution to the discovery of the theory of supergravity |
Gabriele Veneziano | for his discovery of dual models, subsequently acknowledged as the theoretical basis for a string theory of quantum gravity'' | |
Bruno Zumino | for his contributions to supersymmetry and supergravity theories | |
2004 | Massimo Inguscio | for his contributions to the study of atomic Bose-Einstein condensates, in particular for the realization of degenerate quantum mixtures of bosons and fermions, and the invention of new experimental techniques that allowed him to obtain the first Bose-Einstein condensation of ^{41}K atoms |
2003 | Nicola Cabibbo | for his theory of down- and strange-quark mixing in weak decays, in which the well-known parameter called "Cabibbo angle" plays a key role |
Raoul Gatto | for his pioneering works in the field of strange-particle weak decays and for his role of leader in this fundamental field of subnuclear physics | |
Luciano Maiani | for having introduced, together with S. Glashow and J. Iliopoulos, the so-called GIM mechanism which, predicting the existence of the fourth quark, allowed to solve the problem of flavour-changing neutral currents | |
2002 | Giorgio Parisi | for his contributions to field theory and statistical mechanics, and in particular for his fundamental results concerning the statistical properties of disordered systems |
2001 | Antonino Zichichi | for his discovery of the first example of nuclear antimatter (the antideuteron) and for his works that paved the way to the discovery of the charged heavy lepton |
ReferencesEdit
- ^ "Italian Physical Society "Enrico Fermi" Prize".
- ^ "Italians awarded "Enrico Fermi" Prize".
- ^ "2016 Enrico Fermi Prize". Società Italiana di Fisica.