Engelsbrand is a municipality in the district of Enz in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is home to the luxury watchmaker Stowa. It contains the villages of Engelsbrand, Salmbach, and Grunbach.

Engelsbrand
Coat of arms of Engelsbrand
Coat of arms
Location inside Enzkreis
Engelsbrand im Enzkreis.png
Engelsbrand is located in Germany
Engelsbrand
Engelsbrand
Engelsbrand is located in Baden-Württemberg
Engelsbrand
Engelsbrand
Coordinates: 48°49′48″N 08°39′00″E / 48.83000°N 8.65000°E / 48.83000; 8.65000Coordinates: 48°49′48″N 08°39′00″E / 48.83000°N 8.65000°E / 48.83000; 8.65000
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictEnzkreis
Government
 • MayorThomas Keller
Area
 • Total15.19 km2 (5.86 sq mi)
Elevation
587 m (1,926 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total4,416
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
75331
Dialling codes07235 / 07082
Websitewww.engelsbrand.de

HistoryEdit

The three villages of Engelsbrand, Salmbach, and Grunbach were founded in the 11th or 12th centuries Waldhufendorf as part of the settling of the area around Hirsau Abbey. The first documentation of the communities occurred on 24 July 1404, when canons from Brötzingen requested the separation of several villages, including the Engelsbrand three, from Brötzingen for the formation of a new parish in Langenbrand. This application was approved on 10 September of the same year, making Engelsbrand subservient to the Count of Württemberg.

The Engelsbrand three were struck with plague and frequently sacked during the Thirty Years' War, the reign of Louis XIV of France, and the Coalition Wars. In 1807, the three villages were assigned to the Calw Oberamt, a province of the Kingdom of Württemberg. Three years later, they were assigned to the Neuenbürg Oberamt, which both came under the Schwarzwaldkreis in 1817.

Coat of armsEdit

 
Engelsbrand's coat of arms since 1984

The coat of arms of Engelsbrand shows a holly leaf with two berries and a burning log over a white field divided by an oblique and wavering blue band, combining the coats of arms of the three villages in the municipality. A first draft of this coat of arms, commemorating the merger of Engelsbrand, Grunbach, and Salmbach into one municipality on 1 January 1975, was authorized for use by the Enzkreis district office on 20 December 1984. The blue band is taken from Grunbach and Salmbach, as is the holly leaf that symbolizes the flora of the Black Forest, while the burning log, representing forest-clearing activities by medieval farmers, is from Engelsbrand proper.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ "Engelsbrand". leo-bw.de (in German). Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 25 April 2018.