Emme (river)

The Emme is a river in Switzerland. It rises in the Alps between the peaks of Hohgant and Augstmatthorn in the canton of Bern. The Emme is 80 km (50 miles) long and flows through the Emmental and into the Aare below Solothurn. The drainage area is 983 km² (380 sq. mi.). The average discharge at the mouth is approximately 20,000 litres (5,000 gallons) per second. The maximum discharge can be up to 500,000 litres (110,000 gallons) per second.

Emme bei Schüpbach.jpg
The Emme near Schüpbach
Emme (rivière).png
Physical characteristics
 • coordinates
47°13′07″N 7°34′17″E / 47.2186°N 7.5713°E / 47.2186; 7.5713Coordinates: 47°13′07″N 7°34′17″E / 47.2186°N 7.5713°E / 47.2186; 7.5713
Basin features
ProgressionAareRhineNorth Sea

The Emme is known for its sudden variations in water discharge. The narration Die Wassernot im Emmental (The Water Crisis in the Emmen Valley) by Jeremias Gotthelf impressively describes a very large and destructive, and therefore well-known, flood which occurred August 13, 1837. This and other floods led to the building of numerous canals and dams in the 19th century.

The tributaries of the Emme are the Ilfis and the Limpach.

See alsoEdit