Elyria (// ə-LEER-ee-ə) is a city in the Greater Cleveland metropolitan statistical area and the county seat of Lorain County, Ohio, United States, located at the forks of the Black River in Northeast Ohio 23 miles southwest of Cleveland. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 54,533. The city is home to Lorain County Community College.
|City of Elyria|
clockwise from top left: Ely Square Gazebo; Western Falls of Cascade; Old Courthouse; Ely Square Cannon; Hickories Museum.
Location of Elyria in Lorain County and state of Ohio
|• Type||Mayor - Council|
|• Mayor||Frank Whitfield|
|• Total||20.76 sq mi (53.78 km2)|
|• Land||20.50 sq mi (53.10 km2)|
|• Water||0.26 sq mi (0.67 km2)|
|Elevation||715 ft (218 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,621.91/sq mi (1,012.31/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
44035, 44036, 44039, 44074
|GNIS feature ID||1040177|
The village of Elyria was officially founded in 1817 by Heman Ely, who built a log house, dam, gristmill and sawmill on the village's site along the Black River. Ely began to build more houses to accommodate European-American settlers migrating to what was, at that time, within Huron County, Ohio. By the time Ely died in 1852, Elyria had five churches, three grocery stores, three flour mills, a newspaper, and a population of more than 1,500. Early postal service from Cleveland was provided by Artemis Beebe, a rider who held the first contract to deliver mail across this section of the Black River.
By the turn of the 20th century, Elyria was a town of about 8,000. In 1908, Elyria Memorial Hospital was built. It has since evolved into an award-winning regional healthcare system. In the first half of the 20th century, the town developed some manufacturing, as well as a range of retail businesses.
In August 1967, at the peak of Elyria's population, Midway Mall was opened. It changed the local economy by attracting local businesses from the town center or causing so much competition they went out of business. Industrial restructuring meant that good jobs left the area, and poverty increased. Three major car plant closings in the area lead to economic stagnation and joblessness in the 1970s and 1980s that affected numerous communities. The region was nicknamed "the Rustbelt," suggesting the decline of its former industries.
In the 1990s, Elyria experienced a minor revival with construction of some new roads and housing. It serves as a residential, suburban "bedroom community" for Cleveland, located to the east, where new businesses and industries are developing with an increase in new jobs.
Hard times and new ideas have hit Elyria as the 2000s and 2010s rolled on, as industries such as Bendix, Riddell, and 3M are taking their business elsewhere, outside the city. To prepare for this hit, in March 2016, voters passed Issue 6, which was a 0.5% increase on the city's income tax, which was passed to pay for police expenses, as well as other things such as parks and Fiberoptic Internet throughout the city. With the Reconstruction of State Route 57 on the city's Northwest Side by Midway Mall, traffic flow has been greatly improved and there are minor revivals in the area such as new hotels and even hopes that a buyer will revitalize the area, with plans having even been presented. Revitalization efforts for Downtown Elyria continue through the efforts of groups such as Invest Elyria, Main Street Elyria, and in general the citizens. The historic Lorain County Courthouse is also being renovated to suit it for use once again, and a few buildings are even being reconstructed, and a few new ones also being constructed. There are plans for multiple small businesses and restaurants to go in to the downtown area over the next few years as of April 2017, and the city is showing signs of hope and revival, as its residents give the effort to restore the city to its peak days of the early to mid-1900s. In 2017, Elyria celebrated its 200th Birthday.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.84 square miles (53.98 km2), of which 20.57 square miles (53.28 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2) is water.
The Black River flows through Elyria.
As of the census of 2010, there were 54,533 people, 22,400 households, and 14,093 families living in the city. The population density was 2,651.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,023.6/km2). There were 25,085 housing units at an average density of 1,219.5 per square mile (470.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.1% White, 15.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.9% of the population.
There were 22,400 households, of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.5% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the city was 38.1 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.8% were from 45 to 64; and 14.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 55,953 people, 22,409 households, and 14,834 families living in the city. The population density was 2,813.7 people per square mile (1,086.2/km2). There were 23,841 housing units at an average density of 1,198.9 per square mile (462.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.3% White, 14.2% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 2.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.78% of the population.
There were 22,409 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,156, and the median income for a family was $45,846. Males had a median income of $34,898 versus $24,027 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,344. About 9.5% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
Elyria is served by University Hospitals Elyria Medical Center. Neighborhoods are spread throughout all areas of the city, with most neighborhoods being traditional. Most housing developments are on the far east-side of the city.
Parks and RecreationEdit
Elyria has a large number of parks and recreational centers that include a variety of activities such as baseball, playground equipment. The four recreational centers are named after their location on the map - North, East, South, and West. They each include one or more baseball fields and at least two tennis courts. There are two main parks, Cascade and Elywood, which are connected by a drive-on ford in the center. The Lorain County Metro Parks took over control of Cascade Park in late 2014, and has unveiled a master plan project throughout 2018 to restore the park for better and safer use, as well as maintain the park.
Cascade Park is the largest and most popular park in Elyria. The park is located in a ravine carved by the same glaciers that created the Great Lakes. Cascade park has a large playground and a large hill that was previously used for seating at the 4th of July fireworks show, and was a popular spot for sledding during winter months. The park is centered along the Black River.
The park used to have three captive black bears, held in cages attached to a rock. Bears were featured in the park from 1920 to 1980.
Elyria is home to many businesses and several worldwide headquarters. Invacare, Ridge Tool Company, Diamond Products, Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems, and EMC Precision Machining are all headquartered in Elyria. Riddell previously operated a factory in Elyria. Elyria Plating Corporation has been in the same location since 1937.
According to the city's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|1||Lorain County Community College||1,965|
|2||UH Elyria Medical Center||1,934|
|4||Elyria City School District||961|
|6||Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC||682|
|8||Ridge Tool Company||573|
|9||City of Elyria||566|
|10||Parker Hannifin Corporation||348|
Elyria has a large number of public and private schools including Elyria High School. The Elyria City Schools district consisted at one time two high schools, five junior high schools, nine elementary schools, and one kindergarten school. Elyria is also home to Elyria Catholic High School. In 2010 Elyria High School was torn down for plans to build a new one. The building was fully completed during the 2012–2013 school year. Elyria is also home to the Open Door Christian School.
The general airport for Elyria and Lorain is the Lorain County Regional Airport (located in New Russia Township), and Cleveland Hopkins International Airport is the nearest major airport. The Elyria Amtrak Station provides train transportation. Greyhound bus service is also available in the city.
Elyria in popular cultureEdit
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The film Take Shelter includes a scene in which Michael Shannon enters the Elyria Main branch library and looks for books. The character of Officer Richard Lymangood, in the film Blue Thunder, was born in Elyria, according to the helicopter terminal database. In the 2015 film The Bronze starring Melissa Rauch, Midway Mall was used for a number of scenes with Elyria residents as extras in the film. It is also home to a yearly charity event: The Elyria Superhero Weekend where local businesses hosted by Atlas Cinema Midway Mall 8, Keith's Comics, Super Heroes To Kids In Ohio and the Mayor's Office participate in a citywide free event for local and Cleveland area residents which was started in 2012. The event promotes literacy through comic books, community unity and works to help children suffering from illness. The event is centered on whichever super hero comic book film comes out the same weekend as Free Comic Book Day and is split between a number of days during that period. The first day being at Altas cinema, the 2nd in Ely Square and at Keith's Comics in downtown Elyria. The Elyria Public Library, Elyria Comic Book Initiative and The Gathering Community Church among many other notable Elyria organizations and businesses have contributed during the growth of the event.
- D. C. Anderson, stage actor
- Sherwood Anderson, writer, lived here as business owner in early 1900s before abandoning it in 1912
- Wayne Barlow, composer (1912–1996)
- Tianna Bartoletta, track and field athlete (2005 and 2015 World Championship long jump gold medalist, 2012 and 2016 Olympic 4x100 relay gold medalist, 2016 long jump gold medalist)
- Keefe Brasselle, actor, title role of 1953 movie The Eddie Cantor Story
- Joseph M. Bryan, insurance executive and philanthropist
- Thelma Drake, politician
- Lynn Evans of The Chordettes
- Jackson C. Frank, folk singer/songwriter
- Arthur Lovett Garford, padded bicycle seat inventor and automobile manufacturer
- Doug Gillard, musician and songwriter, lead guitarist for Guided by Voices
- Kareem Hunt, current player for the Cleveland Browns
- Vic Janowicz, former baseball and football player, 1950 Heisman Trophy winner
- Herbert Fisk Johnson Sr., CEO of S. C. Johnson & Son
- Samuel Curtis Johnson Sr., founder of S. C. Johnson & Son
- Anodea Judith, author, therapist, public speaker and expert on Chakra system
- James Kirkwood Jr., playwright, author and actor, lived here during childhood; won Tony Award for book of A Chorus Line
- Eric Lauer, baseball player
- Lila Lee (1905-1973), actress from silent era; buried in Brookdale Cemetery in Elyria
- Robert Edwin Lee, playwright and lyricist
- Brianne McLaughlin, attended Elyria Catholic High School, ice hockey goaltender, Olympic medal winner (2010 and 2014)
- Les Miles, former LSU Tigers head football coach
- Haruki Nakamura, professional football player
- Danny Noble, professional football player for Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- Dav Pilkey, author of children's books
- Tim Rattay, professional football player
- Clayton Rawson, mystery writer, editor, and amateur magician
- Charles Roser, real estate developer: developed Roser Park and Anna Maria, businessman and philanthropist.
- Chad Szeliga, drummer for Breaking Benjamin
- Textbeak, DJ and record producer
- Steve Tovar, professional football player
- Charles Vinci Jr., weightlifter, Olympic champion in 1956
- Victoria Wells Wulsin, born in town, became doctor and international epidemiologist
- Norma Jean Wright, former lead singer for band CHIC
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- Mancine, Benjamin (2004). Elyria in Vintage Postcards. Chicago, Illinois: Arcadia Publishing. p. 104. ISBN 9780738532707.
- "City of Elyria CAFR" (PDF). cityofelyria.org. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
- Roberson, Lisa (8-7-2012). "Demolition to begin Monday at Elyria High School". The Chronicle Telegram. Check date values in:
- "Lorain County Transit (LCT)". www.loraincounty.us. Elyria, OH: Lorain County Commissioners (ARR). Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- "Lorain County Transit - Home | Facebook". facebook.com. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- "Lorain County Regional Airport". www.loraincounty.us. Elyria, OH. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
The airport facility is managed by MRK Aviation, Inc. (2018)
- "CLE Going Places | Cleveland Hopkins Airport". clevelandairport.com. Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Airport System. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- "Amtrak - Elyria, OH (ELY)". trainweb.org. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- "Elyria, OH (ELY) | Amtrak". www.amtrak.com. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
Train Station - Platform only (no shelter), Elyria is famous for its charming central square and popular Apple Festival.
- "Elyria OH Bus Station | Greyhound". locations.greyhound.com. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- "Greyhound Bus Lines in Elyria , OH". yellowpages.com. DexYP. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
40 East Ave, Elyria, OH 44035 (800) 231-2222
- "Midview graduate Eric Lauer stars in Cape Cod". Morning Journal. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
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|Wikisource has the text of The New Student's Reference Work article "Elyria, Ohio".|
- Elyria travel guide from Wikivoyage