Elections in Madhya Pradesh

Elections in Madhya Pradesh, a state in India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Madhya Pradesh creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.IN-MP.svg

Main Political Parties Over The YearsEdit

While some parties are currently active in the politics of Madhya Pradesh, some have been dissolved.

Sr.No. Party Status Abbreviation & Color
1. Indian National Congress Active INC
2. Bharatiya Janata Party Active BJP
3. Bahujan Samaj Party Active BSP
4. Samajwadi Party Active SP
5. Bharatiya Jana Sangh Dissolved BJS
6. Janata Party Dissolved JP
7. Janata Dal Dissolved JD
8. Swatantra Party Dissolved SWA
9. Bharatiya Lok Dal Dissolved BLD
10. Communist Party of India Active CPI
11. Communist Party of India (Marxist) Active CPI(M)
12. Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad Dissolved RRP
13. Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party Dissolved KMPP
14. Gondwana Ganatantra Party Active GGP
15. Samyukta Socialist Party Dissolved SSP
16. Samyukta Vidhayak Dal Dissolved SVD

Lok Sabha ElectionsEdit

Lok Sabha Year Total Seats INC BJP Others PM elect PM's Party
1. 1951 29 28 - - Jawaharlal Nehru INC
2. 1957 35 34 -
Party name Seats won
HMS 1
Jawaharlal Nehru INC
3. 1962 36 24 -
Party name Seats won
BJS 3
PSP 3
Jawaharlal Nehru INC
4. 1967 37 25 -
Party name Seats won
BJS 10
SWA 1
IND 1
Indira Gandhi INC
5. 1971 37 21 -
Party name Seats won
BJS 11
IND 4
Indira Gandhi INC
6. 1977 40 1 -
Party name Seats won
JP 38
IND 1
Morarji Desai JP
7. 1980 40 35 -
Party name Seats won
JP 4
Indira Gandhi INC
8. 1984 40 40 0 - Rajiv Gandhi INC
9. 1989 38 8 27
Party name Seats won
JD 3
V. P. Singh JD
10. 1991 40 27 12
Party name Seats won
BSP 1
P. V. Narasimha Rao INC
11. 1996 40 8 27
Party name Seats won
BSP 2
Atal Bihari Vajpayee BJP
12. 1998 40 10 30 - Atal Bihari Vajpayee BJP
13. 1999 40 11 29 - Atal Bihari Vajpayee BJP
14. 2004 29 4 25 - Manmohan Singh INC
15. 2009 29 12 16
Party name Seats won
BSP 1
Manmohan Singh INC
16. 2014 29 2 27 - Narendra Modi BJP
17. 2019 29 1 28 - Narendra Modi BJP

From 1989 to 2000Edit

Total Seats- 40

Lok Sabha Election Year 1st Party 2nd Party 3rd Party Others Prime Minister PM's Party
9th Lok Sabha 1989 BJP 27 INC 8 JD 3 Ind 1 V. P. Singh JD
1990 Chandra Shekhar SJP
10th Lok Sabha 1991 INC 27 BJP 12 BSP 1 P.V. Narasimha Rao INC
11th Lok Sabha 1996 BJP 27 INC 8 BSP 2 AIIC(T) 1,

MPVC 1, Ind 1

Atal Bihari Vajpayee BJP
1996 H.D. Deve Gowda JD
1997 I.K. Gujral
12th Lok Sabha 1998 BJP 30 INC 10 Atal Bihari Vajpayee BJP
13th Lok Sabha 1999 BJP 29 INC 11

After 2000Edit

Total Seats- 29

Lok Sabha Election Year 1st Party 2nd Party 3rd Party Prime Minister PM's Party
14th Lok Sabha 2004 BJP 25 INC 4 Manmohan Singh INC
15th Lok Sabha 2009 BJP 16 INC 12 BSP 1
16th Lok Sabha 2014 BJP 27 INC 2 Narendra Modi BJP
17th Lok Sabha 2019 BJP 28 INC 1

Vidhan Sabha electionsEdit

Colour key for parties
  BJP
  INC
  JP
  SVD
LA Year Total Seats INC BJP Others Chief Minister Party
1. 1952 232 194 -
Party name Seats won
KMPP 8
RRP 3
SP 2
SKP 2
IND 23
Chief Minister Tenure
Ravishankar Shukla 1 November 1956 - 31 December 1956
Bhagwantrao Mandloi 1 January 1957- 30 January 1957
Kailash Nath Katju 31 January 1957 - 11 March 1962
INC
2. 1957 288 232 -
Party name Seats won
PSP 12
BJS 10
HM 7
RRP 5
CPI 2
IND 20
Kailash Nath Katju INC
3. 1962 [1] 288 142 -
Party name Seats won
JS 41
PSP 33
SOC 14
RRP 10
HM 6
SWA 2
CPI 1
IND 39
Chief Minister Tenure
Bhagwantrao Mandloi 12 March 1962 - 29 September 1963
Dwarka Prasad Mishra 31 September 1963 - 8 March 1967
INC
4. 1967* 296 167 -
Party name Seats won
BJS 78
SWA 7
SSP 10
Chief Minister Tenure
Govind Narayan Singh 30 July 1967 - 12 March 1969
Nareshchandra Singh 13 March 1969 - 25 March 1969
Shyama Charan Shukla 26 March 1969 - 28 January 1972
SVD
5. 1972 296 220 -
Party name Seats won
BJS 48
SSP 7
CPI 3
IND 18
Chief Minister Tenure
Prakash Chandra Sethi 29 January 1972 - 22 December 1975
Shyama Charan Shukla 23 December 1975 - 29 April 1977
INC
6. 1977 320 84 -
Party name Seats won
JP 230
RRP 1
IND 5
Chief Minister Tenure
Kailash Joshi 24 June 1977 - 17 January 1978
Virendra Kumar Saklecha 18 January 1978 - 19 January 1980
Sundar Lal Patwa 20 January 1980 - 17 February 1980
JP
7. 1980 320 246 60
Party name Seats won
JP 2
CPI 2
JP(S) 1
RPK 1
IND 8
Arjun Singh INC
8. 1985 320 250 58
Party name Seats won
JP 5
INC(S) 1
IND 6
Chief Minister Tenure
Motilal Vora 13 March 1985 - 13 February 1988
Arjun Singh 14 February 1988 - 24 January 1989
Motilal Vora 25 January 1989 - 8 December 1989
INC
9. 1990 320 56 220
Party name Seats won
JD 28
CPI 3
BSP 2
KSM 1
IND 10
Sunder Lal Patwa BJP
10. 1993 320 174 117
Party name Seats won
BSP 11
JD 4
CPI 2
CPI(M) 1
CMM 1
KSM 1
RPI(K) 1
IND 8
Digvijaya Singh INC
11. 1998 320 172 119
Party name Seats won
BSP 11
JD 4
SP 4
GGP 1
ABP 1
JP 1
RPI 1
IND 8
Digvijaya Singh INC
12. 2003 230 38 173
Party name Seats won
SP 7
GGP 3
BSP 2
RSD 2
IND 2
Chief Minister Tenure
Uma Bharti 8 December 2003 - 22 August 2004
Babulal Gaur 22 August 2004 - 29 November 2005
Shivraj Singh Chouhan 29 November 2005 - 16 December 2018
BJP
13. 2008 230 71 143
Party name Seats won
BSP 7
BJSP 5
SP 1
IND 3
Shivraj Singh Chouhan BJP
14. 2013 230 58 165
Party name Seats won
BSP 4
IND 3
Shivraj Singh Chouhan BJP
15. 2018 230 114 109
Party name Seats won
BSP 2
SP 1
IND 4
Kamal Nath INC
16. 2020 230 96 126
Party name Seats won
BSP 2
SP 1
IND 4
Shivraj Singh Chouhan BJP
  • In the elections held in the year 1967, the INC won 167 seats but its leader Govind Narayan Singh broke away with the party and formed the SVD, which along with other parties formed the government with Govind Narayan Singh as the Chief Minister.

After 2000Edit

Total Seats- 230

Vidhan Sabha Election Year 1st Party 2nd Party 3rd Party Others Chief Minister CM's Party
13th Vidhan Sabha 2003 BJP 173 INC 38 SP 7 GGP: 3, BSP: 2, RSD: 2, IND: 2 Uma Bharti BJP
Babulal Gaur
Shivraj Singh Chouhan
14th Vidhan Sabha 2008 BJP 143 INC 71 BSP 7 BJSP:5, SP: 1, IND: 3 Shivraj Singh Chouhan
15th Vidhan Sabha 2013 BJP 165 INC 58 BSP 4 IND: 3
16th Vidhan Sabha 2018 INC 114 BJP 109 BSP 2 SP 1, IND 4 Kamal Nath INC
2020 BJP 126 INC 96 BSP 2 SP 1, IND 4 Shivraj Singh Chouhan BJP

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1962 to the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). Retrieved November 23, 2020.

External linksEdit