Elbtal is a community in Limburg-Weilburg district in Hesse, Germany.

Elbtal
Coat of arms of Elbtal
Coat of arms
Location of Elbtal within Limburg-Weilburg district
Limburg-Weilburg Elbtal.png
Elbtal is located in Germany
Elbtal
Elbtal
Elbtal is located in Hesse
Elbtal
Elbtal
Coordinates: 50°31′N 08°04′E / 50.517°N 8.067°E / 50.517; 8.067Coordinates: 50°31′N 08°04′E / 50.517°N 8.067°E / 50.517; 8.067
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Admin. regionGießen
DistrictLimburg-Weilburg
Government
 • MayorJoachim Lehnert (Ind.)
Area
 • Total11.12 km2 (4.29 sq mi)
Elevation
259 m (850 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total2,393
 • Density220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
65627
Dialling codes06436
Vehicle registrationLM
Websitewww.elbtal.eu

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Elbtal lies on the Westerwald’s southern slope above the Lahn valley.

Constituent communitiesEdit

Elbtal’s Ortsteile are Dorchheim (administrative seat), Elbgrund, Hangenmeilingen, und Heuchelheim.

HistoryEdit

The hills on either side of the Elbbach were already inhabited by the New Stone Age, as shown by the many finds of stone tools. The circular rampart called Heidenhäuschen ("Little Heath House") near Hangenmeilingen has been dated to Hallstatt times (750 to 450 BC).

Heuchelheim had its first documentary mention in 772 in a donation document from the Lorsch Abbey. Waldmannshausen, one of Elbgrund’s forerunner communities, had its first documentary mention on 21 October 1138 in connection with its donation to the monastery at St. Goar. Dorchheim had its first documentary mention in 1215 in a document from the Maria Laach Abbey while Mühlbach, Elbgrund’s other forerunner community, was first mentioned in 1230 in a donation by the House of Nassau to the Teutonic Knights. Hangenmeilingen had its first documentary mention on 21 January 1333.

The still preserved moated castle of Waldmannshausen in Elbgrund was in the Middle Ages the seat of the Walpode, who held the judiciary overlordship in the surrounding country. The building work comprises a Late Gothic dwelling house with two round towers and commercial buildings, which are still used today. To the west are found the ruins of an older, cross-shaped castle. In 1835, the castle came into the prominent Bethmann banking family’s ownership. After the Second World War, it was quarters for the United States Army. Today its use is scholastic.

One of the oldest buildings in the community is the Marienstätter Hof in Dorchheim, which has been used since 1993 as Elbtal’s town hall. Its exact building year is unknown. It is one of three still preserved estates that belonged to Marienstatt Abbey.

Until the mid 20th century, clay and basalt were quarried in Mühlbach’s municipal area.

On 1 February 1971, the communities of Dorchheim, Hangenmeilingen and Heuchelheim merged into one with the name Elbtal. On 1 July 1973, the then still autonomous community of Elbgrund also joined, after itself having been formed in a merger in 1936 of the formerly autonomous communities of Mühlbach and Waldmannshausen.

PoliticsEdit

 
Elbtal Town Hall in Dorchheim

Community councilEdit

The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:

Parties and voter communities %
2006
seats
2006
%
2001
seats
2001
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 43.2 7 41.3 6
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 27.1 4 25.3 4
FWG Freie Wählergemeinschaft Elbtal 13.5 2 13.8 2
FBH Freie Bürgerliste Hangenmeilingen 9.4 1 10.0 2
BLD Bürgerliste Dorchheim 6.8 1 9.6 1
Total 100.0 15 100.0 15
voter turnout in % 45.6 57.0

SightseeingEdit

  • Waldmannshausen Castle
  • Kapelle St. Nikolaus (“Saint Nicholas’s Chapel”) at the Dorchheim cemetery
Built in the early 12th century and converted in the 16th century, it has central pillars with rich carving and a sanctuary with a painting gallery.

Economy and infrastructureEdit

Elbtal is a residential community. Besides the trades and crafts that are customary in such a place, there is no industry.

TransportEdit

The community lies on Bundesstraße 54 (Siegen - Limburg) and is thereby well linked to the long-distance road network.

EducationEdit

The Elbtalschule in Dorchheim serves as a common primary school for the community. Nearby secondary schools are the Mittelpunktschule St. Blasius in Frickhofen and the Fürst Johann Ludwig Schule in Hadamar.

Public institutionsEdit

  • Kindergarten Elbtal "Sonnenblume" in Dorchheim
  • Kindergarten Elbtal "St. Josef" in Dorchheim
  • Dorchheim Volunteer Fire Brigade, founded 1895 (includes Youth Fire Brigade)
  • Elbgrund Volunteer Fire Brigade, founded 1934 (includes Youth Fire Brigade)
  • Hangenmeilingen Volunteer Fire Brigade, founded 1934 (includes Youth Fire Brigade)
  • Heuchelheim Volunteer Fire Brigade, founded 1967 (includes Youth Fire Brigade)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2019". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2020.

External linksEdit