El juramento (Spanish for The Oath) is a 3-act zarzuela by Joaquín Gaztambide for libretto by Luis de Olona. Its central character (the Marquis) is taken from a French operetta La Rose de Peronne by Eugène Scribe and Adolphe Adam (1840),[1] but the new work is entirely original.[2] It was first staged on December 20, 1858 at the Teatro de la Zarzuela.[3][4] It is thought to be among Gaztambide's best compositions and one of the most important scores in the history of zarzuela. The first modern performance took place in 2000 in Madrid Teatro de la Zarzuela.

RolesEdit

Role Voice type Premiere cast, 20 December 1858
María soprano Josefa Mora
The Baroness soprano Luisa Santamaría
Marquis de San Esteban baritone Tirso de Obregón
Don Carlos baritone Ramón Cubero
The Count bass Francisco Calvet
Corporal Peralta baritone Francisco Salas
Sebastián comic tenor Vicente Caltañazor
Chorus: officers, soldiers, contrymen of both sex

Musical numbersEdit

Act I
No. 1. Prelude and introduction. ¡Ellos son!, ¡ellos son! (María, the Count, Sebastián, chorus of contrymen)
No. 2. Chorus ¡Torpe! Señora, ¡sosegaos! (the Baroness, chorus of contrymen)
No. 2 bis. Cavatina. El arroyo, la enramada (the Baroness, chorus of contrymen)
No. 3. María's romance. ¡Ah! Yo me vi en el mundo (María)
No. 3 bis. Marquis's romance. Cual brilla el sol (the Marquis, Peralta)
No. 3 ter. Trio . Guarde Dios à la niña hermosa (María, the Marquis, Peralta)
No. 4. Finale I Su rara hermosura (María, the Baroness, the Marquis, the Count, Peralta, Sebastián, chorus of contrymen)
Act II
No. 5. Introduction and the "Chu, chu, chu" chorus. Vedle qué pensativo (Sebastián, chorus of contrymen)
No. 6. Scene and cavatina. ¡Ja!, ¡ja!, ¡ja! ¡Oh, qué Marqués! (María, the Count, the Baroness)
No. 7. Romance. Gracias, fortuna mía (Don Carlos)
No. 8. Duo by the piano. Es el desdén acero (María, the Marquis)
No. 9. Duo – Finale II. ¿Qué os sucede? (María, Sebastián)
Act III
No. 10. Introduction and the rouse chorus. Soldados de la ronda (chorus of soldiers)
No. 11. Drinking song and duo of the drunks. ¡Brindis! ¡A la fortuna! (Peralta, Sebastián)
No. 12. Duo. Guarde Dios al gentil marido (María, the Marquis)
No. 13. Finale. ¡Ah! Risueña brilló la aurora (all soloists, chorus of soldiers)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Robert Ignatius Letellier (19 October 2015). Operetta: A Sourcebook, Volume II. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 794. ISBN 978-1-4438-8508-9.
  2. ^ See Olona's preface in the 1858 libretto edition (available on IMSLP).
  3. ^ Calendario musical para 1860, p.27.
  4. ^ This date is printed on the title page of the 1858 libretto edition.

External LinksEdit