Eisenstein sum

In mathematics, an Eisenstein sum is a finite sum depending on a finite field and related to a Gauss sum. Eisenstein sums were introduced by Gotthold Eisenstein (1848), named "Eisenstein sums" by Stickelberger (1890), and rediscovered by Yamamoto (1985), who called them relative Gauss sums.

DefinitionEdit

The Eisenstein sum is given by

 

where F is a finite extension of the finite field K, and χ is a character of the multiplicative group of F, and α is an element of K (Lemmermeyer 2000, p. 133).

ReferencesEdit

  • Berndt, Bruce C.; Evans, Ronald J. (1979), "Sums of Gauss, Eisenstein, Jacobi, Jacobsthal, and Brewer", Illinois Journal of Mathematics, 23 (3): 374–437, ISSN 0019-2082, MR 0537798, Zbl 0393.12029
  • Eisenstein, Gotthold (1848), "Zur Theorie der quadratischen Zerfällung der Primzahlen 8n + 3,7n + 2 und 7n + 4", Journal für die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik, 37: 97–126, ISSN 0075-4102
  • Lemmermeyer, Franz (2000), Reciprocity laws, Springer Monographs in Mathematics, Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag, ISBN 978-3-540-66957-9, MR 1761696, Zbl 0949.11002
  • Lidl, Rudolf; Niederreiter, Harald (1997), Finite fields, Encyclopedia of Mathematics and Its Applications, 20 (2nd ed.), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-39231-4, Zbl 0866.11069
  • Yamamoto, K. (1985), "On congruences arising from relative Gauss sums", Number theory and combinatorics. Japan 1984 (Tokyo, Okayama and Kyoto, 1984), Singapore: World Sci. Publishing, pp. 423–446, MR 0827799, Zbl 0634.12017