Eisenhüttenstadt (literally "ironworks city" in German; [ʔaɪzn̩ˈhʏtn̩ʃtat] (About this soundlisten)) is a town in the Oder-Spree district of the state of Brandenburg, Germany, on the border with Poland.

Eisenhüttenstadt
View over Eisenhüttenstadt
View over Eisenhüttenstadt
Coat of arms of Eisenhüttenstadt
Coat of arms
Location of Eisenhüttenstadt within Oder-Spree district
Eisenhüttenstadt in LOS.png
Eisenhüttenstadt is located in Germany
Eisenhüttenstadt
Eisenhüttenstadt
Eisenhüttenstadt is located in Brandenburg
Eisenhüttenstadt
Eisenhüttenstadt
Coordinates: 52°08′42″N 14°40′22″E / 52.14500°N 14.67278°E / 52.14500; 14.67278Coordinates: 52°08′42″N 14°40′22″E / 52.14500°N 14.67278°E / 52.14500; 14.67278
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOder-Spree
Subdivisions4 districts
Government
 • MayorFrank Balzer (SPD)
Area
 • Total63.40 km2 (24.48 sq mi)
Elevation
42 m (138 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total24,633
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
15890
Dialling codes03364
Vehicle registrationLOS
Websitewww.eisenhuettenstadt.de

GeographyEdit

The municipal area stretches on a sandy terrace in the Berlin-Warsaw glacial valley (Urstromtal). It is bounded by the Oder river in the east, which since 1945 has formed the German–Polish border. Eisenhüttenstadt is the eastern terminus of the Oder–Spree Canal. The town centre is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Frankfurt (Oder) and 110 km (68 mi) southeast of Berlin. Eisenhüttenstadt has access to the Berlin–Wrocław railway line.

The town comprises the districts of Diehlo, Fürstenberg (Oder), and Schönfließ.[2]

HistoryEdit

The present-day township was founded as a socialist model city in 1950 (initially named Stalinstadt after Joseph Stalin) upon decision of the East German Socialist Unity Party (SED), alongside a new steel mill combine located west of the historic town of Fürstenberg (Oder).[3] A few years before the new town arose, a bridge over the Oder river had been constructed, which had been destroyed by retreating Wehrmacht forces in February 1945, near the end of World War II.

The population grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1961, during De-Stalinization, the town was renamed Eisenhüttenstadt. After German reunification in 1990, the state-owned steel works were privatized, and most of its 12,000 employees lost their jobs. Thereafter the factory employed around 2,500 workers.[4] The town experienced a steep decline in population, from just over 50,000 to under 30,000.

DemographyEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 3,850—    
1890 5,253+2.09%
1910 7,971+2.11%
1925 8,997+0.81%
1933 8,944−0.07%
1939 8,736−0.39%
1946 7,697−1.79%
1950 10,579+8.28%
1964 36,937+9.34%
1971 45,762+3.11%
1981 48,131+0.51%
1985 49,086+0.49%
1989 52,674+1.78%
1990 51,151−2.89%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 49,330−3.56%
1992 46,646−5.44%
1993 47,545+1.93%
1994 47,770+0.47%
1995 47,376−0.82%
1996 46,771−1.28%
1997 45,697−2.30%
1998 44,773−2.02%
1999 42,884−4.22%
2000 41,493−3.24%
2001 40,180−3.16%
2002 38,628−3.86%
2003 37,009−4.19%
2004 35,884−3.04%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 34,818−2.97%
2006 33,914−2.60%
2007 33,091−2.43%
2008 32,214−2.65%
2009 31,689−1.63%
2010 31,132−1.76%
2011 27,795−10.72%
2012 27,410−1.39%
2013 27,205−0.75%
2014 27,444+0.88%
2015 30,416+10.83%
2016 26,325−13.45%
2017 25,057−4.82%


 
1953 celebration: Walter Ulbricht with Soviet ambassador Ivan Ilyichev
 
The Friedrich-Wolf-Theater, opened in 1955

ArchitectureEdit

The first design for the new residential quarter was developed by the modernist and Bauhaus architect, Franz Ehrlich, in August 1950. His modernist plan, which laid out a dispersed town landscape along functional lines, was rejected by the Ministry for Reconstruction. The same happened to the plan presented by the architects Kurt Junghanns and Otto Geiler. The plan that was ultimately realized was developed by Kurt Walter Leucht.[6][7]

International relationsEdit

Eisenhüttenstadt is twinned with:[8]

Notable peopleEdit

Eisenhüttenstadt was the birthplace of:

Other personalities associated with the cityEdit

 
Bahro, Berlin 1989, SED Party convention
  • Rudolf Bahro (1935–1997), regime critic and author of the book The alternative. A critique of real-existing socialism., spent his school days in the city
  • Tamara Bunke (1937–1967), fellow combatant of Che Guevara in Bolivia, took her Abitur (school leaving examination) in Eisenhüttenstadt
  • Rolf Henrich (born 1944), lawyer, first signatory of the Founding Congress of the New Forum
  • Tom Hanks visited the city in 2011, creating much free publicity for the city.[9][10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Stadt Eisenhüttenstadt | service.brandenburg.de (in German)
  3. ^ Eisenhüttenstadt - Stadt & Verwaltung (in German)
  4. ^ Emily Young (28 April 2014). "Germany: The rise and fall of a model socialist city". BBC News. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  5. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  6. ^ BernhFalter.pmd
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2009-08-06. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Eisenhüttenstadt - Stadt & Verwaltung (in German)
  9. ^ http://www.dw.com/en/eisenhüttenstadt-tom-hanks-kind-of-place/a-15842082
  10. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3h2Rw1mHew

External linksEdit