# Egon Pearson

**Egon Sharpe Pearson** CBE FRS^{[1]} (11 August 1895 – 12 June 1980) was one of three children and, like his father Karl Pearson, a leading British statistician.^{[2]}^{[3]}

Egon Pearson | |
---|---|

Born | Egon Sharpe Pearson 11 August 1895 |

Died | 12 June 1980 | (aged 84)

Nationality | British |

Alma mater | University of Cambridge |

Known for | Neyman–Pearson lemma |

Awards | Weldon Memorial Prize (1935) Guy Medal (Gold, 1955) |

Scientific career | |

Fields | Statistics |

Institutions | University College London |

Doctoral students | George E. P. Box Bhaskar Kumar Ghosh Pao-Lu Hsu Norman Lloyd Johnson |

He was educated at Winchester College and Trinity College, Cambridge, and succeeded his father as professor of statistics at University College London and as editor of the journal *Biometrika*. Pearson is best known for development of the Neyman–Pearson lemma of statistical hypothesis testing.

He was elected a Fellow of the Econometric Society in 1948.^{[4]}

He was President of the Royal Statistical Society in 1955–56,^{[5]} and was awarded its Guy Medal in gold in 1955. He was appointed a CBE in 1946.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in March 1966.^{[6]} His candidacy citation read:

Known throughout the world as co-author of the Neyman-Pearson theory of testing statistical hypotheses, and responsible for many important contributions to problems of statistical inference and methodology, especially in the development and use of the likelihood ratio criterion. Has played a leading role in furthering the applications of statistical methods — for example, in industry, and also during and since the war, in the assessment and testing of weapons.

^{[6]}

## WorksEdit

*On the Use and Interpretation of certain Test Criteria for the Purposes of Statistical Inference*(coauthor Jerzy Neyman in*Biometrika*, 1928)*The History of statistics in the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries*(1929). Commented version of a series of conference by his father.*On the Problem of the Most Efficient Tests of Statistical Hypotheses*(coauthor Jerzy Neyman, 1933)*The Application of Statistical Methods to Industrial Standardisation and Quality Control*. London: British Standards Institution, Publication Department. 1935.^{[7]}*Karl Pearson : an appreciation of some aspects of his life and work*(1938)*The Selected Papers of E. S. Pearson*. Cambridge University Press. 1966.*Studies in the history of statistics and probability*(1969, coauthor Maurice George Kendall)

## ReferencesEdit

**^**Bartlett, M. S. (1981). "Egon Sharpe Pearson. 11 August 1895-12 June 1980".*Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society*.**27**: 425–426. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1981.0017. JSTOR 769879.**^**Egon Pearson at the Mathematics Genealogy Project**^**O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Egon Pearson",*MacTutor History of Mathematics archive*, University of St Andrews.**^**"Election of Fellows, 1948".*Econometrica*.**17**(1): 86. January 1949. JSTOR 1912138.**^**"Royal Statistical Society Presidents". Royal Statistical Society. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2010.- ^
^{a}^{b}"Lists of Royal Society Fellows 1660-2007" (PDF). London: The Royal Society. Retrieved 1 May 2011. **^**Rietz, H. L. (1936). "Review:*The Application of Statistical Methods to Industrial Standardisation and Quality Control*by E. S. Pearson" (PDF).*Bull. Amer. Math. Soc*.**42**(9): 617–618. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1936-06365-2.

## External linksEdit

- Obituary by Herbert A. David (retrieved 1 August 2017)
- Obituary by J. J. O'Connor and E. F. Robertson (retrieved 1 August 2017)