Edward Shortland (1812–1893) was a New Zealand doctor, administrator, scholar and linguist.
Shortland was born at Courtlands near Lympstone in Devon, England, the third son of Thomas George Shortland and brother of Willoughby Shortland, and of Peter Frederick Shortland. He was educated at Exeter grammar school and at Pembroke College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1835 and M.A. in 1839. He then studied medicine, and was admitted an extra-licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians in 1839.
In 1841 Shortland went out, apparently at his brother's suggestion, to New Zealand, where on 28 June 1841 he was appointed private secretary to Governor William Hobson. On 3 August 1842 he was appointed protector of aborigines. On 10 August 1843 he landed at Akaroa on Banks' Peninsula, to act as interpreter to Colonel Godfrey's court of inquiry into the land claims of the French company, the Nanto-Bordelaise Co. of Jean Langlois, which was then trying to settle there. After the court closed he took a census of the peninsula.
In 1860 Shortland served in the Expedition of the Thousand of Garibaldi. He was again in England that year, and became M.R.C.P. He then practised medicine for many years in New Zealand, and subsequently lived for some time at Parnell.
In October 1889 Shortland finally returned to England. He died at Plymouth on 5 July 1893.
- The Southern Districts of New Zealand, London, 1851.
- Traditions and Superstitions of the New Zealanders, London 1854.
- Maori Religion and Mythology, London, 1882.
He also published a Maori-language textbook, in 1883.
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1897). . Dictionary of National Biography. 52. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- teara.govt.nz, Akaroa, French Settlement at.
- Tucker, Jane. "Shortland, Edward". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25464. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)