Education in Omaha, Nebraska
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Education in Omaha, Nebraska is provided by many private and public institutions. The first high school graduates in the Omaha area came from Brownell-Talbot School, which was founded in the town of Saratoga in 1863. The oldest school building in continuous usage is Omaha Central High School.
In the mid-19th century, Omaha joined progressive cities that were establishing schools for girls' education. The Episcopal Church founded Brownell Hall, an all-girls secondary boarding school in Saratoga. It officially opened on September 15, 1863. Located at present-day 24th and Grand Avenue, this private religious school was named after an Episcopal bishop of New York, and was first located in the Saratoga Springs Hotel, a defunct resort. Students came to the school from Nebraska City, Bellevue, Florence, Fontanelle, Decatur and Omaha. The school moved to downtown Omaha in 1868, and in the 1920s it moved to a central Omaha location. Today it known as Brownell-Talbot School, and is the oldest continuing school in Nebraska.
Saratoga School at Meridith Avenue and North 25th Street was started in 1866 by local citizens. The one room schoolhouse was one of the first public schools in Nebraska, and perhaps the first in the Omaha area. In 1927, businessmen formed the North Omaha Activities Association to re-develop Saratoga School's playing field into a college football field for Omaha University's football team. At that time the University was located immediately south in the Redick Mansion at the affluent Kountze Place suburb. With new bleachers built to accommodate a crowd of a thousand, the Saratoga Field was home to O.U.'s team until 1951. The community was also home to the Omaha Presbyterian Theological Seminary, which closed in 1943.
The Academy of the Sacred Heart was opened in 1882 to provide college preparatory education to young women in the Near North Side and Kountze Park neighborhoods; later, the school specifically served women in the Gold Coast and Bemis Park neighborhoods.
Technical High School was the third high school built in Omaha. The city's largest public school building was a five-winged building with a large athletic field that occupied three square city blocks between Burt and Cuming Streets from 30th to 33rd Streets. By 1940, enrollment had reached 3,684. The school was closed in 1984, and the building was completely renovated for use as the Omaha Public Schools central office. Today, it also serves as a home for the Career Center and Adult Education programs, serving 700-plus students daily. Omaha North High School at 36th Street and Ames Avenue occupies a hilltop view covering four square blocks. Constructed like a capital E and first occupied in September 1924, the building has 49 rooms, a cafeteria, a gymnasium and an auditorium.
From the 1880s through the beginning of desegregation busing in Omaha Public Schools in the early 1970s, several segregated schools in North Omaha served the city's African American students. They included Howard Kennedy School, Lake School, Kellom School, Lothrop School, and Long School. Other schools in the area with large African American populations into the 1980s included Tech High, North High and Central High School. Into the 1970s, these were widely regarded as the city's "black schools", with de facto segregation based on residential housing patterns. African American students and teachers felt they were kept from achieving equity with schools across the city that white students attended.
A different type of segregation affected the students at the Nebraska School for the Deaf. The School, started in 1870 on 23 acres (93,000 m2) between Bedford Avenue and Wirt Street, between 42nd and 44th Streets, served thousands of hearing-impaired students.
As early as 2005, Nebraska State Senator Ernie Chambers proposed that North Omaha become responsible for educating its own students. Because of a proposal he made, on April 13, 2006, the Nebraska Legislature passed Legislative Bill 1024 that would create three separate school districts out of Omaha Public Schools, including one specifically for North Omaha. The governor of Nebraska signed the bill into law later that day.
Among other things, LB 1024 calls for Omaha Public Schools to be broken into three separate school districts. LB 1024 requires that each new district consist of contiguous high school attendance areas and include either two or three of the seven existing high schools. That allows about 20 ways to group the seven schools, depending on which adjacent high school attendance areas are grouped with the geographically most central area.
The three-district plan for OPS was proposed in amendment AM3142, introduced on the day the legislature first took up LB 1024. The suburban school districts reluctantly supported the three-district plan, seeing it as the most favorable of the bills proposed. The OPS leadership vehemently opposed the plan. AM3142 was approved on the day it was introduced by a counted vote of 33 to 6 with 10 senators not voting. Five days later a motion to reconsider AM3142 failed in a roll-call vote of 9 to 31 with 9 senators not voting.
It is suspected that OPS may file a suit challenging the new law. On May 16, 2006, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) filed a suit against the governor and other Nebraska state officials charging that LB 1024, originally proposed by state senator Ernie Chambers, "intentionally furthers racial segregation." The NAACP lawsuit argues that because Omaha has racially segregated residential patterns, subdivided school districts will also be racially segregated, contrary to United States law. However the schools appear to be already segregated because of the neighborhoods, and children would have the option of going to any school in the district.
Public school districtsEdit
Primary and secondary public schools in the Omaha metro area is served by almost a dozen districts.
Other public schoolsEdit
- Nebraska School for the Deaf - Closed in 1998.
There are dozens of private schools in Omaha, including parochial and other types of schools.
|Private schools in the Omaha area|
|Gethsemane Lutheran School|
|Good Shepherd Lutheran School|
|Montessori Learning Center Of Dundee|
|Omaha Private Instruction Institute|
|Montessori Children's House|
|Zion Peace Lutheran School|
|Friedel Jewish Academy|
|Omaha Christian Academy|
|Omaha Memorial SDA School|
|Phoenix Academy of Learning|
|Omaha Baptist Academy|
|The Children's Room, Inc.|
|Omaha Hearing School for Children|
Weekend complementary education institutionsEdit
The Omaha Japanese School (オマハ日本語補習授業校 Omaha Nihongo Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a Japanese weekend educational program approved by the Japanese Ministry of Education, holds its classes at the St. Mark Lutheran Church in Omaha.
- (1993).From Pony Express to Wireless: Brownell-Talbot College Preparatory School 140 Years of History Archived 2008-09-07 at the Wayback Machine. Brownell-Talbot Quarterly. Fall/Winter 1993-94. Retrieved 8/16/07.
- Morton and Watkins. (1916) History of Nebraska. p 515.
- (1993). From Pony Express to Wireless: Brownell-Talbot College Preparatory School: 140 Years of History Archived 2008-09-07 at the Wayback Machine. Fall/Winter 1993-94 Brownell-Talbot Quarterly.
- Morton and Watkins. (1916) p 515.
- (n.d.) "Saratoga History." Saratoga Elementary School website.
- (n.d.) Saratoga Field Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine University of Nebraska at Omaha website.
- (n.d.) History of Tech High. Gifford Park Neighborhood Association.
- (n.d.) About Technical High School
- (nd) Historical photo Omaha Public Library. Retrieved 6/4/07.
- (n.d.) Excerpts from Interviews - Evelyn Montgomery Archived 2007-12-11 at the Wayback Machine Crestridge School of International/Global Studies, Omaha Public Schools. Retrieved 9/11/07.
- Omaha from the Air HistoricOmaha.com - Taken from the Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved 9/11/07.
- "Legislative Bill 1024: An act relating to schools" (PDF). State of Nebraska. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-28. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
- Sam Dillon (April 15, 2006). "Law to Segregate Omaha Schools Divides Nebraska". New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- "Legislative Journal" (PDF). State of Nebraska. Apr 6, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2006. Retrieved July 27, 2008.
- "Legislative Journal" (PDF). State of Nebraska. Apr 11, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2006. Retrieved July 27, 2008.
- Sam Dillon (May 17, 2006). "Schools Plan in Nebraska Is Challenged". New York Times.
- "About Us". Ralston Public Schools. Retrieved 2019-11-20.
- "日本人学校及び日本語補習授業校のご案内" (Archive). Consulate General of Japan in Chicago. Retrieved on April 8, 2015.
- "所在地." Omaha Japanese School. Retrieved on April 1, 2015. "Omaha Japanese School St. Mark Lutheran Church 1821 N 90th St Omaha, NE 68114"