Edinburgh Airport

Edinburgh Airport (Scots: Edinburgh Airport, Scottish Gaelic: Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann) (IATA: EDI, ICAO: EGPH) is an airport located in the Ingliston area of Edinburgh, Scotland. It was the busiest airport in Scotland in 2019, handling over 14.7 million passengers. It was also the sixth-busiest airport in the United Kingdom by total passengers in 2019.[3][4] It is located 5 NM (9.3 km; 5.8 mi)[1] west of the city centre, just off the M8 and M9 motorways. It is owned and operated by Global Infrastructure Partners, who are also a minority shareholder of Gatwick Airport.[5] The airport has one runway and one passenger terminal, and employs about 2,500 people.

Edinburgh Airport
EdinburghAirport.svg
Edinburgh Airport - Taxi rank.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGlobal Infrastructure Partners
OperatorEdinburgh Airport Ltd.
ServesEdinburgh
LocationEdinburgh, Scotland, UK
Elevation AMSL136 ft / 41 m
Coordinates55°57′00″N 003°22′21″W / 55.95000°N 3.37250°W / 55.95000; -3.37250Coordinates: 55°57′00″N 003°22′21″W / 55.95000°N 3.37250°W / 55.95000; -3.37250
Websitewww.edinburghairport.com
Map
EGPH is located in Edinburgh
EGPH
EGPH
Location in Edinburgh
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,556 8,386 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers14,747,830
Passenger change 18-19Increase3.1%
Aircraft movements130,016
Movements change 17–18Increase1.1%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

Turnhouse Aerodrome was the most northerly British air defence base in World War I used by the Royal Flying Corps. The small base opened in 1916[6] and it was used to house the 603 (City of Edinburgh) Squadron from 1925, which consisted of DH 9As, Westland Wapitis, Hawker Harts, and Hawker Hind light bombers. All the aircraft used a grass air strip.

The following units were here at some point:[7]

In 1918 the Royal Air Force was formed and the airfield was named RAF Turnhouse and ownership transferred to the Air Ministry.

When the Second World War broke out, RAF Fighter Command took control over the airfield and a runway of 3,900 ft (1,189 m) was paved to handle the Supermarine Spitfire. During the Battle of Britain, 3, 65, and 141 Squadrons were present at the airbase.

The following units were here at some point:[7]

Post Second World WarEdit

When the war ended the airfield remained under military control, but by the late 1940s the first commercial services were launched. In 1947, British European Airways started a service between Edinburgh and London using Vickers Vikings followed by the Viscount and Vanguard series.[citation needed]

In 1952 the runway was extended to 6000 ft to handle the Vampire FB5s operated by the resident 603 Squadron; and an aircraft arresting barrier net was installed to protect traffic on the adjacent A9 road. The net remained in place until the early 1970s and was used to stop one of the Ferranti Flying Unit Buccaneers which had over ran the runway. A further use was in 1970 when a Meteor TT20, operated by the RN Fleet Requirement Unit, overran the runway and ended up in the net. In 1956 a new passenger terminal was built to provide an improved commercial service; five years later it was extended. After the disbandment of 603 Squadron in March 1957, the Air Ministry transferred ownership to the Ministry of Aviation in 1960 to offer improved commercial service to the airport. Flying was temporarily diverted to East Fortune, which had its runway extended to accommodate the airliners of the period.[citation needed]

BAA ownership 1971 to 2012Edit

 
Aerial view of Edinburgh Airport

The British Airports Authority took over ownership of the airport on 1 April 1971 at a time when the original terminal building was running at about eight times its design capacity. Immediate improvements to the terminal were cosmetic, such as extra seating and TV monitors for flight information, and it took two years for plans to be proposed for a completely new terminal and runway redesign. A public consultation on planning started in November 1971 and ended in February 1972. Initial stages of the redevelopment began in June 1973; they included a diversion of the River Almond. Work on the new terminal building, designed by Sir Robert Matthew, started in March 1975, and the building was officially opened by Her Majesty the Queen on 27 May 1977,[8] opening to the public two days later.

Although the original main runway 13/31 (which is now 12/30) served the airport well, its alignment (NW-SE) had the disadvantage of suffering from severe crosswinds, and the other two minor runways were very short and could not be readily extended, so movements were transferred to a new runway (07/25, which has since become 06/24) in an addition completely outside the original airfield boundary. This runway, completed in 1977, is 2,556 m (8,386 ft) in length, and was able to take all modern airliners including Concorde. A new terminal was built alongside the runway to cater for the additional traffic. The old terminal and hangars were converted into a cargo centre.

International service from Edinburgh began in 1962 with a direct service to Dublin, but for many years international flights were charter and private only. This started to change during the late 1970s, with direct services to continental Europe (Amsterdam, 1975). By the mid-1980s direct routes included Paris, Düsseldorf, Brussels, Frankfurt and Copenhagen, but direct transatlantic flights were not yet possible as Prestwick was the only "designated gateway" in Scotland under the US-UK Bermuda II Agreement.[9] By the time BAA had been privatised in 1987, Edinburgh Airport handled over 1.8 million passengers each year; compared to the 681,000 passengers handled in 1971 when BAA first took control of the airport.[10]

RAF Turnhouse was operational near the passenger terminal of the airport for all of the post war period, but was finally closed in 1997.[11]

Since the original terminal upgrade in 1977, there have been major reconstructions, including extensions of the two passenger terminal aprons and a major expansion of car parking facilities, including a multi-storey car park in 2004. In 2005, a new 57-metre-tall (187 ft) air traffic control tower was completed at a cost of £10m. An extension to the terminal called the South East Pier opened in September 2006. This extension initially added six gates on a new pier to the south-east of the original building. A further four gates were added to the South East Pier at the end of 2008.

On 19 October 2011, BAA Limited announced its intention to sell the airport, following a decision by the UK's Competition Commission requiring BAA to sell either Glasgow Airport or Edinburgh Airport.[12] BAA announced on 23 April 2012 that it had sold Edinburgh Airport to Global Infrastructure Partners for a price of £807.2 million.[13]

ExpansionEdit

In 2013, a further extension to the passenger terminal was announced, taking the terminal building up to the Edinburgh Airport tram stop. The opening of the Edinburgh Trams in May 2014 created the first rail connection to Edinburgh Airport. Whilst the number of passengers has increased, the number of flights actually decreased in 2014 due to planes operating at higher capacity.[14] Passenger traffic at Edinburgh Airport reached a record level in 2015 with over 11.1 million passengers[15] and over 109,000 aircraft movements.[2] The terminal building is currently[when?] being expanded with an investment of £40m. A new £25m expansion project involving the construction of a new 6,000m² building, housing a security hall and retail areas, is also currently[when?] under way at the airport. On 23 February 2016, Ryanair announced a growth of 20% in passenger numbers, bringing the airline's annual passenger capacity at Edinburgh Airport to 2.5 million. This was coupled with the news of six new services to Ryanair's winter schedule from Edinburgh, in addition to more services on its popular European destinations. In February 2016, consultancy firm Biggar Economics announced that Edinburgh Airport contributes almost £1 billion to the Scottish economy every year.[16] As part of the expansion works, Runway 12/30 was officially withdrawn from use on 29 March 2018.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Edinburgh:[17]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens
Aer Lingus Regional Belfast–City,[18] Cork, Dublin, Shannon
Air Canada Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson (resumes 5 June 2021)[19]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
American AirlinesSeasonal: Philadelphia[20]
Atlantic AirwaysVágar
Austrian AirlinesSeasonal charter: Innsbruck
BH AirSeasonal: Burgas
British AirwaysLondon–City, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow
Seasonal: Florence, Palma de Mallorca
Brussels AirlinesBrussels
Delta Air LinesNew York–JFK
Seasonal: Boston
easyJetAlicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Belfast–International, Berlin–Tegel, Birmingham,[21] Bristol, Copenhagen, Geneva, Gibraltar,[22] Hamburg, Kraków, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Lyon, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Naples, Paphos, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Reykjavik–Keflavik, Seville, Tenerife–South, Venice, Verona, Vienna
Seasonal: Bilbao, Bodrum, Catania,[23] Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Heraklion, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Sofia, Stuttgart
Edelweiss AirZürich
EurowingsCologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf
FinnairHelsinki
Jet2.com[24]Alicante, Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Málaga, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Bodrum, Burgas, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Geneva, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Kos, Larnaca, Menorca, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pula, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Split, Thessaloniki, Venice, Verona, Vienna, Zakynthos
KLMAmsterdam
LoganairExeter,[25] Kirkwall, Norwich, Southampton,[25] Stavanger, Stornoway, Sumburgh
Seasonal: Bergen, Newquay (begins 28 March 2021)[26]
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air ShuttleCopenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Qatar AirwaysDoha
RyanairAlicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Billund, Bologna, Bucharest,[27] Budapest, Bydgoszcz,[28] Charleroi, Copenhagen, Derry, Dublin, Eindhoven, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gdańsk, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Katowice, Kaunas, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Luxembourg, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Nantes, Poznań, Prague, Riga, Rome–Ciampino, Santander, Seville, Sofia, Tallinn, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Treviso, Valencia, Vienna,[29][30] Warsaw–Modlin, Wroclaw
Seasonal: Béziers, Bordeaux, Bratislava, Carcassonne, Corfu, Ibiza, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Memmingen (ends 24 October 2020),[31] Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Porto, Stockholm–Skavsta, Weeze
Scandinavian AirlinesStockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Oslo–Gardermoen
TransaviaRotterdam
Transavia FranceSeasonal: Paris–Orly
TUI Airways[32]Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Burgas, Cancún, Corfu, Dalaman, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Málaga, Menorca, Orlando/Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos
Seasonal charter: Chambéry (begins 26 December 2020),[33] Innsbruck, Toulouse[34]
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul
United AirlinesNewark
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Washington–Dulles
Wizz AirBucharest, Budapest, Gdańsk, Warsaw–Chopin

StatisticsEdit

Passenger NumbersEdit

Edinburgh Airport Passenger Totals
1985–2019 (millions)
Source: These statistics are combined BAA and CAA figures pre-1996, Edinburgh Airport: A History; McCloskey, Keith. Post 1996: United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority.[3][35]
Number of Passengers[nb 1] Number of Movements[nb 2]
1985 1,578,000 36,926
1986 1,651,000 36,596
1987 1,852,000 39,603
1988 2,080,000 40,664
1989 2,369,000 47,100
1990 2,495,000 47,900
1991 2,343,000 49,700
1992 2,539,000 56,400
1993 2,721,000 58,800
1994 3,001,000 61,100
1995 3,280,000 64,000
1996 3,810,000 68,800
1997 4,214,919 99,352
1998 4,588,507 100,134
1999 5,119,258 101,226
2000 5,519,372 102,393
2001 6,067,333 112,361
2002 6,930,649 118,416
2003 7,481,454 118,943
2004 8,017,547 125,317
2005 8,456,739 127,122
2006 8,611,345 126,914
2007 9,047,558 128,172
2008 9,006,702 125,550
2009 9,049,355 115,969
2010 8,596,715 108,997
2011 9,385,245 113,357
2012 9,195,061 110,288
2013 9,775,443 111,736
2014 10,160,004 109,545
2015 11,114,587 115,286
2016 12,348,425 122,220
2017 13,410,256 128,675
2018 14,310,403 130,016
2019 14,747,830 131,617
Source:United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority[3][36]

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest routes to and from Edinburgh (2018)[37]
Rank Airport Passengers
Handled
% Change
2017/18
1 London–Heathrow 1,198,848   1.7
2 London–Gatwick 740,904   0.5
3 London–Stansted 732,022   1.6
4 Amsterdam 679,148   0.3
5 Dublin 627,537   1.6
6 London–City 496,961   2.5
7 Bristol 400,014   1.6
8 Paris–Charles de Gaulle 396,635   11.0
9 Belfast–International 328,320   15.3
10 London–Luton 315,116   2.0

Access and ground transportEdit

 
Airlink 100 bus on Waverley Bridge
 
Edinburgh Gateway station interchange stop
 
Edinburgh Airport tram terminus
Transport at
Edinburgh Airport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dalmeny
 
 
 
Winchburgh Tunnel
 
 
 
Edinburgh Airport  
 
 
 
Ingliston Park & Ride  
 
 
 
Gogarburn
 
 
 
Edinburgh Gateway
 
 
 
Gyle Centre
 
 
 
South Gyle
 
 
 
Edinburgh Park Central
 
 
 
 
Edinburgh Park
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Haymarket
 
 
 
 
 
 
Waverley/St Andrew Sq
 
 
 
 
 
York Place
extension under
construction
 

BusEdit

Lothian Buses provides public transportation to the airport and Edinburgh:[38]

  • Airlink 100 - Express bus to and from the city centre.
  • Skylink 200 - Local connections between Edinburgh Airport and North Edinburgh.
  • Skylink 300 - Local connections between Edinburgh Airport and Cameron Toll.
  • Skylink 400 - Local connections between airport and Fort Kinnaird.
  • N22 - Night bus service to the city centre and Leith.

First provides public transportation to the airport and West Lothian with one service:[39]

  • 600 - Connections between Edinburgh Airport to Livingston via West Lothian towns.

Stagecoach provides public transportation to the airport and Fife with one service:[40]

Xplore Dundee provides public transport to the airport from Dundee.

  • X90 - Express bus to and from Edinburgh Airport with Dundee city centre.

Citylink provides public transportation to the airport from Glasgow and Stirling:[41]

  • Citylink Air - Express bus to and from Edinburgh Airport with Glasgow city centre.
  • Citylink 909 - Express bus between Stirling, Grangemouth, Bo'ness and the airport.

RoadEdit

The airport lies on the A8 road, and can be reached by the M8 motorway and the M9 motorway. The airport is also within access from the M90 motorway via the Queensferry Crossing.

TrainEdit

The airport has no dedicated railway station. However, it is served by the nearby Edinburgh Gateway station, which serves as an interchange with Edinburgh Trams services to the airport.[42] The tram line also connects the airport to the nearby Edinburgh Park railway station.[43]

A more expensive Edinburgh Airport Rail Link project to provide a direct heavy rail link was cancelled in 2007 due to increasing costs.[44]

TramEdit

The airport is served by Edinburgh Trams, a light rail link. The system runs from the airport and travels across the western suburbs of Edinburgh, terminating in the city centre.[45][46]

Preceding station   Edinburgh Trams   Following station
Ingliston Park & Ride   Edinburgh Trams
Line 1
  Terminus

Accidents and incidentsEdit

On 20 July 1970 a Hawker Siddeley HS-125-3B (G-AXPS) operated by the Imperial Tobacco Company crashed on takeoff from Turnhouse on an empty positioning flight to Newcastle. The aircraft was a total loss and whilst the pilot was uninjured, the copilot was found dead on arrival at hospital. The probable cause of the crash was thought to be the application of incorrect rudder following a simulated engine failure on take-off. The reason for this application of incorrect rudder has not been determined.[47][48]

A De Havilland Moth Minor (G-AFOZ) crashed at Turnhouse during a low level display on 3 May 1975. One of the two occupants died in hospital the following day.[49]

On 27 February 2001, a Loganair Shorts 360 (G-BNMT) operating a Royal Mail flight to Belfast, crashed into the Firth of Forth shortly after taking off from Edinburgh at 1730 GMT. Both crew members were killed, but there were no passengers on board. A fatal accident inquiry later blamed a buildup of slush in the aircraft's engines before the crash. A protective covering had not been fitted to the engine intakes while the aircraft was parked at Edinburgh for several hours in heavy snow.[50][51]

AccoladesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Number of Passengers, Freight and Mail include both domestic and international counterparts.
  2. ^ Number of Movements represents total aircraft takeoffs and landings during that year.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "NATS – AIS – Home". Ead-it.com. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Aircraft and passenger traffic data from UK airports". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 3 March 2017. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "A record year". Edinburgh Airport.
  4. ^ "Airport data 2018 - UK Civil Aviation Authority". www.caa.co.uk. Archived from the original on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  5. ^ Kollewe, Julia (27 December 2018). "Gatwick airport: majority stake sold to French group". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 27 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  6. ^ "EDI Facts and figures". Edinburgh Airport. Archived from the original on 1 June 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Turnhouse (Edinburgh)". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Queen will be first to use air terminal". The Glasgow Herald. 27 May 1977. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  9. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 24 July 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2011. Cite uses generic title (help)
  10. ^ Edinburgh Airport: A History; McCloskey, Keith; 2006
  11. ^ "Site Record for Edinburgh, RAF Turnhouse". Canmore. RCAHMS. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  12. ^ "Heathrow: About us – Heathrow". Baa.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  13. ^ Heathrow. "Press Releases". Baa.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  14. ^ ^ CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics
  15. ^ "Edinburgh Airport hails record year". BBC News. 11 January 2016. Archived from the original on 24 November 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Edinburgh Airport Brings in the Bucks". Airport Parking Market. 26 April 2016. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  17. ^ "Flight timetables - Edinburgh Airport". www.edinburghairport.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  18. ^ "6 new routes from Belfast City Airport". Aer Lingus Group DAC. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Air Canada rouge 767 service replacement as of 1800GMT 22JUL20". routesonline.com. 22 July 2020.
  20. ^ "American Airlines Expands European Footprint and Modifies Asia Service". news.aa.com. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  21. ^ Symon, Ken (18 September 2019). "New flight to launch from Edinburgh to English city". businessInsider.
  22. ^ "easyJet to launch direct flights between Gibraltar and Edinburgh".
  23. ^ "Gibraltar among five new EasyJet routes from Edinburgh and Glasgow". www.scotsman.com.
  24. ^ "Flight Timetable". jet2.com.
  25. ^ a b "Loganair Secures Key UK Air Services". www.loganair.co.uk.
  26. ^ https://www.loganair.co.uk/
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  28. ^ "Ryanair Launches UK Summer 20 Schedule – More Than 500 Routes on Sale Now". corporate.ryanair.com.
  29. ^ "New Edinburgh to Vienna air link announced". 25 March 2019. Retrieved 25 March 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  30. ^ Liu, Jim. "Ryanair / Laudamotion S20 network consolidation as of 18JUN20". Routesonline. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  31. ^ ryanair.com/de retrieved 19 September 2020
  32. ^ "Flight Timetable". tui.com.
  33. ^ Liu, Jim (2 September 2020). "TUI Airways adds Edinburgh – Chambery service from late-Dec 2020". Routesonline.
  34. ^ Liu, Jim. "TUI Airways UK W19 new short-haul routes". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  35. ^ "Size of UK Airports" (PDF). Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority
  36. ^ "Aircraft Movements" (PDF). Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority
  37. ^ "Airport Data 2018". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 9 March 2019. Tables 12.1(XLS) and 12.2 (XLS). Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  38. ^ "Airport Services - Lothian Buses". Lothian Buses. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  39. ^ "21A - Edinburgh Airport - South East and Central Scotland - First UK Bus". First UK Bus.
  40. ^ "JET 747 Edinburgh Airport Bus - Stagecoach". Stagecoachbus.com. Archived from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  41. ^ "Citylink :: Connecting Scotland". Citylink.co.uk. Archived from the original on 12 December 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  42. ^ "New Edinburgh Gateway interchange opens in capital". Archived from the original on 13 December 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  43. ^ "Trains". Edinburgh Airport. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  44. ^ "MSPs back new airport rail link". 14 March 2007. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  45. ^ "Edinburgh's trams roll into action". BBC News. Archived from the original on 19 October 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  46. ^ "Route map". Edinburgh Trams. 2009. Archived from the original on 18 September 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
  47. ^ https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/5423033ce5274a1317000c09/9-1972_G-AXPS.pdf
  48. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Hawker Siddeley HS-125-3B G-AXPS Edinburgh-Turnhouse Airport (EDI)". aviation-safety.net.
  49. ^ Ranter, Harro. "Accident de Havilland DH.94 Moth Minor G-AFOZ, 03 May 1975". aviation-safety.net.
  50. ^ Scotsman: Pilots praised as sheriff confirms snow caused crash Archived 20 September 2004 at the Wayback Machine, News.scotsman.com, 13 November 2003
  51. ^ Harro Ranter (27 February 2001). "ASN Aircraft accident Shorts 360-100 G-BNMT Granton Harbour". Aviation-safety.net. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
  52. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Europe" Archived 18 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012
  53. ^ "International Airport Review's 2019 award winners announced". International Airport Review.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Edinburgh Airport at Wikimedia Commons