Eberhard Heinrich

Eberhard Heinrich (born 12 March 1926) is a German journalist.

Eberhard Heinrich
Born(1926-03-12)12 March 1926
OccupationJournalist
Party Officer
Political partySED
Spouse(s)Lieselotte Thoms-Heinrich (1920-1992)

He was a member of the Party Politburo Agitation Committee in the German Democratic Republic from 1965, and in 1981 he replaced Harri Czepuck as chairman of the country's national Union of Journalists.[1][2]

LifeEdit

Eberhard Heinrich was born in a small rural town in Lower Silesia, roughly 80 km (50 miles) west of Breslau. His father was a clerical employee. Heinrich attended a commercially focused school and started on an industrial/commercial training. In 1943 he was arrested and held in youth detention for several months on account of "illegal political activity". In 1944 he was excluded from the Hitler Youth and conscripted for National Labour service. At this stage of the war, with the German army having suffered massive casualties, national labour service rapidly became conscription into the army even for boys who a few years earlier would have been considered too young to serve. Heinrich deserted from the army in 1945 which was the year in which, in May 1945, the war ended. He spent 1945/46 as a Prisoner of War, held by the Americans, at the same time working at agricultural labour and relief work in Lützelsachsen.[1]

In May 1945 what remained of Germany had been divided into four principal zones for military occupation. Eberhard's home region of Lower Silesia was now part of Poland, survivors from its formerly German speaking population having been persuaded to leave. Lützelsachsen where he had been imprisoned was to the west, in the American occupation zone. As soon as he was able, however, in June 1946 Eberhard Heinrich relocated to the east, settling in the Soviet occupation zone. Here the way was already being paved for a return to one-party government with a contentious merger, in April 1946, between the old Communist Party and the Moderate-left SPD. Heinrich lost no time in joining the resulting Socialist Unity Party (SED / Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands), now the ruling party for what would become the German Democratic Republic, formally founded in October 1949.[1]

In October 1946 Heinrich became a volunteer editorial assistant with the left-wing newspaper "Vorwärts": he stayed with the paper at least through most of 1947. Between October 1947 and May 1948 he underwent a journalistic training at the Party Academy. Heinrich was evidently still associated with "Vorwärts" in 1949 which was when The Party took the decision to merge the Berlin edition of "Vorwärts" with Neues Deutschland, the official mass-circulation newspaper of the ruling SED (party) and thereby of the German Democratic Republic.[3] The merger took effect on 1 January 1950.[3] Eberhard Heinrich now joined Neues Deutschland, workling between 1950 and 1962 as a departmental head and editorial secretary. Between 1962 and 1965 he served as the newspaper's deputy chief editor. During this period, in 1953, he also undertook a correspondence degree course with the Leipzig Journalism Academy.[1]

Moving beyond the world of journalism, between 1965 and 1980 he worked full-time with the Party Politburo Agitation Commission, taking a succession of increasingly senior roles before becoming the personal assistant to Werner Lamberz, the Commission Secretary, following whose death Heinrich himself served as Commission Secretary between 1978 and December 1980. Although Heinrich never actually followed Lamberz to become a member of the powerful Party Central Committee, his name did feature on the list of candidates for membership from 1971 right up till the institutional collapse of 1989/90. He was, however, on the central committee of the East German Union of Journalists, serving as the union president in succession to Harri Czepuck between 1981 and 1990.[2] This led to international roles including vice-presidency of the (Soviet sponsored) International Organization of Journalists and chairmanship of the International council for journalism training.[1]

PersonalEdit

Publications (selection)
  • (under the Pseudonym Hans Adler) Bonn – Stadt und Staat im Sumpf[4]
  • (under the Pseudonym Hans Adler) Berlin in jenen Tagen. Berichte aus der Zeit von 1945–1948[5]
  • (together with Klaus Ullrich/Huhn) Befehdet seit dem ersten Tag. Über drei Jahrzehnte Attentate gegen die DDR[6]
  • (together with Klaus Ullrich/Huhn) Nacht über Grenada. Die Geschichte einer USA-Aggression[7]
  • (together with Klaus Ullrich/Huhn) Der Krieg einer unsichtbaren Armee. Porträt der CIA[8]

Eberhard Heinrich was married to Lieselotte Thoms-Heinrich, a journalist and, between 1963 and 1990, a longstanding member of the National Legislature (Volkskammer).[9]

Awards and honoursEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Bernd-Rainer Barth; Andreas Herbst. "Heinrich, Eberhard *12.3.1926 Abteilungsleiter im ZK der SED, Vorsitzender des Verbands der Journalisten der DDR" (in German). Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b Wilke, Jürgen, Julia Martin, Denis Fengler, and Marc Levasier. Journalisten und Journalismus in der DDR: Berufsorganisation, Westkorrespondenten, "Der schwarze Kanal". Köln: Böhlau, 2007. pp. 26–28
  3. ^ a b Gerhard Dengler (30 October 2000). Viele Beulen im Helm: mein Leben als SED-Funktionär. Books On Demand. p. 21. ISBN 978-3831106820. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  4. ^ Hans Adler (1958). Bonn - Stadt und Staat im Sumpf. Berlin: Kongress-Verlag.
  5. ^ Hans Adler (1959). Berlin in jenen Tagen. Berlin: Kongress-Verlag.
  6. ^ Klaus Ullrich/Huhn; Hans Adler (1981). Befehdet seit dem ersten Tag. Über drei Jahrzehnte Attentate gegen die DDR (4th ed.). Berlin: Kongress-Verlag--Dietz-Verlag.
  7. ^ Klaus Ullrich Huhn; Hans Adler (1983). Nacht über Grenada. Die Geschichte einer USA-Aggression. Berlin: Dietz-Verlag.
  8. ^ Klaus Ulrich Huhn; Hans Adler (1985). Der Krieg einer unsichtbaren Armee. Porträt der CIA (2nd (expanded) ed.). Berlin: Militärverlag der DDR.
  9. ^ Bernd-Rainer Barth. "Thoms-Heinrich, Lieselotte geb. Lehmann *29.10.1920, † 14.7.1992 Chefredakteurin der Frauenzeitschrift "Für Dich"" (in German). Retrieved 19 March 2015.