E (New York City Subway service)

The E Eighth Avenue Local[2] is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is blue since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan.

"E" train symbol
Eighth Avenue Local
R160 E enters 42nd Street.jpg
Map of the "E" train
Note: This map represents normal service. Dashed line shows late night only service
Dashed pink line shows weekday rush hour, midday and early evening service to 179th Street
Western endWorld Trade Center
Eastern endJamaica–Van Wyck (all times)
Jamaica–179th Street (weekday rush hour, midday and early evenings)
Stations18 (weekday rush hour, midday and early evening service to/from Jamaica–Van Wyck)
22 (weekday rush hour, midday and early evening service to/from 179th Street)
24 (early evening and weekends)
34 (late nights)
Rolling stock260 R160s (26 trains)[1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
DepotJamaica Yard
Started serviceAugust 19, 1933; 87 years ago (1933-08-19)
Route map

Down arrow  F   <F> ​ ( E  rush hours)
Jamaica–179th Street
Parsons Boulevard
Down arrow  E 
 J  Z 
Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer
Sutphin Boulevard–Archer Avenue–JFK
MTA NYC logo.svg AirTrain JFK notext logo.svg
Jamaica–Van Wyck
Briarwood
Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike
75th Avenue
switches to local during
evenings and weekends
Down arrow  M  R 
Forest Hills–71st Avenue
67th Avenue
63rd Drive–Rego Park
Woodhaven Boulevard
Grand Avenue–Newtown
Elmhurst Avenue
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue
65th Street
Northern Boulevard
46th Street
Steinway Street
36th Street
Queens Plaza
switches to local
during late nights
no regular service via Crosstown
Court Square–23rd Street
Lexington Avenue–53rd Street
Fifth Avenue–53rd Street
7th Avenue–53rd Street
"A" train"B" train"C" train"D" train Uptown & the Bronx via 8th Avenue
50th Street
(Handicapped/disabled access southbound)
42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal Port Authority Bus Terminal
34th Street–Penn Station MTA NYC logo.svg NJ Transit Amtrak
23rd Street
14th Street
West 4th Street–Washington Square
Spring Street
Canal Street
World Trade Center Port Authority Trans-Hudson | Chambers Street
Up arrow  E 
Legend

Lines used by the "E" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "E" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 E 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The E operates at all times between Jamaica–Van Wyck in Richmond Hill, Queens, and the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan; additional service (weekdays from 6 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.) originates and terminates at Jamaica–179th Street instead of Jamaica–Van Wyck. Daytime service operates express in Queens[a] and local in Manhattan; late night service makes local stops along its entire route.

E service started in 1933 with the opening of the IND Queens Boulevard Line. In its early years, the E train ran along the Rutgers Street Tunnel and IND Culver Line to Brooklyn, though this service pattern stopped by 1940. Until 1976, E train ran to Brooklyn and Queens via the IND Fulton Street Line and IND Rockaway Line. The E's northern terminal was switched from 179th Street to Jamaica Center with the opening of the IND Archer Avenue Line in 1988. The E is one of the most heavily used services in the subway system.

HistoryEdit

Creation and extensionsEdit

With the opening of the IND Queens Boulevard Line from 50th Street to Roosevelt Avenue on August 19, 1933, E service began, running between Roosevelt Avenue and Hudson Terminal (current World Trade Center station) on the IND Eighth Avenue Line. Because the IND Crosstown Line did not yet fully open, and as the IND Queens Boulevard Line had not yet opened to Jamaica, service ran via the Queens Boulevard Line's local tracks. The E also ran local in Manhattan.[3][4][5] Initially, weekday service ran every four minutes during rush hours, every five minutes middays, every six or eight minutes evenings, and every twelve minutes overnights. Service ran every four or five minutes during the Saturday morning rush hour, every five minutes during the morning and afternoon, and every six or eight minutes in the evening. On Sunday, E trains ran every six or seven minutes in the morning, every five minutes in the afternoon, and every six or eight minutes in the evening.[6] Service provided by three-car trains during rush hours and two-car trains at other times.[7] By January 16, 1934, rush hour service was operating with three- or four-car trains.[8]

E trains were extended to East Broadway following the opening of the IND Sixth Avenue Line from West Fourth Street on January 1, 1936. E trains no longer served stations on the Eighth Avenue Line south of West Fourth Street.[9][5] On April 9 of the same year, the Sixth Avenue Line was extended through the Rutgers Street Tunnel to Jay Street–Borough Hall, and E trains were extended via this line and the IND Culver Line to Church Avenue, replacing the A train, which was rerouted via the new IND Fulton Street Line to Rockaway Avenue.[10][5] The E service was again extended with the opening of the Queens Boulevard Line extension to Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike on December 31, 1936.[11][12]

Express service along Queens Boulevard began on April 24, 1937, coinciding with the extension of the line and E service to 169th Street.[13][14] Express service was inaugurated during rush hours, with E trains making express stops from 71st–Continental Avenues to Queens Plaza. The express service operated between approximately 6:30 and 10:30 a.m. and from 3:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.[15] Express service was also provided on Saturdays between 6:30 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.. During rush hours, GG trains were extended to Continental Avenue from Queens Plaza, taking over the local. During non-rush hours, when GG service terminated at Queens Plaza, local service was provided by EE trains, which operated between 169th Street and Church Avenue in Brooklyn.[5][16][17] The initial headway for express service was between three and five minutes.[18] With the completion of the Crosstown Line on July 1, 1937, non-rush hour GG service was extended to 71st Avenue, allowing E trains to run express along Queens Boulevard west of 71st Avenue at all times. EE service was discontinued at this time. In addition, three southbound E trains began service at 71st Avenue between 8:07 and 8:28 a.m. during the morning rush hour.[5][19][20] The headway between trains during the peak of rush hour was reduced to three minutes at this time.[8]

On September 12, 1938, nine weekday rush hour trains began terminating at Jay Street between 7:45 a.m. and 8:30 a.m.. Five of these trips originated at 169th Street, while the other four began service at Parsons Boulevard.[7] Four northbound E trains entered service at Smith–Ninth Streets between 4:52 p.m. and 5:25 p.m. on weekdays.[5][19][20] The additional service allowed for a peak two-minute headway for twelve minutes in the morning rush hour southbound.[6] The 23rd Street–Ely Avenue station opened as an in-fill station on August 28, 1939, and was served by the E service during rush hours, and by the EE service during other times.[21] Between April 1939 and October 1940, select evening E trains ran to-and-from the Horace Harding Boulevard terminal at the 1939 New York World's Fair, terminating at Hudson Terminal in Manhattan. These trains operated to and from Chambers Street and ran between 8:24 p.m. and 1:29 a.m., when the fair closed for the night. Service ended following the fair.[5][22][23]

 
Sixth Avenue Subway Will Be Opened to the Public at 12-01 A.M. Sunday, Dec 15, 1940

On December 15, 1940, service on the entire Sixth Avenue Line began, and service patterns across the IND were modified. E service was cut back to Broadway–Lafayette Street, and service south of that station to Church Avenue was replaced by the new F train along Sixth Avenue.[24] The new F service supplemented E express along Queens Boulevard, and allowed for the introduction of express service along Queens Boulevard between 71st Avenue and Parsons Boulevard.[5] F trains terminated at Parsons Boulevard instead of 169th Street to reduce congestion at the two stations.[25] Starting January 10, 1944, some E trains began terminating at 71st Avenue after the weekday and Saturday morning rush hour, and some originated there during the evening rush hour.[5][19] In addition, the headway of late night service was increased from twelve minutes to fifteen minutes.[6]

On October 24, 1949, the E was extended during weekday rush hours to Broadway–East New York running local via the Fulton Street Line to allow A trains to run express.[26] Several trains continued to terminate at 71st Avenue after the morning rush hour.[5] At the same time, the headway between rush hour trains in the peak-direction was reduce from four minutes to three minutes.[6] The Queens Boulevard Line's extension to 179th Street opened on December 11, 1950, and E trains were extended from 169th Street to terminate there.[27][28] On June 30, 1952, two morning rush hour trips on the E train were added, running between 71st Avenue and Jay Street.[5] Midday service began operating on eight-minute headways instead of six-minute headways, evening service began operating on ten-minute headways instead of eight-minute headways, and late night service began operating on twenty-minute headway, instead of fifteen-minute headways. With the July 5, 1952 timetable, E trains began running every eight minutes during the morning and afternoon on Saturday, instead of every six minutes during the morning rush hour, and every seven minutes during the morning and afternoon. During late evenings, trains began running every twelve minutes, instead of every eight minutes.[6]

In 1953, the platforms were lengthened at 75th Avenue and Sutphin Boulevard to 660 feet (200 m) to allow E and F trains to run eleven-car trains. The E and F began running eleven-car trains during rush hours on September 8, 1953. The extra train car increased the total carrying capacity by 4,000 passengers. The lengthening project cost $400,000.[29] The operation of eleven-car trains ended in 1958 because of operational difficulties. The signal blocks, especially in Manhattan, were too short to accommodate the longer trains, and the train operators had a very small margin of error to properly platform the train. It was found that operating ten-car trains allowed for two additional trains per hour to be scheduled.[30]

On October 30, 1954, the E service was modified as part of a series of service change made following the completion of the Culver Ramp, which made it possible for IND service on the Culver Line to run to Coney Island. Non-rush hour E service was rerouted from Broadway–Lafayette Street to Hudson Terminal, and rush hour E trains began running express in Manhattan.[5][31]

 
Subway Goes To Rockaway

Changes in Brooklyn serviceEdit

On June 28, 1956, the Long Island Rail Road's Rockaway Beach Branch reopened as the IND Rockaway Line after being converted for subway service,[32] and E service was extended from East New York to Rockaway Park or Wavecrest (now Beach 25th Street) during weekday rush hours. During non-rush hours, service was provided by four-car shuttles between Euclid and Rockaway Park or Wavecrest.[33][34] Three weekday E trains leaving 179th Street between 6:54 and 7:27 a.m. were cut at Euclid Avenue, with one half of the train running to Far Rockaway, and the other half going to Rockaway Park. After the end of the morning rush hour, several trains terminated at East New York, before going back into Manhattan-bound service before the afternoon rush hour.[5][35]

On September 17, 1956, rush hour E service was cut back to Euclid Avenue when Rockaway service was replaced by the A train.[19] The A and E later switched southern terminals again, and on September 8, 1958, the E began running to Far Rockaway and Rockaway Park during rush hours, with some trips terminating at Euclid Avenue. During weekday off-peak hours, separate shuttles operated from Euclid Avenue to Far Rockaway and Rockaway Park. At the same time, round-robin service began during weekend and late night service, because of the low ridership at these times. These trains would run from Euclid Avenue to Rockaway Park, and then reverse and run to Far Rockaway, before returning to Euclid Avenue.[5][36]:216 On October 11, 1958, round-robin service ceased operating on weekends, being by replaced by shuttles running from Euclid Avenue to either terminal in the Rockaways. Round-robin service continued to operate late evenings, late nights, and early mornings. From October to June, round-robin service started at 6:40 p.m. leaving Euclid Avenue, and from June to October, the service began at 9:44 p.m. from Euclid Avenue.[5]

 
Poster from 1960 announcing that some E trains would run to and from Lefferts Boulevard

Since many Rockaway riders were dissatisfied with having rush hour service provided by local trains, starting on November 3, 1958, four morning rush hour E trains ran express via the Fulton Street Line from Euclid Avenue, two from Rockaway Park, and two from Far Rockaway. To make up for the loss of local service along the Fulton Street Line, four A trains began making local stops.[5] All E trains began running express and all A trains began running local to Euclid Avenue on September 8, 1959.[19][37] On June 6, 1960, three E trains started originating at Lefferts Boulevard in the morning rush hour, and three E trains began terminating there in the evening rush hour after complaints from riders.[38][39] Shuttles between Euclid Avenue and the Rockaways, which had not been assigned a route designation, but often were signed as E trains, were labeled HH trains on February 1, 1962.[5] On July 11, 1966, midday service began running every ten minutes, instead of every eight, and evening service began running every twelve minutes, instead of every ten.[6] Midday and evening shuttles between the Rockaways and Euclid Avenue were replaced by the A service on July 10, 1967.[33]

In October 1969, the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) performed a test over the course of a month to evaluate the impact that increasing the scheduled frequency of the E and F services along the Queens Boulevard Line in the southbound direction in the morning would have on running times and the number of trains that actually ran in service. As part of the test, 35 trains were scheduled to leave 179th Street during the morning peak hour, 17 E trains and 18 F trains. However, only 32 trains actually left the terminal, 15 E trains and 17 F trains. The study found that the average number of trains actually in service was 28 at Queens Plaza, 14 Es and 14 Fs, and 31 at 71st Avenue, 15 Es and 16 Fs, and that running such a high frequency of service was not possible without increasing running times and causing congestion.[40]

 
1967-1979 bullet

Southbound E trains began stopping at the lower level of the 42nd Street station during rush hours on March 23, 1970 to reduce delays by relieving congestion on the station's platforms.[41][42] The frequency of weekend service was decreased on July 3, when trains started running every ten minutes on Saturdays, and every twelve minutes on Sundays.[43] As part of systemwide changes in bus and subway service on January 2, 1973, the E became the local in Brooklyn again, running to Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street only.[44][45] This change was initially supposed to take effect on September 11, 1972.[46] On January 19, 1976, rush hour service on the E was decreased. Northbound rush hour service began running every four or five minutes, instead of every four, and southbound evening rush hour service began running every four or six minutes, instead of every four.[6]

Finally, on August 30, 1976, E service in Brooklyn was eliminated with all trains terminating at World Trade Center. Brooklyn service was replaced by the CC local.[47][48] Some E trains began terminating at 71st Avenue after the morning rush hour.[19] Until 1986, two E trains and two F trains started at 71st Avenue in the morning rush hour with the intention to relieve congestion. These trains were eliminated because they resulted in a loading imbalance, as these lightly-loaded trains would be followed by extremely crowded trains from 179th Street, which followed an eight-minute gap of E and F service from 179th Street.[49]:51

In 1986, the NYCTA studied which two services should serve the Queens Boulevard Line during late nights as ridership at this time did not justify three services. A public hearing was held in December 1986, and it was determined that having the E and R, which would replace the N, run during late nights provided the best service.[49]:51 On May 24, 1987, ten-minute frequencies on E during evenings were extended by an additional hour to 9 p.m..[50]

Archer Avenue changesEdit

On December 11, 1988, the Archer Avenue Lines opened, and E trains were rerouted via this branch, running to Jamaica Center via the Queens Boulevard Line's express tracks. E trains began running express east of 71st Avenue, skipping 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard at all times,[51][52] with local service to 179th Street replaced by the R, which was extended to 179th Street from 71st Avenue. The R extension allowed F trains to continue running express to 179th Street.[53][54] It was decided to serve Archer with the E as opposed to the F to minimize disruption to passengers who continued to use Hillside Avenue, to maximize Jamaica Avenue ridership and the length of the peak ridership period, which is longer on the F. It was found that most riders using buses diverted to Archer Avenue used the E, while passengers on buses to 179th Street used the F. Having E trains run local between 71st Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard was dismissed in order to provide 24 hour express service to the Archer Avenue Line.[49]:55

Two service plans were identified prior to a public hearing on February 25, 1988 concerning the service plan for the new extension. The first would have split rush-hour E service between the two branches, with late night service to 179th Street provided by the R, while the second would have had all E trains run via Archer Avenue, and would have extended R locals to 179th Street.[55][49]:9–10 A modified version of the second plan was decided upon. The change in the plan was the operation of alternate E trains from 179th Street as expresses during the morning rush hour between 7:07 a.m. and 8:19 a.m. to provide an appropriate level of E service to Archer during the morning rush, to maintain the same level of service to 179th Street while providing express service, and to provide greater choice for riders at the Parsons Boulevard and 179th Street stations on Hillside Avenue. It was decided not to divert some E trains to 179th Street during the afternoon rush hour so that Queens-bound riders would not be confused about where their E train was headed.[49]:9–10[50]

The 1988 changes angered some riders because they resulted in the loss of direct Queens Boulevard Express service at local stations east of 71st Avenue (169th Street, Sutphin Boulevard, Van Wyck Boulevard and 75th Avenue stations). Local elected officials pressured the MTA to eliminate all-local service at these stations.[56] As part of service cuts on September 30, 1990, the R was cut back to 71st Avenue outside of rush hours. Local service to 179th Street was replaced by F trains, which provided Queens Boulevard Express service, during middays, evenings, and weekends, and local G service during late nights.[57]

In May 1989, Sunday headways were reduced from twelve minutes to ten minutes.[50] As part of the changes, on October 1, 1990, morning rush hour service from 179th Street was discontinued, and all E trains began running to Jamaica Center.[58] In addition, the frequency of E service was reduced from 15 trains per hour to 12 trains per hour to allow the frequency of F service to be increased from 15 trains per hour to 20 trains per hour. The frequency of F service was subsequently reduced to running every 3.5 minutes on April 15, 1991, before being increased back to 3.3 minutes, or about 18 trains per hour, on October 26, 1992.[19] On April 1, 1991, E trains began running with fewer cars between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. in order to increase passenger security during overnight hours.[59]

In 1992, the MTA considered three options to improve service at the local stops east of 71st Avenue, including leaving service as is, having E trains run local east of 71st Avenue along with R service, and having F trains run local east of 71st Avenue replacing R service, which would be cut back to 71st Avenue at all times. The third option was chosen to be tested for six months starting in October or November 1992.[60] The test started on October 26, 1992 and was implemented on a permanent basis six months later, eliminating express service along Hillside Avenue.[61][62]

63rd Street changesEdit

On March 23, 1997, the E service began stopping at 75th Avenue and Van Wyck Boulevard during evenings, nights and weekends.[63] On August 30, 1997, E service began running local in Queens during late nights in order to ease connections, reduce the need for late night transfers, and provide even service intervals.[64] On the same date, late night G service was permanently cut back from 179th Street to Court Square, replaced by F service running local east of Queens Plaza, doubling late night service frequency at Queens Boulevard local stations.[65][66] On September 8, 1998, E trains began running at a frequency of eight trains per hour middays, an increase from six trains per hour.[6]

During the early part of 2000, because of the replacement of track switches at the World Trade Center station, the E was extended to Euclid Avenue at all times except late nights, when it operated to Canal Street.[67] Service on the E was again affected by the September 11 attacks in 2001, as its terminal station, World Trade Center, was located at the northeastern corner of the World Trade Center site, so for a time, the E again operated to Euclid Avenue in Brooklyn as the local on the IND Fulton Street Line at all times except late nights, replacing the temporarily suspended C service. On September 24, 2001, C service was restored, and E service was cut back to Canal Street, since World Trade Center would be closed until January 28, 2002.[68]

 
E Train Riders 42nd Street Stations

On December 16, 2001, the connection from the IND 63rd Street Line to the Queens Boulevard Line opened, and F trains were rerouted via this connector to travel between Manhattan and Queens.[69][70] E service was increased from 12 trains per hour to 15 trains per hour, and F service decreased from 18 trains per hour to 15 trains per hour to accommodate these trains. At the same time, occasional service to and from 179th Street was added, running express along Hillside Avenue.[71] Four trains began at 179th Street in the morning rush hour and at the beginning of the evening rush hour, while four terminated at 179th Street in the evening rush hour. Three morning rush hour reverse-peak trips began terminating at Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike.[19]

In 2002, the frequency of weekend E service was increased. Trains began running every eight minutes on Saturday mornings, instead of every ten minutes, and every ten or twelve minutes on Saturday evenings, instead of every twelve minutes. Sunday service was increased to run every ten or twelve minutes during the morning and evening, instead of every twelve or fifteen minutes, and trains began running every 8 or 10 minutes during afternoons, instead of every twelve minutes. On April 27, 2003, evening service was increased, with trains running at six-, eight-, and ten-minute headways, instead of twelve minute headways. Midday, afternoon, and early evening service was increased to run every eight minutes on February 22, 2004.[6] On September 16, 2019, the three trips that terminated at Kew Gardens were extended to 179th Street, making express stops along Hillside Avenue.[72]

As a result of a two-phase program of track replacement at the upper levels of Jamaica Center and Sutphin Boulevard that E trains serve, between September 18 and November 2, E trains were cut back to Jamaica–Van Wyck. The second phase, which will begin on November 2, will see E trains return to Jamaica Center, but with reduced service as the track reconstruction project continues. During this time, service to 179th Street will be expanded from weekday limited rush hour service to weekday daytime service, operating from 6 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.; E trains that serve 179th Street will make local stops east of 71st Avenue, while E trains that serve Jamaica–Van Wyck will make express stops east of 71st Avenue weekdays, and local stops at all other times.[73]

EE serviceEdit

 
EE bullet

The EE originally ran as an Eighth Avenue local between 71st Avenue and Chambers Street during off peak hours when the GG did not run.[17][74] This service was discontinued on July 1, 1937.[5] However, the EE reappeared on November 26, 1967 when it ran between 71st–Continental Avenues and Whitehall Street via the local tracks of the BMT Broadway Line, replacing the QT and RR.[47][75] This service was discontinued on August 30, 1976, and replaced by the N.[48][76]

IssuesEdit

OvercrowdingEdit

The E and F, the two Queens Boulevard express services, have historically been some of the most overcrowded routes in the entire subway system, and have more ridership than can be accommodated by existing capacity.[77][78][79] Multiple efforts have been made to deal with the problem. In 1968, as part of the Metropolitan Commuter Transportation Authority (MCTA)'s Program for Action plan to drastically expand the region's transportation network, the 63rd Street–Southeast Queens line was proposed to increase capacity between Queens and Manhattan reduce overcrowding on Queens Boulevard express trains.[80][81][82] This line would have served as a "super-express" bypass of the Queens Boulevard Line, paralleling the line by running along the Long Island Rail Road's Main Line, and making stops at Northern Boulevard, where a transfer would be available to Queens Plaza and Woodside, before merging with the Queens Boulevard Line at 71st Avenue. The line would have provided additional express service to stations east of 71st Avenue, and was intended to divert passengers from the overcrowded E and F to the new line, which would have connected to the BMT Broadway Line and IND Sixth Avenue Lines in Manhattan via the new 63rd Street Lines.[83][84] Since funding for the entire line dried up, because of the 1975–1976 New York City fiscal crisis,[85]:236 the plan was scaled back to the construction of the 63rd Street Lines to a dead-end station at 21st Street–Queensbridge in Queens.[86][87]

In 1990, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) elected to connect the 63rd Street Lines to the Queens Boulevard Line at 36th Street, with connections to both the local and express Queens Boulevard tracks.[88][89] In 2001, the 63rd Street Connection was completed allowing for an increase of nine trains per hour on the line between Queens and Manhattan through the introduction of V service.[90] Express F trains, which had run via 53rd Street, were rerouted via the new connection, and were replaced by new local V trains.[91] To further increase capacity, as part of the MTA's 2010–2014 Capital Program, the MTA is equipping the tracks from 50th Street/8th Avenue and 47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center to Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike with communications-based train control,[92] which would allow for three more trains during peak hours on the Queens Boulevard express tracks (it currently runs 29 tph). This would also increase capacity on the local tracks of the IND Queens Boulevard Line.[93][94] With the installation of CBTC on the Eighth Avenue Line as part of the 2015–2019 Capital Program, and on the Archer Avenue Line as part of the 2020–2024 Capital Program, the E will become fully automated.[95][96]:23

In October 2017, twenty five-car train sets assigned to the E service had seats at the end of the cars removed to provide extra capacity.[97][98] The MTA expected that the removal of seats would allow each E train to carry up to 100 additional riders.[79] Subsequent surveys found that the removal of seats improved passenger flow on trains, helping reduce dwell times in stations.[99]

HomelessnessEdit

For several decades,[100] the E has hosted a large population of homeless people and has been nicknamed the "Homeless Express", according to a conductor interviewed by WNBC.[101] It is the subway route that most homeless people sleep on since the route runs fully underground, sheltering people from the cold, and since the route has some of the system's newer rolling stock.[101][102] In addition, the route passes through major transit hubs that shelter the homeless, like Pennsylvania Station and the Port Authority Bus Terminal.[103]

RouteEdit

Service patternEdit

E trains run between Jamaica–Van Wyck on the Archer Avenue Line and World Trade Center on the Eighth Avenue Line at all times, running via the Queens Boulevard Line in Queens. E trains run local along the Eighth Avenue Line at all times. All trains run express in Queens between 71st Avenue and Queens Plaza at all times except late nights, when they make local stops. On weekends, weekday evenings, and late nights, E trains stop at 75th Avenue and Briarwood. During rush hours, middays and early evenings (from 6 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.), some trains also run to Jamaica–179th Street; at these times, E trains to and from Jamaica–Van Wyck operate express east (railroad north) of 71st Avenue, while trains to and from 179th Street operate local.[73]

E trains share tracks with F trains between the 75th Avenue and 36th Street interlockings during weekday rush hours and middays, and between the Van Wyck Boulevard and 36th Street interlockings on evenings, late nights and weekends. The shared segment with the F, during rush hours, receives the most scheduled service of any track segment in the system with 30 trains per hour, 15 on the E, and 15 on the F. The route share tracks with M trains between Queens Plaza and Fifth Avenue/53rd Street, and with C and late night A service from 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal to Canal Street.[104]:4[105]:28[106]

The following table shows the lines used by the E service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[107]

Line From To Tracks Times
rush hours week­days evenings, week­ends late nights
IND Archer Avenue Line (full line) Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer Jamaica–Van Wyck all Most trains      
IND Queens Boulevard Line (full line) Jamaica–179th Street Sutphin Boulevard express Limited service N/A N/A N/A
Briarwood 75th Avenue        
local        
Forest Hills–71st Avenue Queens Plaza express      
local        
Court Square–23rd Street Seventh Avenue all      
IND Eighth Avenue Line 50th Street World Trade Center local

StationsEdit

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.[2]

Station service legend
  Stops all times
  Stops all times except late nights
  Stops late nights only
  Stops weekdays only
  Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
  Station closed
  Stops rush hours only (limited service not noted on map)
  Stops evenings, late nights, and weekends
Time period details
  Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
  ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
  ↓
  Elevator access to mezzanine only
 
JC[b]
 
179
Stations   Subway transfers Connections/Other Notes
Queens
Hillside Avenue Branch (weekday service only)
N/A   Jamaica–179th Street   F   <F>   Q3 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
  169th Street F   <F>   Q3 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
  Parsons Boulevard F   <F>  
  Sutphin Boulevard F   <F>   Q44 Select Bus Service
Archer Avenue Branch (no service at Jamaica Center and Sutphin Boulevard until November 2, 2020)
  N/A Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer   J  Z   Q44 Select Bus Service
  Sutphin Boulevard–Archer Avenue–JFK Airport     J  Z   LIRR City Terminal Zone at Jamaica
AirTrain JFK
Q44 Select Bus Service
  Jamaica–Van Wyck  
Queens Boulevard Line (services from 179th Street and Jamaica Center merge)
    Briarwood   F   <F>   Q44 Select Bus Service
    Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike   F   <F>   Q10 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
    75th Avenue F   <F>  
    Forest Hills–71st Avenue   F   <F>  M  R   LIRR City Terminal Zone at Forest Hills
  | 67th Avenue
  | 63rd Drive–Rego Park Q72 bus to LaGuardia Airport
  | Woodhaven Boulevard Q52/Q53 Select Bus Service
  | Grand Avenue–Newtown Q53 Select Bus Service
  | Elmhurst Avenue Q53 Select Bus Service
    Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue   7   (IRT Flushing Line)
F   <F>  M  R  
Q47 bus to LaGuardia Airport Marine Air Terminal
Q53 Select Bus Service
Q70 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
  | 65th Street
  | Northern Boulevard
  | 46th Street
  | Steinway Street
  | 36th Street
    Queens Plaza   M  R  
    Court Square–23rd Street   M  
G   (IND Crosstown Line)
7   <7>  ​ (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
    Lexington Avenue–53rd Street   4  6   <6>   (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 51st Street)
M  
    Fifth Avenue/53rd Street M  
    Seventh Avenue B  D  
Eighth Avenue Line
    50th Street   ↓ A  C   (IND Eighth Avenue Line) Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only
    42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal   A  C  
1  2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7   <7>  ​ (IRT Flushing Line)
N  Q  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line)
S   (42nd Street Shuttle)
at Times Square–42nd Street
Port Authority Bus Terminal
M34A Select Bus Service
    34th Street–Penn Station   A  C   M34/M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
    23rd Street A  C   M23 Select Bus Service
    14th Street   A  C  
L   (BMT Canarsie Line)
M14A/D Select Bus Service
    West Fourth Street–Washington Square   A  C  
B  D  F   <F>  M   (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
    Spring Street A  C  
    Canal Street A  C  
    World Trade Center[c]   A  C  
2  3   (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
N  R  W   (BMT Broadway Line at Cortlandt Street)
PATH at World Trade Center
Hoboken and Jersey City ferries

Route bulletEdit

The E is signed on trains, in stations, and on maps with a blue emblem, or "bullet" since it runs via the Eighth Avenue Line.[109] The route was first color-coded in a light blue on November 26, 1967, when the NYCTA introduced its first set of colored service labels to coincide with the opening of the Chrystie Street Connection.[110]:35[111] In June 1979, the route was given a darker blue bullet as part of the introduction of a new color-coding scheme based on subway trunk lines in Manhattan, done in connection with a redesign of the subway map.[110]:76, 80–81[112]

Rolling stockEdit

The E train uses ten-car R160 trains to provide regular service, and uses 260 R160 cars, or 26 trains, to provide weekday service. E trains share their rolling stock with the F and R trains, and the route's rolling stock is stored and maintained at Jamaica Yard.[106]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ During weekday rush hours and middays, E trains that serve Jamaica–Van Wyck skip 75th Avenue and Briarwood, while E trains that serve 179th Street operate local east of Forest Hills–71st Avenue; at all other times, E trains serve the two stops.[2]
  2. ^ Service to/from Jamaica Center is cut back to Jamaica–Van Wyck due to track reconstruction at Jamaica Center and Sutphin Boulevard.
  3. ^ Chambers Street–World Trade Center are actually counted as two separate stations by the MTA. The E train terminates at World Trade Center while the A and ​C trains have through service at Chambers Street.[108]

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit