Donald William Zimmer (January 17, 1931 – June 4, 2014) was an American infielder, manager, and coach in Major League Baseball (MLB). Zimmer was involved in professional baseball from 1949 until his death, a span of 65 years.
|Infielder / Manager|
|Born: January 17, 1931|
|Died: June 4, 2014 (aged 83)|
|July 2, 1954, for the Brooklyn Dodgers|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 2, 1965, for the Washington Senators|
|Runs batted in||352|
|Career highlights and awards|
Zimmer signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers as an amateur free agent in 1949. He played in the major leagues with the Dodgers (1954–1959, 1963), Chicago Cubs (1960–1961), New York Mets (1962), Cincinnati Reds (1962), and Washington Senators (1963–1965). Shortly thereafter came a stint with the Toei Flyers of Nippon Professional Baseball in 1966.
In between, Zimmer saw action in all or parts of 18 minor league seasons spanning 1949–1967. He also played winter baseball with the Elefantes de Cienfuegos and the Tigres de Marianao of the Cuban League during the 1952–53 season, as well as for the 1954–55 Puerto Rican League champion Cangrejeros de Santurce en route to the 1955 Caribbean Series. Zimmer led his team to the Series title, topping all hitters with a .400 batting average (8-for-20), three home runs and a .950 slugging percentage, while claiming Most Valuable Player honors.
During a minor league game on July 7, 1953, Zimmer was struck in the head by a pitch thrown by pitcher Jim Kirk, and lost consciousness. He suffered blood clots on his brain that required two operations. He woke up two weeks later, thinking that it was the day after the game where the incident took place. This eventually led to Major League Baseball adopting batting helmets as a safety measure to be used by players when at-bat. Phil Rizzuto was the first player to use a batting helmet.
Following his retirement as a player, Zimmer began his coaching career. He worked in Minor League Baseball, before coaching the Montreal Expos (1971), San Diego Padres (1972), Boston Red Sox (1974–76, 1992) New York Yankees (1983, 1986, 1996–2003), Cubs (1984–1986), San Francisco Giants (1987), Colorado Rockies (1993–1995), and Tampa Bay Devil Rays / Rays (2004–2014). He served as manager for the Padres (1972–73), Red Sox (1976–1980), Texas Rangers (1981–82), and Cubs (1988–1991).
Zimmer was nicknamed "Zim", "Gerbil", and sometimes "Popeye" because of his facial resemblance to the cartoon character, In addition, he was dubbed "El Galleguito" (The little Galician) in Cuba as well as "El Soldadito" (The little soldier) in Mexico and Puerto Rico.
Zimmer began his career in 1949 with the Cambridge Dodgers of the Class-D Eastern Shore League. He then played with the Hornell Dodgers of the Class-D PONY League in 1950, the Elmira Pioneers of the Single-A Eastern League in 1951, the Mobile Bears of the Double-A Southern League in 1952, and the St. Paul Saints of the Triple-A American Association in 1953 and 1954. He made his major league debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1954. Zimmer's big league career lasted 12 seasons, almost exclusively as a utility infielder. Notably, he played for the 1955 World Series champion Brooklyn Dodgers, and with the 1962 New York Mets, who lost a record 120 games.
Immediately following his rookie season, Zimmer played winter ball in Puerto Rico, emerging as a decidedly dark horse 1955 Caribbean Series MVP on the heavy-hitting 1954–1955 Cangrejeros de Santurce club managed by Herman Franks. Nicknamed El Escuadrón del Pánico (lit. "The Panic Squad"), the team featured future Hall-of-Famers Willie Mays and Roberto Clemente, future All-Stars George Crowe and Sam Jones, local hero Luis Olmo, as well as Negro leagues stars Bob Thurman and Buster Clarkson. It was later described by Zimmer as "probably the best winter league baseball club ever assembled."
While with St. Paul in 1953, Zimmer nearly died after being hit in the temple with a pitch. He was not fully conscious for 13 days, during which holes were drilled in his skull to relieve the pressure of swelling. His vision was blurred, he could neither walk nor talk and his weight plunged from 170 to 124. He was told his career was finished at age 22; fortunately for Zimmer, the prognosis proved incorrect and he made it to the major leagues the following year.
Zimmer was beaned again in 1956 when a fastball thrown by Cincinnati Reds' pitcher Hal Jeffcoat broke his cheekbone, but he persevered. Because of these beanings, it has been widely reported that he had a surgically implanted steel plate in his head. This rumor is false, although the holes drilled in the surgeries following the 1953 beanball were later filled with four tantalum metal corkscrew-shaped "buttons."
In the major leagues, Zimmer remained with the Los Angeles Dodgers after their move west in 1958. In 1960, the Dodgers traded Zimmer to the Chicago Cubs for Johnny Goryl, Ron Perranoski, Lee Handley and $25,000. After the 1961 season, the expansion New York Mets chose Zimmer from the Cubs as the fifth pick in the premium phase of the 1961 Major League Baseball expansion draft, costing the Mets $125,000. In May 1962, the Mets traded Zimmer to the Cincinnati Reds for Cliff Cook and Bob Miller. He returned briefly to the Dodgers in 1963, when the Reds traded him to the Dodgers for Scott Breeden. The Washington Senators purchased Zimmer from the Dodgers in June 1963. The Senators released Zimmer after the 1965 season, and he played for the Toei Flyers of Nippon Professional Baseball in 1966.
In 12 seasons, Zimmer played 1,095 games. He compiled 773 hits, 91 home runs, 352 RBI, 45 stolen bases and a .235 batting average. He played in the World Series with the Dodgers in 1955 and 1959, and was selected to the National League All-Star team in 1961. Although he had a low career batting average, Zimmer was regarded as a fine infielder, willing to fill in at third base, shortstop, and second base. He also caught 33 games in his final season with Washington in 1965.
Coaching and managing careerEdit
Zimmer served as a player-manager for the Cincinnati Reds with the Double-A Knoxville Smokies and Triple-A Buffalo Bisons in 1967. Zimmer ended his playing career after the 1967 season, and he managed the Triple-A Indianapolis Indians in 1968. In 1969, he left the Reds' organization for the expansion San Diego Padres, piloting the Class-A Key West Padres before moving up to the Triple-A Salt Lake City Bees in 1970.
Montreal Expos and San Diego Padres (1971–1973)Edit
In 1971, he joined the Montreal Expos as third-base coach, working under former Dodger Gene Mauch. He spent a year with Mauch, then returned to the Padres to take up a similar post for 1972. But after only 11 games, he was asked to replace Preston Gómez as San Diego's skipper on April 27. The promotion gave Zimmer, now 41, his first managerial job in the major leagues.
Zimmer compiled a 54–88 record for the remainder of 1972, then posted a 60–102 mark in 1973, each season finishing last in the National League West Division. The Padres' attendance woes caused the team's founding majority owner, C. Arnholdt Smith, to sell the club amidst rumors it might move to Washington, D.C. When new owner Ray Kroc bought the team, Zimmer and most of his coaching staff were dismissed.
Boston Red Sox (1974–1980)Edit
He then was hired as the third-base coach for the Boston Red Sox, serving for 2½ seasons. Working under skipper Darrell Johnson, Zimmer's tenure included a memorable event during Game 6 of the 1975 World Series. Boston had the bases loaded and none out in the home half of the ninth inning. The score was tied. A soft fly to left field was too shallow to score the winning run, but baserunner Denny Doyle thought Zimmer's shouts of "No! No! No!" were actually "Go! Go! Go!" He ran for home, and was thrown out at the plate. That play, and Dwight Evans' brilliant catch off Joe Morgan in extra innings, set up Carlton Fisk's classic, game-winning home run.
The 1976 Red Sox never got on track under Johnson who was replaced by Zimmer as manager on July 19. He led them to a winning record, but a disappointing third-place finish in the AL East. The Red Sox would win more than 90 games in each of Zimmer's three full seasons (1977–1979) as manager, only the second time they had pulled off this feat since World War I. His 1978 team won 99 games, still the fourth-best record in franchise history.
However, he is best remembered among Red Sox fans for the team's dramatic collapse during the 1978 season. After leading the Yankees by as many as fourteen games, the Red Sox stumbled in August. By early September that lead was reduced to four games. That lead evaporated in a four-game series against the surging New York Yankees which is still known as "the Boston Massacre."
The Red Sox spent the last month of the season trading first place with the Yankees, forcing a one-game playoff on October 2. In that game, the Yankees took the lead permanently on a legendary home run by Bucky Dent over the Fenway Park Green Monster.
During this stretch, Zimmer made several questionable personnel moves. He never got along with left-handed starting pitcher Bill "Spaceman" Lee. The feeling was mutual; Lee nicknamed Zimmer "The Gerbil." Zimmer's outright hatred of Lee ran so deep that he gave the starting assignment in the last game of the "Massacre" to rookie Bobby Sprowl, who had only been called up from Triple-A Pawtucket a few days earlier. Reportedly, Carl Yastrzemski pleaded with Zimmer to start Lee, who, along with Luis Tiant, had dominated the Yankees during their careers. (Lee, for example, won 12 out of 17 decisions against the Yankees in 10 years with Boston.) Sprowl allowed four walks, one hit and one run in the first inning before being pulled and made only three more major-league starts.
Zimmer also penciled Fisk, the team's longtime starting catcher, into the lineup 154 times (out of a possible 162), a heavy workload for a catcher. Fisk complained of sore knees for much of this stretch and missed most of the next season with a sore arm. Finally, Zimmer kept third baseman Butch Hobson in the lineup, even though Hobson's elbow miseries (he had floating bone chips which he frequently rearranged before coming to the plate) made it impossible for him to hit for power or average, or throw accurately. Hobson made 18 errors during August and September 1978 (and a league-leading 43 errors for the season, resulting in an abysmal .899 fielding percentage). Finally, Zimmer called on Jack Brohamer to replace Hobson on September 23; with Brohamer at third, Boston won its last eight games of the regular season to force a tie with the Yankees, but the Red Sox lost the playoff game on home runs by Dent and Reggie Jackson.
Zimmer next managed the Texas Rangers. He spent less than two years in the job and his firing by owner Eddie Chiles was different. Zimmer was fired on a Monday but asked to remain on through Wednesday's game before being replaced by Darrell Johnson. When asked for the reason he fired Zimmer, Chiles said it was "something personal" but refused to elaborate further.
After Texas, Zimmer coached three stints with the Yankees (1983, 1986, 1996–2003), then coached for the San Francisco Giants in 1987. He served as third base coach for the Chicago Cubs from 1984 to 1986. Zimmer took over as manager of the Cubs in 1988. In 1989, he managed the Cubs to a division title and was named Manager of the Year. He was fired as Cubs manager during the 1991 season after a slow start. Later, he returned to Boston for one season as a coach (under manager Hobson) in 1992. Overall, Zimmer won 906 Major League games as a manager.
Zimmer was on the first coaching staff of the expansion Colorado Rockies in 1993, and coached until walking out, without telling manager Don Baylor, in the middle of a game in the 1995 season. He was unhappy that Baylor had become close to Art Howe, who was added to the Rockies coaching staff in 1995.
New York Yankees and Tampa Bay Rays (1996–2014)Edit
In 1996, he joined the Yankees as their bench coach for their run of four World Series titles. In 1999, Zimmer filled in for manager Joe Torre while he was recuperating from treatment for prostate cancer. Zimmer went 21–15 while guiding the Yankees during Torre's absence. (This record, however, is credited to Torre's managerial record.)
Zimmer was involved in a brawl with Pedro Martínez in the 2003 American League Championship Series, when he ran at Martinez and Martinez threw him to the ground. Zimmer accepted responsibility for the altercation and was apologetic to his family and the Yankees organization but maintained that Martínez was "one of the most unprofessional players" he had ever known. He was also once hit by a sharply struck foul ball batted by Yankee second baseman Chuck Knoblauch. The next game, Zimmer wore an army helmet with the word "ZIM" painted on the side and the Yankees logo stenciled on the front, which was given to him by Michael Patti, a Madison Avenue advertising executive. That event led to the installation of railed fencing in front of the dugouts at Yankee Stadium, which eventually became commonplace at all ballparks.
|Don Zimmer's number 66 was retired by the Tampa Bay Rays in 2015.|
Zimmer was a senior advisor for the Tampa Bay Rays from 2004 to 2014. His role included assisting the team during spring training and during home games. Every year, Zimmer incremented his uniform number by one to match the number of years he has worked in baseball. During the 2014 season he wore #66. (In 2014, longtime Tampa Bay third base coach Tom Foley wore Zimmer's name and number on the back of his own uniform in tribute.) Zimmer often noted that every paycheck he'd ever gotten came from baseball, and that he never held a job in any other profession.
From the 2008 season to his death, Zimmer was one of the last former Brooklyn Dodgers (besides pitchers Don Newcombe and Tommy Lasorda and announcer Vin Scully) still in baseball in some capacity. Zimmer also served as a member of the advisory board of the Baseball Assistance Team, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to helping former Major League, Minor League, and Negro league players through financial and medical difficulties.
|Team||From||To||Regular season record||Post–season record|
|W||L||Win %||W||L||Win %|
|San Diego Padres||1972||1973||114||190||.375||DNQ|
|Boston Red Sox||1976||1980||411||304||.575|
Zimmer grew up in Cincinnati, Ohio. His father owned a wholesale fruit and vegetable company. At home plate before a night game in Elmira on August 16, 1951, Zimmer married Soot (Carol Jean Bauerle), whom he had started dating in 10th grade. Until his death in June 2014, they were still married and lived in Seminole, Florida. They had lived in the Tampa Bay Area since the late 1950s.
Zimmer's son Thomas is a scout with the San Francisco Giants. Zimmer also had a daughter, Donna, and four grandchildren. A grandson, Beau, works as a reporter at WTSP 10, St. Petersburg, Florida.
- Goldstein, Richard. Don Zimmer, Who Spent 60 Eventful Years in Baseball, Dies at 83. The New York Times June 5, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- 1952–53 Elefantes de Cienfuegos season
- 1952–1953 Tigres de Marianao season
- Nuñez, José Antero (1994). Serie del Caribe de la Habana a Puerto la Cruz. JAN Editor. ISBN 980-07-2389-7
- Van Hyning, Thomas. (1995) "Teams for the Ages". Puerto Rico's Winter League: A History of Major League Baseball's Launching Pad. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. pp. 208 and 216. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- "Zimmer Fractures Skull – St. Paul Star, Hit by Pitch, in 'Fair' Condition at Hospital". New York Times. July 9, 1953. p. 28. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "Operation Helps Zimmer". New York Times. July 16, 1953. p. 25. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "Zimmer to Leave Hospital". New York Times. August 1, 1953. p. 16. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- Torres, Angel (August 22, 2007). "Don Zimmer de los Dodgers y el origen del casco protector" (in Spanish). Retrieved June 4, 2014.
- "Popeye the Baseball Man". www.nytimes.com. May 6, 2001. Retrieved June 19, 2008.
- LosAngeles.Dodgers.MLB.com – Don Zimmer de los Dodgers y el origen del casco protector (Spanish)
- Serie del Caribe de la Habana a Puerto La Cruz
- "Viva Baseball: Puerto Rico" Archived June 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- Drebinger, John (June 24, 1956). "3 In Ninth Decide – Single by Nelson Caps Brook Rally –Zimmer Cheekbone Broken". New York Times. p. S1. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "Don Zimmer: Baseball a lifestyle for lovable Zim". mlb.com. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
- "Dome Plate". si.com. April 26, 1999. Retrieved March 28, 2009.
- "Don Zimmer Minor League Statistics & History". baseball-reference.com. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Don Zimmer". retrosheet.org. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Schoenfield, David. "Padres uniform history: The 1970s". espn.go.com. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Shaughnessy, Dan. "Zimmer the ultimate common denominator". boston.com. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Red Sox Fire Darrell Johnson, Promote Don Zimmer," The Associated Press (AP), Tuesday, July 20, 1976. Retrieved August 17, 2019
- "Don Zimmer Takes Over as Red Sox Manager Midway Through 1976, But Team Still Misses Postseason". nesn.com. New England Sports Network. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Gammons, Peter (September 18, 1978). "The Boston Massacre". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Zimmer Fired". The Calgary Herald. July 28, 1982. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Stroop, Joe (July 29, 1982). "Zimmer's firing remains a puzzle". The Day. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "MLB Manager of the Year Award Winners". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Don Zimmer #64". tampabay.rays.mlb.com. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Tempers flare during ALCS Game 3". espn.go.com. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Madden, Bill (October 13, 2003). "Aching Zim Rips Pedro But Regrets His Actions". New York Daily News. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- "Manager and Coaches | raysbaseball.com: Team". Tampabay.rays.mlb.com. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- Rays to retire Don Zimmer's uniform, USA Today, 24 Mar 2015
- Rays to retire Don Zimmer's uniform No. 66 on opening day, Biz Journals, 24 Mar 2015
- "Don Zimmer". Baseball Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- "Longtime baseball fixture Don Zimmer dies at 83". ESPN.com. Associated Press. June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
- "Former Yankees Bench Coach Don Zimmer Dies". CBS New York. June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
- Topkin, Marc (January 16, 2009). "Tampa Bay Rays' senior adviser Don Zimmer recovering from small stroke". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on March 15, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Don Zimmer, iconic coach, manager, dies at 83". USA Today. June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
- Topkin, Marc (June 4, 2014). "Don Zimmer". Twitter. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
Don Zimmer, #Rays senior advisor and baseball legend, has died at age 83, son Tom has told the @TB_Times
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Don Zimmer.|
- Collecting Zim: A Don Zimmer Tribute
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Retrosheet
- Don Zimmer managerial career statistics at Baseball-Reference.com
- Don Zimmer on Charlie Rose
- Works by or about Don Zimmer in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- "Don Zimmer collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
| Montreal Expos third-base coach
| Boston Red Sox third-base coach
| Colorado Rockies third-base coach
| New York Yankees bench coach