The Dodge Phoenix is an automobile which was produced by Chrysler Australia from 1960 to 1972.

Dodge Phoenix
Dodge Phoenix 1960.JPG
1960 Dodge PD4 Phoenix
Overview
ManufacturerChrysler Australia
Production1960 to 1972
AssemblyMile End, Australia
Tonsley Park, Australia
Port Melbourne, Australia
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size
Body style4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
LayoutFR layout
RelatedDodge Dart
Dodge 440
Plymouth Fury
Powertrain
Engine318 cu in (5.2 L) V8
383 cu in (6.3 L) V8
Transmission3spd automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase(1968) 119.0 in (3023 mm)[1]
Length(1968) 213.1 in (5413 mm)[1]
Width(1968) 77.7 in (1974 mm)[1]
Chronology
PredecessorDodge Custom Royal
SuccessorChrysler by Chrysler

The Phoenix was introduced in May 1960 as an Australian assembled version[2] of the American Dodge Dart,[3] positioned above the locally developed Chrysler Royal as Chrysler Australia’s luxury model. It borrowed its name from the top Dart, the Dodge Dart Phoenix, but unlike its American namesake it was offered only as a four-door sedan and only with a 318 cubic inch V8 engine.[4]

The Phoenix was subsequently restyled in line with the 1961 and 1962 Dodge Dart. For 1963 the new TD2 series Phoenix was derived from the US Dodge 440,[5] and for 1965 and beyond the Phoenix was based on the Canadian Plymouth Fury III.[6] Like the 1965 Fury, the 1965 Phoenix featured vertically stacked headlamps.[3] A four-door hardtop body style joined the sedan in 1967.[4] The hardtop was fitted with a 383 cubic inch V8 engine[4] whilst the sedan continued with the smaller 318 cubic inch V8.[4] The two body styles continued to be offered until the Australian Phoenix was discontinued.[7] In addition, variants of the slightly longer U.S. station wagon were sold from the beginning for duty as hearses. Eventually, these were modified with two doors and oversized rear quarter windows, in the British hearse tradition.

Although the 1965 and later Phoenixes were basically Plymouth Furys, they did feature the North American style full size Dodge Polara instrument panel (adapted for right hand drive). They also continued to use the old-fashioned "clapper" windshield wipers (while North American models used modern parallel-action wipers).

After the Phoenix was discontinued, the Australian developed Chrysler by Chrysler inherited the role of the top level luxury model in Chrysler Australia's model range.

Model historyEdit

PD4Edit

The first Australian Dodge Phoenix, coded the PD4, was released in May 1960. A Canadian Dodge with a Plymouth dashboard, it was imported in CKD packs and assembled at Chrysler Australia's Mile End facility. The PD4 Phoenix was offered only as a 4-door sedan, [8] in two trim levels, the De Luxe and the Luxury Liner.[9] The PD4 had a 118-inch wheelbase and was powered by a 318 cubic inch OHV V8 engine. The Phoenix name was derived from the Dodge Dart Phoenix[10] on which it was based.[10]

RD4Edit

The RD4 Phoenix of 1961 used the cabin section of the PD4 with new front and rear bodywork.[10] Dimensions remained unchanged, as did the mechanical specifications[10], again being based in the North American Dodge Dart.

SD2Edit

The SD2 of 1962 featured a shorter 116 inch wheelbase and a completely new body which was both shorter and narrower than its predecessor[10] being now based on the downsized US Dodge Dart.

TD2Edit

The TD2 of 1963 was the first Phoenix to be based on the renamed Dodge 440 model[10], with Dodge moving the Dart name to the new compact A-body line. The 4 door sedan body style and the 318 cubic inch engine were retained.[8]

VD2Edit

The VD2 Phoenix was introduced in 1964.[8] The wheelbase was now 119 inches and the overall length increased by four inches to 212.[10] As in 1963, this car was based on the 1964 North American Dodge 440.

AP2DEdit

The AP2D Phoenix was introduced in 1965.[8] This model was a rebadged Canadian Plymouth Fury III,[10] a strategy that Chrysler Australia would continue through to the end of 1972.[10] The 1965 model featured vertically stacked four-headlight frontal styling.[10] The 318 cubic inch engine were retained.[8] A Plymouth hood ornament was used, with the Dodge "Fratzog" superimposed over the Plymouth outline.

DB6Edit

The 1966 Phoenix was coded DB6.[8] Changes follow the 1966 Fury III; a new grille, revised rear panels, new taillights and a new bootlid.[10]

DCEdit

The 1967 Phoenix was coded as the DC series.[11] It was the first Phoenix to be available with a choice of bodystyles, a 4-door hardtop now offered in addition to the 4 door sedan. The sedan retained the 318 cid V8 engine and while the hardtop was fitted with a 383 cid V8. In the later part of 1967 Chrysler Australia shifted Phoenix assembly from Tonsley Park to its Port Melbourne facility.[10]

DDEdit

The 1968 Phoenix was coded DD.[11] The main changes for 1968 were new rear sheet metal and new taillights.[10]

DEEdit

The DE Phoenix was introduced in 1969.[8] The new model featured horizontal dual headlights,[4] and a 120-inch wheelbase.[10] Overall length was now 214.5 inches.[10] It was marketed as the 400 Limited Edition series with each car carrying a numbered dashboard badge.[10] Production was planned to be limited to 400 sedans and 400 hardtops, although actual production did not reach 400 units of either. 371 examples of the DE were built at Chrysler Australia's Port Melbourne facility in 1969 and a further 385 in 1970.[12] For the first time, DE models featured hidden, parallel-action windshield wipers. The body was completely new and featured the Plymouth Fury "Fuselage" curved sides.

DFEdit

The DF Phoenix was introduced in 1970. Again it was marketed as the Phoenix 400 with sedans and hardtops carrying individually numbered dash plaques. 298 were built at Port Melbourne in 1970 and 110 in 1971.[12]

DGEdit

The DG Phoenix was introduced in 1971. again as the Phoenix 400 with individually numbered sedans and hardtops. 298 were built at Port Melbourne in 1971.[12]

DHEdit

The DH Phoenix was introduced in 1972.[12] 73 were built at Port Melbourne in that year.[12] A decision to close the outdated Port Melbourne facility led to the discontinuation of the Phoenix.[13]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Chrysler Australia sales brochure for 1968 Dodge Phoenix
  2. ^ Latest Dodge is Assembled here, Australian Motor Manual, 1 July 1960, page 11
  3. ^ a b The Phoenix Retrieved from allpar.com on 12 September 2008
  4. ^ a b c d e Glass’s Dealer Guide, Passenger Vehicle Values, South Australian and Northern Territory Edition, June 1973, page 42
  5. ^ Gavin Farmer, Great Ideas in Motion, 2010, page 84
  6. ^ Gavin Farmer, Great Ideas in Motion, 2010, page 87
  7. ^ The Macquarie Dictionary of Motoring, 1986, pages 120-121
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Used Dodge Phoenix, www.redbook.com.au Retrieved on 28 December 2014
  9. ^ New Dodge Phoneix, Australian Motor Sports, June 1960, page 216
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Gavin Farmer, The Big American:The Dodge Phoenix, Chapter Five, Great Ideas in Motion, 2010, pages 73 to 93
  11. ^ a b Dodge Phoenix, en.autowp.ru Retrieved on 28 December 2014
  12. ^ a b c d e Gavin Farmer, Production from Port Melbourne, Great Ideas in Motion, 2010, page 417
  13. ^ Gavin Farmer, Great Ideas in Motion, 2010, page 252

External linksEdit