Doctor Psycho (Dr. Edgar Cizko) is a fictional character appearing in DC Comics publications and related media, traditionally as an adversary of the superhero Wonder Woman. First appearing in Wonder Woman, vol. 1, issue #5 (1943), written by Wonder Woman creator William Moulton Marston, the character would become one of the Amazing Amazon's most persistent enemies, reappearing throughout the Golden, Silver, Bronze and Modern Age of Comics.
|First appearance||Wonder Woman #5 (June / July 1943)|
|Created by||William Moulton Marston|
Harry G. Peter
|Alter ego||Edgar Cizko|
|Team affiliations||Secret Society of Super Villains|
Legion of Doom
|Notable aliases||Carlo Montez, Captain Wonder, Cyril Psycho|
|Abilities||Telepathy, mind control, ability to create illusions|
Over the decades, he has undergone several minor updates as comics continuities have shifted and evolved, though his distinctive physical appearance has remained largely faithful to artist Harry G. Peter's original 1943 design. After DC Comics rebooted its continuity in 1985 (in a publication event known as the Crisis on Infinite Earths), Wonder Woman, her supporting characters and many of her foes, were re-imagined and reintroduced. Prior to this reboot, Doctor Psycho demonstrated a command over the occult and was able to harness supernatural energies to project illusions. Since his Post-Crisis reintroduction, the character has been presented as a powerful telepath and telekenetic. Despite these changes, Doctor Psycho has consistently been portrayed as a misogynistic short person with psychic powers that suffers from a mental illness (ranging from mild obsessiveness to full-blown dissociation).
The character of Doctor Psycho was created by William Moulton Marston, creator of Wonder Woman and author of her original adventures, as an allegory of the folly of abnormal emotions such as misogyny and other hatred, as well as to be another embodiment of what he called "less actively developed men" (emotionally misaligned) who needed emotional reform by a love leader (Wonder Woman). William Moulton Marston's creation of Doctor Psycho drew upon his interest in metaphysics and spiritualism. Marston, a psychologist, created Doctor Psycho as a murderous psychopath with an intense hatred of women. The character was partly inspired by actor Lon Chaney ("Man of a thousand faces") and partly by Marston's undergraduate advisor Hugo Münsterberg, who was opposed to women's suffrage and feminism, and was into metaphysics. Doctor Psycho was also one of several villains created for Wonder Woman who were occultists, beguiling the masses for their own self-enriching purposes.
As Wonder Woman's rogues and supporting cast were largely jettisoned during the period that Robert Kanigher wrote and edited the issues, Doctor Psycho remained one of the few villains to appear in the Golden, Silver, and Bronze Age adventures. The character was also one of the few such villains to be modernized in the early issues of the post-Crisis on Infinite Earths issues.
Fictional character biographyEdit
Doctor Psycho first appears as a pawn of the Duke of Deception. The God of War, enraged that women were gaining power in Earth society and potentially threatening his ability to engulf the world in war, ordered Deception to discredit women. Deception called upon Doctor Psycho to set about eliminating women from the war effort.
Doctor Psycho was revealed in flashback to have been a medical student who was frequently humiliated by his peers. He discovered that his fiancée Marva Jane Gray was in love with college athletic champion Ben Bradley. Bradley removed him as a rival for Marva's affections by stealing $125,000 worth of radium from the college lab and hunching down in disguise so that Marva would think she saw her diminutive fiancé as the culprit.
Convicted on the basis of Marva's testimony, Psycho seethed behind bars for years, planning his revenge while developing an intense hatred of all women. Upon his release, he tortured and killed Bradley, who falsely confessed that Marva was his willing accomplice. Psycho then kidnapped and tortured Marva, hypnotically compelling her to marry him, and then subjecting her to daily occult experiments.
Learning that he could use Marva as a medium for summoning ectoplasm he could use at will to fashion and animate human forms around his own misshapen body, he created a new career for himself as an occultist and sham psychic who developed a following of millions.
At Deception's urging, he used his fame as an occultist to campaign for eliminating women from the war effort by creating an ectoplasmic form purporting to be the spirit of George Washington, claiming that women were hindering the war effort. He also disguised himself as Colonel Darnell of Military Intelligence to frame female staff of military intelligence for espionage.
With the aid of Steve Trevor and the Holliday College girls, Wonder Woman disrupted his plot but was forced to let him go, unable to prove any of his crimes in a court of law. Doctor Psycho fixated his pathological hatred of women into fantasies of revenge against Wonder Woman.
Freed from Psycho's influence, Marva joined the WAACs and helped Wonder Woman expose Nazi saboteur Stoffer, who had disguised himself as General Scott.
Psycho was eventually imprisoned but escaped by faking his own death, kidnapping Marva and then his former secretary, Joan White, to use as mediums for his ectoplasmic power. He attempted to court Etta Candy in a disguise, but his cover was blown by Etta's suitor Oscar Sweetgulper and he was returned to prison.
In the Golden Age, Psycho's brother Ironsides was a brilliant geologist who was also a villain. Ironsides invented the Iron Giant's disguise. He did not, however, display any superpowers.
Psycho eventually realized that he could use Steve Trevor as a medium. Kidnapping Trevor, he fashioned an ectoplasmic dream of power from Trevor's unconscious mind and became the powerful Captain Wonder, who teamed up with the Silver Swan to destroy Wonder Woman. His powerful form was destroyed when Trevor awakened from his slumber.
When the Monitor was testing heroes and villains in the run-up to the Crisis on Infinite Earths, he set up Doctor Psycho to retrieve ectoplasmic machinery from military intelligence and to fight with several of Wonder Woman's other rogues, but they were defeated by the combined might of Wonder Woman and Etta Candy, who used the ectoplasm machine to create a superpowered version of herself patterned after Wonder Woman.
He is a telepath with the ability to enter and sometimes shape other people's dreams. Psycho was enlisted by Circe to create disturbing dreams for Wonder Woman's close friend, Vanessa Kapatelis, with the result that Wonder Woman would be forced to separate herself from her closest allies. This was part of a plot intended to leave Wonder Woman isolated and create widespread public fear of her fellow Amazons. Psycho later helps warp Kapatelis' damaged psyche to turn her into the new Silver Swan.
Dr. Psycho's plans are foiled and he subsequently spends some time as a patient in a mental facility, confined to a padded room and a straitjacket. Several members of the time-lost Legion of Super-Heroes were in telepathic range. When Saturn Girl mentally shouts for a lost member, this awakened Dr. Psycho enough for him to attack several staff members and flee. The call brought him to the Legion, whom he also attacks.
In the Villains United miniseries leading up to Infinite Crisis, Psycho has surfaced as a core member of Lex Luthor's Secret Society of Super Villains. Working with Talia al Ghul, he recruits many supervillains for the Society, and is rejected and successfully rebuffed by Catman. He threatens to have Catman kill himself. The presence of the man's loyal pack of lions convinces Psycho that he might be eaten if he forces Catman to harm himself. This rejection angers him, causing much grumbling for some time afterwards. He also spends time working with Deathstroke in order to capture one of the Marvel Family. Other members of the Society realize that Psycho is trying to mentally influence them. Unaffected, they brush it off as something to be expected.
After the events of the 6th issue of Infinite Crisis, Psycho travels with Warp to free Doomsday from captivity near the center of the Earth. He takes control of Doomsday, and uses him to spearhead a supervillain assault on Metropolis. The villains lose this battle.
One Year Later, Doctor Psycho is arrested and put on trial with Kate Spencer (Manhunter) as his defense attorney. Following his arrest, he is abandoned by the Society. During the trial, he uses his mind-controlling abilities to make Spencer dream of herself dressed as Wonder Woman in a scene reminiscent of the Roman Colosseum. Before the trial verdict could be revealed, his powers are returned to him as a result of his ties to the Society who had constructed the machine that was blocking them. He uses his telepathy to hold the people in the courtroom hostage.
This forces Spencer to try to put on her uniform but she instead reveals herself to Doctor Psycho as Manhunter. Psycho then makes Kate put on her suit, but drops his guard to sneak a kiss with her, resulting in him being stabbed in the stomach and head. This causes him to forget about Kate's alter-ego and lose his powers.
Doctor Psycho has lately been shown still in a position of authority with the Society in the Secret Six miniseries. He has been working with former enemy Cheshire for Vandal Savage and hiring various villains to put out hits on other Secret Six members. In the final issue of Secret Six (December 2006), he is stabbed repeatedly and seriously injured by the Mad Hatter.
On the cover of Justice League of America (vol. 2) #13, it shows Doctor Psycho as a member of the latest Injustice League.
The New 52Edit
In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, Doctor Psycho first appears in Superboy; a con man psychic who practices seance, using his telepathy to steal identities of customers in Manhattan. The purpose of this guise is to hide from the H.I.V.E., who are hunting those with telepathic abilities. He first encounters Superboy after hearing about aliens in the city. His astral form is unintentionally pulled into Superboy's mind, who is fighting Plasmus.
After learning of Superboy's origin, which remains unknown to Superboy, he attempts to befriend him. The two are attacked by agents of H.I.V.E, which they defeat. They form an alliance against the organization. During their investigation, they run into a girl with psionic powers named Sarah, her powers manifest into a being called Decay; she had been previously experimented on by the H.I.V.E.
He later appears in Teen Titans vol. 2 #11, where he is on the Metropolis prison talking with Psimon. Then he appears in Teen Titans vol. 2 #13, where he is trying to get Raven's powers, but he accidentally looks into her mind, where he sees her killing him.
Later during the "Trinity War" storyline, Question gives Superman a newspaper clipping stating that Doctor Psycho was sighted in Khandaq the day when Doctor Light was killed. This causes Superman, Question, and the Justice League to go after Doctor Psycho. Superman, Question, and the others arrive in Pittsburgh to confront Doctor Psycho. Martian Manhunter looks into Doctor Psycho's mind and learns that he was sent to Kahndaq by the Secret Society, but did not do anything to control Superman's mind.
During the "Forever Evil" storyline, Doctor Psycho is among the villains recruited by the Crime Syndicate to join the Secret Society of Super Villains. Then he appears in Justice League vol. 2 #29, where he is sent by the Society, along with the Fearsome Five and Hector Hammond, to fight against Cyborg and the Metal Men. He ends up being defeated by Gold.
After the events of DC Rebirth, Doctor Psycho's history had been altered. Using his illusions to pose as a scientist for A.R.G.U.S. named Dr. Edward Carne, Doctor Psycho was first seen after Vanessa Kapatelis was defeated and brought into custody by Wonder Woman. As Doctor Carne, Psycho told Wonder Woman that when Vanessa woke from her comatose state that he would be there for her.
Powers and abilitiesEdit
Psycho is a skilled occultist, and uses psionic powers to traumatize and terrify those who stand in his way. In his Pre-Crisis appearances, he was a hypnotist skilled in the occult who used his victims to draw ectoplasm into the physical world, which he shaped into various beings and disguises.
In The New 52 continuity, Doctor Psycho possesses psychic abilities including the regular telepathy, mind control, astral projection, telekinesis, levitation, projecting destructive blasts of psionic energy and creating psionic energy constructs such as armor, although Edgar has stated that he possesses every psionic power imaginable. However, he does not have the energy required to use his abilities to their fullest. He can overcome this weakness by siphoning mental energies from other individuals with psionic powers such as Superboy.
Wonder Woman '77Edit
Doctor Psycho appears in the second story from Wonder Woman '77, a series based on the Wonder Woman TV series, though he did not have any appearances in that television series. The doctor escapes a mental institution and abducts Wonder Woman. Using his telepathic machines, Doctor Psycho convinces Diana that she is no longer Wonder Woman. The superheroine escapes his mental labyrinth and defeats Doctor Psycho and his illusions, returning him to the mental institution.
Wonder Woman: Earth OneEdit
Doctor Psycho appears as a primary antagonist in the second volume of Wonder Woman: Earth One by writer Grant Morrison and artist Yanick Paquette. This version of the character is Dr. Leon Zeiko, a pick-up artist who manipulates Wonder Woman.
Gods and MonstersEdit
Doctor Psycho appears in the tie-in comics of Justice League: Gods and Monsters under the identity of Dr. Jackson Alpert, who's working for a C.I.A. project called MKUltra, where they used psychotropic drugs to experiment on human beings without their knowledge or permission, all because they wanted to control people, but Alpert wanted to set them free, bring them to the next level of evolution. Because of this disagreement, he left the C.I.A. project and joined the "Hairies" on The Farm in New York, where he conducted his experiments on people with the chemicals developed by him in his lab, but their experiments went awry, turning them into wild, violent creatures, disgusting Bekka, the Wonder Woman. Thanks to Bekka's crystal gems created by her Mother Box, Doctor Psycho advanced in his experiments, but his misrepresented goals turned people in his lab into monsters. Despite this he founded The Eternity Institute in Switzerland and all he'd achieved—the extraordinary advances in science, medicine and technology—over the next forty years Alpert became a notorious recluse, never being seen in public and secretly harvesting DNA of the Justice League. He was the one who created the Forever People, claiming to be the result of his efforts to develop humanity and lead them to a new world of peace and order, devoting to wipe out disease, poverty and war. But beneath all a veneer of goodness and altruism lay the essence of a greedy man, and in his dying days, evolved into Imperiex using DNA of the League and the Forever Formula. He was defeated and Bekka killed the evil doctor with her sword.
In other mediaEdit
- "Doctor Psycho" is the title of the fourth episode of the fourth season of the TV series Orange Is the New Black. Two characters exchange dialogue about Wonder Woman, and one of the characters later refers to another as Doctor Psycho, to which the other replies "the one who hates women!"
- Doctor Psycho appears in Powerless episode "Emergency Punch-Up", portrayed by an uncredited Ronnie Zappa. In the show, he appears as a subject of a documentary about supervillains. Later on, a reporter tells the story that Doctor Psycho has released a dangerous gas which causes Wayne Security to go on lockdown until the all clear can be given.
- Doctor Psycho made his animated debut as a regular character in the DC Universe's adult animated series Harley Quinn, voiced by Tony Hale. According to the character description, he is "an angry misogynist dwarf with telekinesis" rejected by other supervillains after calling Wonder Woman and Giganta "the C-word" on live television. He was married to the latter and they have a seemingly normal teenage son named Herman (voiced by Mark Whitten), but Giganta divorces him after learning he used his mind-control to make her love him, taking custody of Herman. After being kicked out of the Legion of Doom by Lex Luthor as a result of what happened, Psycho reluctantly joins forces with Harley Quinn in order to get back into the world of supervillainy. In the episode "You're a Damn Good Cop, Jim Gordon", Psycho and Poison Ivy seek revenge on an online personality called the Cowled Critic after he slandered them, only to discover it is Herman, who is bitter about his father abusing him. Doctor Psycho explains he was trying to inspire Herman to grow up to be a supervillain and admits he is proud of his son for critiquing supervillains; allowing them to reconcile. While he remained by his newfound allies' side through most of the show, in the episode "Inner (Para) Demons", Psycho becomes enraged with Harley after she gains control of a Parademon army from Darkseid, only to relinquish control of them. He quits the crew so he can seek revenge against Harley and conquer the Earth for himself, starting with Gotham City. In "Dye Hard", he strikes a partnership with the Riddler and releases him from Harley's crew's custody to help him steal a mind control helmet to strengthen his powers so he can enslave the Parademons left in Gotham. He succeeds in conquering Gotham, but fails to kill Harley due to Sy Borgman sacrificing himself to help her escape. In "A Fight Worth Fighting For", Psycho strikes a deal with Darkseid to kill Harley in exchange for an army large enough to take over the world, and enslaves Poison Ivy; sending her to kill Harley. Psycho also tells Darkseid how he suffers from a Napoleon complex since he was a child, as he was not allowed to ride a Ferris wheel due to his short stature, and that he decided to become a villain after the ferris wheel collapsed and he realized he enjoyed seeing other people suffer. In "Lovers' Quarrel", Psycho is defeated by the combined efforts of Harley, Ivy after she was released from his control, and the Justice League, but he retaliates by showing Ivy's memory of her having sex with Harley to everyone in Gotham to embarrass them. He was subsequently sent to Arkham Asylum in the season two finale, "The Runaway Bridesmaid".
- Doctor Psycho appears in DC Universe Online. He is seen as a member of the Secret Society of Super Villains and is shown running an experimental facility within Metropolis General Hospital funded by LexCorp. He had also used Kryptonite to capture Supergirl in order to study her DNA for Lex Luthor. The players defeat Doctor Psycho and free Supergirl. In the villain campaign, the players help Doctor Psycho capture Supergirl.
- In Scribblenauts Unmasked: A DC Comics Adventure, Doctor Psycho is one of the thousands of characters that can be summoned by the player.
- Doctor Psycho appears in a flashback of Teen Titans Go! #54.
- Doctor Psycho appeared in the All-New Batman: The Brave and the Bold comic book series (which is based on the animated series of the same name). He was seen with the other Wonder Woman villains (consisting of Amoeba Man, Angle Man, Blue Snowman, Cheetah, Crimson Centipede, Fireworks Man, Giganta, Mouse Man, and Paper-Man) as they, along with an assortment of Batman's villains, crashed the wedding between Batman and Wonder Woman. They were swiftly defeated by the joint efforts of the Justice League and the Amazons of Themyscira.
- Doctor Psycho battles Wonder Woman in Dr. Psycho's Circus of Crime by Paul Kupperberg published by Capstone as part of their DC Super Heroes line of illustrated children's books.
- Beatty, Scott (2008). "Doctor Psycho". In Dougall, Alastair (ed.). The DC Comics Encyclopedia. New York: Dorling Kindersley. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-7566-4119-1. OCLC 213309017.
- Cowsill, Alan; Irvine, Alex; Korte, Steve; Manning, Matt; Wiacek, Win; Wilson, Sven (2016). The DC Comics Encyclopedia: The Definitive Guide to the Characters of the DC Universe. DK Publishing. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-4654-5357-0.
- Lepore, Jill (2014). "The Last Amazon". The New Yorker.
- Wells, John (2014). American Comic Book Chronicles: 1965-1969. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 120. ISBN 978-1605490557.
- Cowsill, Alan; Irvine, Alex; Manning, Matthew K.; McAvennie, Michael; Wallace, Daniel (2019). DC Comics Year By Year: A Visual Chronicle. DK Publishing. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-4654-8578-6.
- Rovin, Jeff (1987). The Encyclopedia of Supervillains. New York: Facts on File. pp. 102–103. ISBN 0-8160-1356-X.
- Wonder Woman #5
- Sensation Comics #20
- Wonder Woman #18
- Wonder Woman #323
- Wonder Woman vol. 3 #01
- Wonder Woman vol. 3 #27
- Superboy #18 (May 2013)
- Superboy #20 (July 2013)
- Superboy #21 (August 2013)
- Justice League Dark #22
- Justice League of America vol. 3 #7
- Wonder Woman #40 (April 2018)
- Justice League: No Justice #1 (2018)
- Doomsday Clock #6 (July 2018). DC Comics.
- Wonder Woman '77 Special #1 (2015)
- Justice League: Gods and Monsters #2
- "'Harley Quinn': Alan Tudyk Explains How His Joker Is Different Than Mark Hamill's". Comicbook.com. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
Here's a funny story, Tony Hale plays Psycho, Doctor Psycho (...)
- "Harley Quinn animated series supporting character breakdowns revealed". Flickering Myth. 2018-02-09. Retrieved 2019-04-20.
- All-New Batman: The Brave and the Bold #4
- "Dr. Psycho's Circus of Crime". Capstone.
- Beatty, Scott (2009). Wonder Woman: The Ultimate Guide to the Amazon Princess. Dorling Kindersley Publishing. pp. 95. ISBN 0-7894-9616-X.
- Jett, Brett. "Who Is Wonder Woman?--Bonus PDF"," (2009): "The Villains: Major Allegories", pp 5–6.
- Marston, William Moulton. Emotions Of Normal People. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co, Ltd. 1928. ISBN 1406701165
|← The object Kryptonite first appeared publicly in radio. See Kryptonite for more info and the previous timeline.|| Timeline of DC Comics (1940s)
June / July 1943
|The Batman film serial was released. See Batman (serial) for more info and next timeline. →|