Doberlug-Kirchhain is a town in the district of Elbe-Elster, Brandenburg, Germany.

Doberlug-Kirchhain
Doberlug-Kirchhain May2015 img8 Altstadt.jpg
Coat of arms of Doberlug-Kirchhain
Coat of arms
Location of Doberlug-Kirchhain within Elbe-Elster district
Doberlug-Kirchhain in EE.png
Doberlug-Kirchhain is located in Germany
Doberlug-Kirchhain
Doberlug-Kirchhain
Doberlug-Kirchhain is located in Brandenburg
Doberlug-Kirchhain
Doberlug-Kirchhain
Coordinates: 51°37′N 13°34′E / 51.617°N 13.567°E / 51.617; 13.567Coordinates: 51°37′N 13°34′E / 51.617°N 13.567°E / 51.617; 13.567
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictElbe-Elster
Subdivisions10 Ortsteile
Government
 • MayorBodo Broszinski (FDP)
Area
 • Total148.93 km2 (57.50 sq mi)
Elevation
97 m (318 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total9,062
 • Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
03253
Dialling codes035322
Vehicle registrationEE
Websitewww.doberlug-kirchhain.de

HistoryEdit

937. The town of Kirchhain was built by Margrave Gero. A document written in 1005 mentions the town Doberlug (Dobraluh) for the first time. In 1165 the Cistercian Dobrilugk Abbey was founded by Margrave Dietrich of Landsberg.

1235. Kirchhain received market-rights. In 1431 the Hussites destroyed the town of Doberlug and the abbey was devastated. In 1637 and 1643 the Swedes destroyed Kirchhain.

1848. The jurisdictions of Doberlug and Kirchhain were unified, but the actual merger of the two towns did not take place until over one hundred years later, in 1950.

During World War II, Kirchhain was taken by the Red Army on 23 April 1945.

On August 28, 1992, the Amt Doberlug-Kirchhain was created to streamline the administration of the town together with the surrounding 8 small municipalities. Nexdorf and Frankena later joined as well. The municipalities incorporated into the town were Frankena (2000), Dübrichen, Hennersdorf, Nexdorf, Prießen and Werenzhain (2001), and Buchhain (2002). The remaining three municipalities Arenzhain, Trebbus and Lugau were incorporated on October 26, 2003, thus ending the history of the Amt.

DemographyEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 9,024—    
1890 10,082+0.74%
1910 11,320+0.58%
1925 11,386+0.04%
1933 12,007+0.67%
1939 12,209+0.28%
1946 16,328+4.24%
1950 16,198−0.20%
1964 13,457−1.32%
1971 13,395−0.07%
1981 12,560−0.64%
1985 12,527−0.07%
1989 12,086−0.89%
1990 11,996−0.74%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 11,752−2.03%
1992 11,628−1.06%
1993 11,477−1.30%
1994 11,259−1.90%
1995 11,209−0.44%
1996 11,135−0.66%
1997 11,095−0.36%
1998 11,130+0.32%
1999 11,013−1.05%
2000 10,936−0.70%
2001 10,705−2.11%
2002 10,494−1.97%
2003 10,323−1.63%
2004 10,137−1.80%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 9,890−2.44%
2006 9,764−1.27%
2007 9,530−2.40%
2008 9,342−1.97%
2009 9,225−1.25%
2010 9,083−1.54%
2011 8,982−1.11%
2012 8,875−1.19%
2013 8,759−1.31%
2014 8,625−1.53%
2015 8,746+1.40%
2016 9,179+4.95%
2017 9,033−1.59%

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms of the town shows the town hall with three towers topped with yellow flags. Below is a green ring. On top are two clouds and rays of the sun. The shield is blue, and shaped like a leather sheet, symbolizing the history of the city as a tannery center. The coat of arms was created in 1950 by combining the symbols of the coats of arms of Doberlug and Kirchhain: the green ring and the sun are taken from the arms of Doberlug, while the town hall is from those of Kirchhain.

Twin townsEdit

Doberlug-Kirchhain is twinned with Hemer in North Rhine-Westphalia and Kirchhain in Hesse.

Notable natives and residentsEdit

KirchhainEdit

DoberlugEdit

PhotogalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit

  Media related to Doberlug-Kirchhain at Wikimedia Commons