Divisions of Pakistan

The four provinces and autonomous territories of Pakistan are subdivided into administrative "divisions", which are further subdivided into districts, tehsils and finally union councils. These divisions were abolished in 2000, but restored in 2008. The divisions do not include the Islamabad Capital Territory or the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, which were counted at the same level as provinces, but in 2018 the Federally Administered Tribal Areas were subsumed into Khyber-Paktunkhwa Province.


Administrative divisions had formed an integral tier of government from colonial times. The Governor's provinces of British India were subdivided into divisions, which were themselves subdivided into districts. At independence in 1947, the new nation of Pakistan comprised two wings – eastern and western, separated by India. Three of the provinces of Pakistan were subdivided into ten administrative divisions. The single province in the eastern wing, East Bengal, had four divisions – Chittagong, Dacca, Khulna and Rajshahi. The province of West Punjab had four divisions – Lahore, Multan, Rawalpindi and Sargodha. The North-West Frontier Province (as it was then called) had two divisions – Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. Most of the divisions were named after the divisional capitals, with some exceptions.

From 1955 to 1970, the One Unit policy meant that there were only two provinces – East and West Pakistan. East Pakistan had the same divisions as East Bengal had previously, but West Pakistan gradually gained seven new divisions to add to the original six. The Baluchistan States Union became Kalat Division, while the former Baluchistan Chief Commissioner's Province became Quetta Division. Most of the former Sind Province became Hyderabad Division, with some parts joining the princely state of Khairpur to form Khairpur Division. The former princely state of Bahawalpur became Bahawalpur Division, therefore joining West Punjab. The Federal Capital Territory was absorbed into West Pakistan in 1961 and merged with the princely state of Las Bela to form the Karachi-Bela Division. In 1969, the princely states of Chitral, Dir and Swat were incorporated into West Pakistan as the division of Malakand with Saidu as the divisional headquarters.

New DivisionsEdit

When West Pakistan was dissolved, the divisions were regrouped into four new provinces. Gradually over the late 1970s, new divisions were formed; Hazara and Kohat divisions were split from Peshawar Division; Gujranwala Division was formed from parts of Lahore and Rawalpindi divisions; Dera Ghazi Khan Division was split from Multan Division; Faisalabad Division was split from Sargodha Division; Sibi Division was formed from parts of Kalat and Quetta divisions; Lasbela District was transferred from Karachi Division to Kalat Division; Makran Division split from Kalat Division. The name of Khairpur Division was changed to Sukkur Division. Shaeed Benazir Abad (Nawabshah) is also a new division in sindh.

During the military rule of General Zia-ul-Haq, the Advisory Council of Islamic Ideology (headed by Justice Tanzilur Rahman) was tasked with finding ways to Islamicise the country. One of its recommendations was that the existing four provinces should be dissolved and the twenty administrative divisions should become new provinces in a federal structure with greater devolution of power, but this proposal was never implemented.

In the recent past (i.e. in last three decades), Naseerabad Division was split from Sibi Division; Zhob Division was split from Quetta Division; Bannu Division was split from Dera Ismail Khan Division; Mardan Division was split from Peshawar Division; Larkana Division and Shaheed Benazirabad Division [1] were split from Sukkur Division; Mirpur Khas Division and Banbhore Division [2] were split from Hyderabad Division. Sahiwal Division was formed from parts of Lahore and Multan Divisions while Sheikhupura Division was formed from Lahore and Faisalabad Divisions. The capital of Kalat Division was moved from Kalat to Khuzdar. Rakhshan Division is recently added to Balochistan comprising parts of Quetta and Kalat Divisions with capital at Kharan.


In August 2000, local government reforms abolished the "Division" as an administrative tier and introduced a system of local government councils, with the first elections held in 2001. Following that there was radical restructuring of the local government system to implement "the principle of subsidiarity, whereby all functions that can be effectively performed at the local level are transferred to that level". This meant devolution of many functions, to districts and tehsils, which were previously handled at the provincial and divisional levels. At abolition, there were twenty-six divisions in Pakistan proper – five in Sindh, six in Balochistan, seven in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and eight in Punjab. Abolition did not affect the three divisions of Azad Kashmir, which form the second tier of government.


In 2008, after the public elections, the new government decided to restore the divisions of all provinces.[3]

In Sindh after the lapse of the Local Governments Bodies term in 2010 the Divisional Commissioners system was to be restored.[4][5][6]

In July 2011, following excessive violence in the city of Karachi and after the political split between the ruling PPP and the majority party in Sindh, the MQM and after the resignation of the MQM Governor of Sindh, PPP and the Govt. of Sindh decided to restore the commissionerate system in the province. As a consequence, the five divisions of Sindh have been restored namely, Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Mirpurkhas and Larkana with their respective districts. As mentioned earlier, two new divisions added in Sindh i.e Bhanbore and Nawab Shah/Shaheed Benazirabad divisions.[7]

Karachi district has been de-merged into its 5 original constituent districts namely Karachi East, Karachi West, Karachi Central, Karachi South and Malir. Recently Korangi has been upgraded to the status of sixth district of Karachi. These six districts form the Karachi Division now.[8]

The Current DivisionsEdit

The following tables show the current Divisions by province with their respective populations as of 2017 Census of Pakistan.[9]

Divisions of Balochistan Province
Division Area (km2) Population
1998 Census
2017 Census
Kalat 140,612 1,443,727 2,509,230 Khuzdar
Makran 52,067 832,753 1,489,015 Turbat
Naseerabad 16,946 988,109 1,591,144 Dera Murad Jamali
Quetta 64,310 1,713,952 4,174,562 Quetta
Sibi 27,055 630,901 1,038,010 Sibi
Zhob 46,200 956,443 1,542,447 Loralai
Rakhshan 89,013 409,473 737,162 Kharan
Divisions of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province
Division Area (km2) Population
1998 Census
2017 Census
Bannu 4,391 1,165,692 2,044,074 Bannu
Dera Ismail Khan 9,005 1,091,211 2,019,017 Dera Ismail Khan
Hazara 17,194 3,505,581 5,325,121 Abbottabad
Kohat 7,012 1,307,969 2,218,971 Kohat
Malakand 29,872 4,262,700 7,514,694 Saidu Sharif
Mardan 3,046 2,486,904 3,997,677 Mardan
Peshawar 4,001 3,923,588 7,403,817 Peshawar
Divisions of Punjab Province
Division Area (km2) Population
1998 Census
2017 Census
Bahawalpur 45,588 7,635,591 11,464,031 Bahawalpur
Dera Ghazi Khan 38,778 6,503,590 11,014,398 Dera Ghazi Khan
Faisalabad 17,917 9,885,685 14,177,081 Faisalabad
Gujranwala 17,206 11,431,058 16,123,984 Gujranwala
Lahore 11,727 8,694,620 19,581,281 Lahore
Multan 17,935 8,447,557 12,265,161 Multan
Rawalpindi 22,255 6,659,528 10,007,821 Rawalpindi
Sahiwal 10,302 5,362,866 7,380,386 Sahiwal
Sargodha 26,360 5,679,766 8,181,499 Sargodha
Divisions of Sindh Province
Division Area (km2) Population
1998 Census
2017 Census
Banbhore 28,171 2,585,417 3,566,300[10] Thatta
Hyderabad 33,527 4,610,071 7,026,335 Hyderabad
Karachi 3,528 9,856,318 16,051,521 Karachi
Sukkur 24,505 3,447,935 5,538,555 Sukkur
Larkana 15,543 4,210,650 6,192,380 Larkana
Mirpur Khas 28,171 2,585,417 4,228,683 Mirpur Khas
Shaheed Benazirabad 18,175 3,510,036 5,282,277 Nawabshah
Divisions of Gilgit-Baltistan
Division Area (km2) Population
1998 Census
2017 Census
Gilgit - Gilgit
Baltistan - Skardu
Diamer - Chilas
Divisions of Azad Jammu Kashmir
Division Area (km2) Population
1998 Census
2017 Census
Mirpur 4,388 1,198,249 1,651,018 Mirpur
Muzaffarabad 6,117 745,733 1,072,150 Muzaffarabad
Poonch 2,792 1,028,541 1,322,198 Rawalakot

Divisions by populationEdit

Division Pop-2017 Pop-1998 Pop-1981 Area
(in km.2)
Capital Province
Azad Kashmir 4,045,366 2,972,523 1,980,000 13,297 Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir
Bahawalpur 11,464,031 7,635,591 4,068,636 45,588 Bahawalpur Punjab
Bannu 2,044,074 1,165,692 710,786 4,391 Bannu KPK
Dera Ghazi Khan 11,014,398 6,503,590 3,746,837 38,778 Dera Ghazi Khan Punjab
Dera Ismail Khan 2,019,017 1,091,211 635,494 9,005 Dera Ismail Khan KPK
Faisalabad 14,177,081 9,885,685 6,667,425 17,917 Faisalabad Punjab
F.A.T.A. 5,001,676 3,176,331 2,198,547 27,220 Islamabad F.A.T.A.
Gujranwala 16,123,984 11,431,058 7,642,118 17,206 Gujranwala Punjab
Hazara 5,325,121 3,505,581 2,701,257 17,194 Abbottabad KPK
Hyderabad 10,592,635 6,829,537 4,678,290 2000 Hyderabad Sindh
Islamabad 2,006,572 805,235 340,286 906 Islamabad Islamabad
Kalat 2,509,230 1,457,722 1,044,174 140,612 Khuzdar Balochistan
Karachi 16,051,521 9,856,318 5,437,984 3,528 Karachi Sindh
Kohat 2,218,971 1,307,969 758,772 7,012 Kohat KPK
Lahore 19,398,081 12,015,649 7,183,097 11,727 Lahore Punjab
Larkana 6,192,380 4,210,650 2,746,201 15,543 Larkana Sindh
Makran 1,489,015 832,753 652,602 52,067 Turbat Balochistan
Malakand 7,514,694 4,262,700 2,466,767 29,872 Saidu KPK
Mardan 3,997,677 2,486,904 1,506,500 3046 Mardan KPK
Mirpur Khas 4,228,683 2,585,417 1,501,882 28,171 Mirpur Khas Sindh
Multan 12,265,161 8,447,557 5,408,561 17,935 Multan Punjab
Nasirabad 591,144 1,076,708 699,669 16,946 Dera Murad Jamali Balochistan
Gilgit-Baltistan 910,000 562,000 72,520 Gilgit Gilgit-Baltistan
Peshawar 7,403,817 3,923,588 2,281,752 4,001 Peshawar KPK
Quetta 4,174,562 1,699,957 880,618 64,310 Quetta Balochistan
Rawalpindi 10,007,821 6,659,528 4,432,729 22,255 Rawalpindi Punjab
Sargodha 8,181,499 5,679,766 3,930,628 26,360 Sargodha Punjab
Sahiwal 5,362,866 4,271,247 10,302 Sahiwal Punjab
Shaheed Benazirabad 5,282,277 3,510,036 2,560,448 18,175 Shaheed Benazirabad Sindh
Sibi 1,038,010 630,901 305,768 27,055 Sibi Balochistan
Sukkur 5,538,555 3,447,935 2,103,861 34,752 Sukkur Sindh
Zhob 1,542,447 956,443 749,545 46,200 Loralai Balochistan


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Correspondent, The Newspaper's (25 May 2014). "Shaheed Benazirabad made division".
  2. ^ "Bhanbhore made sixth division of Sindh". www.thenews.com.pk.
  3. ^ "Commissionerate system restored". Archived from the original on 2010-01-09. Retrieved 2010-04-26.
  4. ^ "Commissioner system to be restored soon: Sindh CM".[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Commissioner system to be restored soon: Durrani". Archived from the original on 2012-07-31.
  6. ^ "Sindh: Commissioner system may be revived today".
  7. ^ "Commissioners, DCs posted in Sindh". Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2011-07-13.
  8. ^ "Sindh back to 5 divisions after 11 years".
  9. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-29.
  10. ^ http://www.pbs.gov.pk/content/block-wise-provisional-summary-results-6th-population-housing-census-2017-january-03-2018
  11. ^ "Info" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk.
  12. ^ "Pakistan Divisions". www.statoids.com.

External linksEdit