Director of the United States Secret Service
The Director of the United States Secret Service is the head of the United States Secret Service, and responsible for the day-to-day operations.
|Director of the|
United States Secret Service
Seal of the Secret Service
Flag of the Secret Service
|United States Secret Service|
|Reports to||Secretary of Homeland Security|
|Appointer||President of the United States|
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Formation||July 5, 1865|
|First holder||William P. Wood (as Chief)|
|Deputy||Deputy Director of the Secret Service|
The Secret Service is a federal law enforcement agency that is part of the United States Department of Homeland Security. The Service is mandated by Congress to carry out a unique dual mission: safeguarding the financial and critical infrastructure of the United States, and protecting the nation’s leaders.
The Director is appointed by, and serves at the pleasure of the President of the United States, and is not subject to Senate confirmation. The Director reports to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and operates with the general directions thereof. Prior to March 1, 2003, the Secret Service was a part of the United States Department of the Treasury.
President Abraham Lincoln signed legislation creating the Secret Service on April 14, 1865, the day of his assassination. It was commissioned on July 5, 1865, in Washington, D.C. as the "Secret Service Division" of the Department of the Treasury. After being appointed by President Andrew Johnson, William P. Wood was sworn in as the first Chief of the Secret Service on July 5, 1865 by Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch.
When the Secret Service was established, its head was called the Chief of the Secret Service. In 1965, the title was changed to the Director of the Secret Service, four years into the term of James Joseph Rowley (1961–1973). The longest serving head of the Secret Service was William H. Moran, who served under five presidents from 1917 to 1936.
On March 27, 2013, President Barack Obama appointed Julia Pierson to be the twenty-third Director of the Secret Service. She became the first female director of the agency. On October 1, 2014, the Secret Service leadership changed to Director Joseph Clancy, a retired agent who formerly led the Presidential Protective Division. On March 4, 2017, Director Joseph Clancy retired, leaving the position vacant until a replacement was nominated by President Donald Trump. Meanwhile, William J. Callahan served as Acting Director of the United States Secret Service from March 4, 2017 to April 25, 2017. Randolph D. Alles, former acting deputy commissioner of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection, was appointed director by President of the United States, Donald Trump.
List of Chiefs and DirectorsEdit
|No.||Name||Took office||Left office||Time in office||President appointed by|
|1||William P. Wood|
|July 5, 1865||1869||3–4 years||Andrew Johnson|
|2||Hiram C. Whitley|
|1869||1874||4–5 years||Ulysses S. Grant|
|1874||1876||1–2 years||Ulysses S. Grant|
|1876||1888||11–12 years||Rutherford B. Hayes|
|5||John S. Bell|
|1888||1890||1–2 years||Grover Cleveland|
|6||Andrew L. Drummond|
|1891||1894||2–3 years||Benjamin Harrison|
|7||William P. Hazen|
|1894||1898||3–4 years||Grover Cleveland|
|1898||1911||12–13 years||William McKinley|
|9||William J. Flynn|
|1912||1917||4–5 years||William Howard Taft|
|10||William H. Moran|
|1917||1936||18–19 years||Woodrow Wilson|
|11||Frank J. Wilson|
|1937||1946||8–9 years||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|12||James J. Maloney|
|1946||1948||1–2 years||Harry Truman|
|13||U. E. Baughman|
|November 29, 1948||August 31, 1961||12 years||Harry Truman|
|14||James Joseph Rowley|
|September 1, 1961||October 1973||12 years||John F. Kennedy|
|15||H. Stuart Knight|
|1973||11 May 1981||7–8 years||Richard Nixon|
|16||John R. Simpson|
|1981||1992||10–11 years||Ronald Reagan|
|1992||1993||0–1 years||George H. W. Bush|
|18||Eljay B. Bowron||1993||1997||3–4 years||Bill Clinton|
|19||Lewis C. Merletti|
(born c. 1939)
|June 6, 1997||March 3, 1999||1 year||Bill Clinton|
|20||Brian L. Stafford|
(born c. 1959)
|March 4, 1999||January 24, 2003||3 years||Bill Clinton|
|21||W. Ralph Basham|
|January 27, 2003||May 30, 2006||3 years||George W. Bush|
|22||Mark J. Sullivan|
|May 31, 2006||March 27, 2013||6 years||George W. Bush|
|March 27, 2013||October 1, 2014||1 year||Barack Obama|
|October 1, 2014||March 4, 2017||2 years||Barack Obama|
|–||William J. Callahan|
|March 4, 2017||April 25, 2017||52 days||Donald Trump|
|April 25, 2017||May 1, 2019||2 years, 6 days||Donald Trump|
|26||James M. Murray|
|May 1, 2019||Incumbent||0 year||Donald Trump|
- "Records of the U.S. Secret Service (USSS)". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- Resse, Shawn (April 16, 2012). "The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- "United States Secret Service: Investigative Mission". United States Secret Service. Archived from the original on April 11, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- "United States Secret Service: Employment Opportunities - Uniformed Officer". United States Secret Service. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- "Secret Service veteran first woman to lead it". The Boston Globe. March 27, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- On March 1, 2003, the Secret Service was transferred from United States Department of the Treasury to the United States Department of Homeland Security, pursuant to the Homeland Security Act of 2002.
- "A Brief History Of: The Secret Service". TIME. November 20, 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- "The U.S. Secret Service in History". National Archives and Records Administration. 1998. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- "Secret Service History". United States Service. Archived from the original on February 19, 2010. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- "President Obama Announces A Key Administration Post". The White House. March 26, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- "Obama to name Julia Pierson as new Secret Service director". Washington Post. March 26, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- US Secret Service (February 14, 2017). "Retirement of Director Joseph P. Clancy" (PDF). US Secret Service. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
- "Randolph D. Alles appointed 25th Director of the United States Secret Service" (PDF) (Press release). April 25, 2017. Retrieved April 25, 2017.