Davaka was a kingdom of ancient India, located in current central region of Assam state.[1] The references to it comes from the 4th century Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta, where it is mentioned as one of five frontier kingdoms of the Gupta Empire; the Shung-Shu History of the Liu Song dynasty, where the kingdom is named Kapili (now the name of a river); the Gachtal stone pillar inscription written in Kamrupi language.[2][3] N K Bhattasali has identified it with Dabaka in modern Nagaon district, with the kingdom associated with the Kopili-Kolong river valley.[4][5]

Davaka Kingdom

??–6th century CE
Historical eraClassical Period
• Established
• Disestablished
6th century CE
Today part of India



In 4th-century Davaka was mentioned as frontier kingdom with Kamarupa in the Samudragupta's Prayaga stone inscription. Historians like Kanak Lal Barua (1933) claim Davaka was absorbed by 6th or 7th century by western kingdom of Kamarupa,[6] though later historians like B N Puri (1968) and P C Choudhury (1959) claim that it was absorbed much earlier in the first half of the 5th century during the reign of Kalyana Varman (422-446).[7][8][9]

Its capital was located near Kapili river. In the year 428 A.D, an embassy was sent to China by Davaka king, whose name according to Chinese sources is Yuegnai or Yu Chai.[10]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Suresh Kant Sharma, Usha Sharma (2005), Discovery of North-East India: Geography, History, Culture, ..., Davaka (Nowgong) and Kamarupa as separate and submissive friendly kingdoms
  2. ^ Indian History Congress (2002), Proceedings - Indian History Congress - Volume 62, p. 136 identified with the Davaka region of Nagaon district of Assam, the location of which, can be confirmed by the Gachtal stone pillar inscription.6 The Allahabad stone pillar inscription of Samudragupta mentions Davaka along with Samatata
  3. ^ Māmaṇi Raẏachama Goswāmī (1996), Rāmāyaṇa from Gangā to Brahmaputra, p.98 The Gachtal pillar inscription composed in old Assamese script and language, rather Kamrupi dialect, referring to the yavana invasion from Bengal
  4. ^ (Mookerji 1973, p. 24)
  5. ^ (Dutta 208:53)
  6. ^ Kanak Lal Barua (1933), Early history of Kāmarupa], Page 47 "in the sixth or the seventh century this kingdom of Davaka was absorbed by Kamarupa."
  7. ^ "As regards the eastern limits of the kingdom, Davaka was absorbed within Kamarupa under Kalyanavarman and the outlying regions were brought under subjugation by Mahendravarman." (Choudhury 1959, p. 47)
  8. ^ "It is presumed that (Kalyana Varman) conquered Davaka, incorporating it within the kingdom of Kamarupa" (Puri 1968, p. 11)
  9. ^ In the middle of the 6th century A.D. the Davaka kingdom had been annexed into the kingdom of Kamarupa and probably it was turned into a visaya (district) under the administration of Kamarupa making Davaka its headquarters
  10. ^ Indian History Congress (2002), Proceedings - Indian History Congress - Volume 62, p.138 Davaka region into the Kamarupa kingdom. Besides these, the Chinese source clearly mentioned that the mission was sent by a king called Yueh-ai of the Kapili state whose capital city lies close to the Heng-ho or Ka- pi-li-ho river.


  • Choudhury, P. C. (1959). The History of Civilization of the People of Assam to the Twelfth Century AD. Department of History and Antiquarian Studies, Gauhati, Assam.
  • Dutta, Anima (2008). Political geography of Pragjyotisa Kamarupa (Ph.D.). Gauhati University.
  • Puri, Brij Nath (1968). Studies in Early History and Administration in Assam. Gauhati University.
  • Mookerji, Radhakumud (1973). The Gupta Empire. Motilal Banarasidass.
  • Sharma, M M (1990), "Language and Literature", in Barpujari, H K, The Comprehensive History of Assam, I, Guwahati: Publication Board, Assam, pp. 263–264