Key events in the Ordovician
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Key events of the Ordovician Period.
ICS-approved stages.

Axis scale: millions of years ago.[2]

The Darriwilian is the upper stage of the Middle Ordovician. It is preceded by the Dapingian and succeeded by the Upper Ordovician Sandbian stage. The lower boundary of the Darriwilian is defined as the first appearance of the graptolite species Undulograptus austrodentatus around 467.3 million years ago. It lasted for about 8.9 million years until the beginning of the Sandbian around 458.4 million years ago.[3]

Contents

NamingEdit

The name Darriwilian is derived from Darriwil, a parish in County of Grant, Victoria (Australia). The name was proposed in 1899 by Thomas Sergeant Hall.[4]

GSSPEdit

 
 
Huangnitang Section
Map of China showing the GSSP location.

The GSSP of the Darriwilian is the Huangnitang Section (28°51′14″N 118°29′23″E / 28.8539°N 118.4897°E / 28.8539; 118.4897) near the village Huangnitang, 3.5 km southwest of Changshan County Town (Zhejiang, China). It is an outcrop of the Ningkuo Formation, consisting of mainly black shale. The lower boundary of the Darriwilian is defined as the first appearance datum of the graptolite species Undulograptus austrodentatus in that section.[5]

A Secondary fossil marker is the graptolite Arienigraptus zhejiangensis.[5]

BiostratigraphyEdit

The base of the Darriwilian is also the base of the Undulograptus austrodentatus graptolite zone. This zone lies just above the North Atlantic Microzarkodina parva conodont zone. The base also lies in the upper part of the North American Histiodella altifrons conodont zone.[5]

The Undulograptus austrodentatus graptolite zone is known from outcrops around the world, making the base of the Darriwilian easily correlatable.[6]

Regional stagesEdit

The Darriwilian overlaps with the upper Arenig and the Llanvirn.[7] The base of the Darriwilian can be correlated with a level in the Fennian stage of the Arenig.[5]

PalaeontologyEdit

AgnathansEdit

Agnathans of the Darriwilian
Taxa Presence Location Description Images
Dapingian-Sandbian Sacabamba, Cochabamba Department, Bolivia; Horn Creek Siltstone, Australia; Argentina; Oman

MolluscsEdit

CephalopodsEdit

EndoceridsEdit

Endocerids of the Darriwilian
Taxa Presence Location Description Images
Dapingian-Homerian
Dapingian-Hirnantian
Dapingian-Darriwilian Chazy Reef Formation, New York, USA
Dapingian-Darriwilian West Spring Creek, Oil Creek Limestone, Oklahoma
Dapingian-Darriwilian
Tremadocian-Darriwilian

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wellman, C.H.; Gray, J. (2000). "The microfossil record of early land plants". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 355 (1398): 717–732. doi:10.1098/rstb.2000.0612. PMC 1692785. PMID 10905606.
  2. ^ Gradstein, F. M., ed. (2012). The Geologic Time Scale 2012. Elsevier Science Ltd. p. 504. ISBN 978-0444594259.
  3. ^ "GSSP Table - Paleozoic Era". Geologic Timescale Foundation. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  4. ^ Mindat.org
  5. ^ a b c d "GSSP for Darriwilian Stage". Geologic Timescale Foundation. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  6. ^ Mitchell, C. E.; Chen Xu; S. M. Bergström; Zhang Yuan-dong; Wang Zhi-hao; B. D. Webby; S. C. Finney (1997). "Definition of a global boundary stratotype for the Darriwilian Stage of the Ordovician System" (PDF). Episodes. 20 (3): 158–166. Retrieved 20 September 2012.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Gradstein, F. M., ed. (2012). The Geologic Time Scale 2012. Elsevier Science Ltd. p. 1176. ISBN 978-0444594259. Retrieved 30 November 2012.