Darbhanga

Darbhanga is a Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the headquarters of Darbhanga district and Darbhanga division and was the seat of the Raj Darbhanga and capital of the Mithila region.

Darbhanga
Municipal Corporation
Lalit Narayan Mithila University at Darbhanga
Darbhanga is located in Bihar
Darbhanga
Darbhanga
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°10′N 85°54′E / 26.17°N 85.9°E / 26.17; 85.9Coordinates: 26°10′N 85°54′E / 26.17°N 85.9°E / 26.17; 85.9
CountryIndia
StateBihar
RegionMithila
DistrictDarbhanga
Elevation
52 m (171 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total267,348
Languages
 • OfficialMaithili, Hindi,Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
8460xx
Telephone code06272
ISO 3166 codeIN-BR
Vehicle registrationBR-07
Sex ratio910:1000 /
Lok Sabha constituencyDarbhanga
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDarbhanga, Darbhanga Rural Bahadurpur
Websitedarbhanga.bih.nic.in

Contents

HistoryEdit

DemographicsEdit

The 2011 Census of India recorded Darbhanga as a municipal corporation with its population of 267,348 comprising 142,377 males and 124,971 females.[1]

ClimateEdit

Darbhanga has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa).

Climate data for Darbhanga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
33.9
(93)
39.9
(103.8)
42.0
(107.6)
41.9
(107.4)
43.4
(110.1)
39.1
(102.4)
38.4
(101.1)
39.6
(103.3)
39.2
(102.6)
33.9
(93)
29.9
(85.8)
43.4
(110.1)
Average high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
25.8
(78.4)
31.0
(87.8)
34.1
(93.4)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.8
(91)
32.5
(90.5)
31.6
(88.9)
28.0
(82.4)
24.8
(76.6)
30.68
(87.22)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
21.2
(70.2)
15.8
(60.4)
10.6
(51.1)
18.18
(64.72)
Record low °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.9
(39)
9.2
(48.6)
10.4
(50.7)
15.9
(60.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66)
12.7
(54.9)
7.2
(45)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.512)
14.0
(0.551)
9.0
(0.354)
29.0
(1.142)
76.0
(2.992)
139.0
(5.472)
353.0
(13.898)
254.0
(10)
193.0
(7.598)
73.0
(2.874)
6.0
(0.236)
7.0
(0.276)
1,166
(45.905)
Average rainy days 1.6 1.7 1.6 2.6 4.6 7.6 16.4 12.2 10.5 3.4 0.5 1.0 63.7
Average relative humidity (%) 68 63 49 56 60 70 78 79 79 73 66 67 67
Source: NOAA (1971–1990)[2]

GeographyEdit

Darbhanga is located in the northern part of Bihar.

TransportEdit

RailwaysEdit

 
Exterior of Darbhanga Junction

Darbhanga Junction lies on the East Central Railway. It is connected directly to all the major cities of India.[citation needed]

Of the beginning of railway in Darbhanga and its neighbouring areas, The Imperial Gazetteer of India noted:

The famine of 1874 gave a great impetus to the construction of railways, and the District is on the whole well off in the matter of communications. Its south-west corner is traversed for 29 miles by the main line of the Bengal and North-Western Railway, and also by 25 miles of the new chord-line from Hajipur to Bachwara, which runs parallel to the Ganges embankment from east to west. From Samastipur a line runs to Darbhanga town and there branches off in two directions, the first north-west to Sitamarhi through Kamtaul and Jogiara, and the other due east to Khanwa Ghat on the Kosi (Old streem) near Pratapganj. The total length of the line within the District is 146 miles. Most of the earthwork for a line from Sakri to Jaynagar on the Nepal frontier was completed as a relief work during the famine of 1897 ; and the line, which has now been opened, should tap a large grain supply from Nepal.[3]

Darbhanga Junction connects a large part of North Bihar and the Terai of Nepal with the rest of India as it serves as a major railhead. It is the main station of Darbhanga and the district of Madhubani.[citation needed]

RoadwaysEdit

 
NH 57 which is part of India's East-West highway corridor passes through Darbhanga

Darbhanga is connected to other parts of India by National Highway 27, National Highway 527B and Bihar State highways 50, 56, 88 and 75. Darbhanga is also connected to Madhubani and Sitamarhi.

The East-West Corridor expressway, which connects Porbandar in Gujarat to Silchar in Assam, passes through Darbhanga.

Public transportEdit

For local transport, the commuters have the options of buses operated by BSRTC and auto-rickshaw.[citation needed] There is a bus stand and a new interstate bus stand is under construction. Bus services are available from Darbhanga to all the nearby major cities viz. Patna, Gaya, Kolkata, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Ranchi, Jamshedpur.[citation needed]

Darbhanga AirportEdit

Darbhanga Airport is a military air force base. The runway length is 9,000 feet."Darbhanga Airport". It is now upgraded for civil aviation and scheduled flights to Mumbai, Bengaluru and New Delhi will be started by SpiceJet."SpiceJet to operate flights from Darbhanga".

Media and communicationsEdit

 
Exterior of Shyama Mall

All India Radio has a 20 kW medium-wave radio station in Darbhanga which transmits various programmes of mass interest and covers a part of North Bihar as well as the Terai of Nepal.[citation needed]

Doordarshan has one DD National and one DD News LPT relay transmitters.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

Among the educational institutions are:

Medical collegesEdit

 
Platinum Jubilee gate of Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital

UniversityEdit

Engineering and technology collegesEdit

CollegesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census of India: View Population Details". www.censusindia.gov.in. Government of India. 2001. Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Zahedan Climate Normals 1971–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.

External linksEdit