Dalby, Queensland

Dalby /ˈdɒlbi/[2] is a town and locality in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia.[3][4] Dalby is within and is the administrative centre of the Western Downs Region. At the 2016 census, Dalby had a population of 12,719.[1]

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Dalby
Queensland
DalbyMainStreet.JPG
Main street of Dalby
Dalby is located in Queensland
Dalby
Dalby
Coordinates27°11′S 151°16′E / 27.183°S 151.267°E / -27.183; 151.267Coordinates: 27°11′S 151°16′E / 27.183°S 151.267°E / -27.183; 151.267
Population12,719 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)4405
Elevation343.8 m (1,128 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Western Downs Region
State electorate(s)Warrego
Federal Division(s)Maranoa
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.3 °C
79 °F
11.9 °C
53 °F
682.5 mm
26.9 in
Localities around Dalby:
Macalister Pirrinuan Kaimkillenbun
Ranges Bridge Dalby Irvingdale
Blaxland
Nandi St Ruth Bowenville

GeographyEdit

Dalby is approximately 208 kilometres (129 mi) west northwest of the state capital, Brisbane, at the junction of the Warrego, Moonie and Bunya Highways.[5] and the centre of Australia's richest grain and cotton growing area.[5]

HistoryEdit

 
Children marching in the main street, ca. 1915

Baranggum (also known as Barrunggam, Barunggam Parrungoom, Murrumgama) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken by the Baranggum people. The Baranggum language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Western Downs Regional Council, particularly Dalby, Tara, Jandowae and west towards Chinchilla.[6]

Dalby was founded in the early 1840s at a place known locally as "The Crossing" on Myall Creek, a tributary of the Condamine River. The first settler was Henry Dennis, who explored the region and chose land for himself and others in the locality.[7] Today an obelisk in Edward Street denotes the location where Dennis camped.[5] A small settlement was founded to assist travellers heading north to nearby Jimbour Station. The explorer Ludwig Leichhardt visited the area in 1844, on his way to Port Essington.[8]

In February 1853, the New South Wales government sent the Deputy Surveyor General Captain Samuel Perry to the area to survey a township. In August of the following year, Mr Charles Douglas Eastaughffe arrived with a document under the Seal of the NSW Government officially proclaiming 'Dalby' a township. Mr Eastaughffe was later appointed Chief Constable and remained in Dalby until his retirement.[9]

The name of the town is believed to come from the village of Dalby on the Isle of Man and reflects immigration from the Isle of Man in the mid-19th century.[7] The name was apparently chosen by Captain Samuel Perry when he surveyed the settlement in 1853.

Myall Creek Post Office also opened in 1854 in Roche's store, with Mr Simpson as the first postmaster. It was renamed Dalby in 1855.[8][10]

In 1859, Dalby became part of the new Colony of Queensland.

Dalby State School opened on 1 June 1861. In 1869 the school split into Dalby Boys State School Dalby Girls State School. In 1885 the girls' school became Dalby Girls & Infants State School. In 1893 the two schools were combined as Dalby State School. In 1914 the school expanded to include a secondary school, which closed in 1954, due to the establishment of a separate secondary school, Dalby State High School.[11]

In August 1863 Dalby was officially proclaimed a municipality, the Borough of Dalby, in the Queensland Government Gazette.

Dalby Non-Vested School opened as a Roman Catholic girls school in 1864 and in 1866 became a non-vested school (the teachers' salaries were paid by the Queensland Government but the government did not operate the school). Circa 1880, the school either closed or continued without government funding.[11]

On Sunday 5 August 1866 Bishop James Quinn dedicated St Joseph's Catholic Church.[12]

Dalby was linked by the Western railway line to Ipswich on 16 April 1868.[13]

On Sunday 20 June 1869 the first Presbyterian church was opened in Dalby.[14] Reverend George Grimm had conducting regular services since 1865.[15]

St Columba's School was a Catholic primary school which was opened in 1877 by the Sisters of Mercy. In 2008, it merged with St Mary's College to create Our Lady of the Southern Cross College.[11]

From 1873 to 1949 the electoral district of Dalby was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland.

Dalby was believed to have a healthy climate and in 1900 the Queensland Government built the Jubilee Sanitorium for consumptive patients. In 1904 the Dalby Town Council erected therapeutic thermal baths using artesian water from a local bore for those wishing to improve their health by "taking the waters".[16] In 1938, the council closed the artesian baths as interest in "taking the waters" was declining. Medical opinion became increasingly doubtful of the benefits of bathing in mineral waters, favouring drugs and physiotherapy as better treatments.[17]

The Dalby War Memorial was unveiled by the Queensland Governor, Matthew Nathan, on 26 July 1922.[18]

 
Inside the Paragon Cafe at Dalby, Queensland, ca. 1936

The Paragon Cafe was purchased in 1935 by Milton (Miltiadis) Dimitrios Samios part of the cultural phenomenon of Greek cafes in Queensland. Paragon Cafe employed three men and six women with taking increasing from 90 pounds to 200 pounds within the first year of trading.[19]

Dalby State High School opened on 2 February 1954.[11][20] Bunya Campus was acquired by Dalby State High School at the start of 2011 and has since provided students who live out of the catchment area the opportunity to attend Dalby State High School and participate in all it has to offer as a boarding student.[21]

St Mary's College was a Catholic secondary school opened on 21 January 1963 by the Christian Brothers. In 2008, it merged with St Columba's School to create Our Lady of the Southern Cross College.[11]

Dalby South State School opened on 29 March 1965.[11]

Dalby Christian School was opened on 1 February 1981 by the Dalby Gospel Chapel.[11][22]

The Christian Outreach College opened on 28 January 1984. It closed on 18 September 1991.[11]

Dalby Library opened in 2014.[23]

Heritage listingsEdit

 
Dalby War Memorial, 2008

Dalby has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

ClimateEdit

Dalby has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Köppen climate classification) and being located just to the west of the Great Dividing Range it is hotter and less humid in summer and colder and drier in winter than nearby locations on the other side of the range. Dalby has had a recording weather station since 1893, but that was replaced in 1992 by another station at the Dalby Airport. The town's highest recorded temperature was 45.6 °C (114.1 °F) on 4 December 1913, while the coldest was −7.2 °C (19.0 °F) on 5 July 1895.[31] The annual rainfall is 681.2 mm (26.8 in), the majority of which falls as thunderstorms in the summer months.

Dalby experienced its worst floods since 1981 in late December 2010.[32] The town's water purification system was flooded, resulting in water restrictions that have hampered clean-up efforts. 112,500 litres (24,700 imp gal; 29,700 US gal) of water were transported to the town of 14,000 residents.[33] In early March 2013, Dalby received another severe flood, cutting the town in two after 122 mm (4.8 in) of rain was recorded over a few days. Flood waters peaked at 3.21 meters and a number of homes received water damage.[34]


Climate data for Dalby (Dalby Post Office, 1893–1992)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.9
(112.8)
41.1
(106.0)
41.6
(106.9)
36.1
(97.0)
32.1
(89.8)
30.6
(87.1)
27.9
(82.2)
32.2
(90.0)
35.8
(96.4)
39.4
(102.9)
41.1
(106.0)
45.6
(114.1)
45.6
(114.1)
Average high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
31.2
(88.2)
29.7
(85.5)
26.6
(79.9)
22.6
(72.7)
19.4
(66.9)
18.7
(65.7)
20.8
(69.4)
24.2
(75.6)
27.6
(81.7)
30.4
(86.7)
31.8
(89.2)
26.3
(79.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
18.2
(64.8)
16.4
(61.5)
12.4
(54.3)
8.2
(46.8)
5.4
(41.7)
4.1
(39.4)
5.2
(41.4)
8.4
(47.1)
12.6
(54.7)
15.6
(60.1)
17.6
(63.7)
11.9
(53.4)
Record low °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
8.9
(48.0)
3.9
(39.0)
0.6
(33.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
−7.2
(19.0)
−5.4
(22.3)
−3.9
(25.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
4.4
(39.9)
5.0
(41.0)
−7.2
(19.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 88.0
(3.46)
76.6
(3.02)
68.4
(2.69)
40.9
(1.61)
35.2
(1.39)
39.3
(1.55)
40.1
(1.58)
28.7
(1.13)
36.8
(1.45)
58.5
(2.30)
74.5
(2.93)
95.5
(3.76)
682.5
(26.87)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 8.0 6.7 6.3 4.4 4.5 5.1 5.0 4.3 4.8 6.5 6.9 8.2 70.7
Average relative humidity (%) 43 45 45 43 46 49 46 41 38 39 38 40 43
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[31]

IndustryEdit

Industry in Dalby includes large-scale engineering, coal mining, and fuels (ethanol). Dalby is the centre of a diverse and productive agricultural area with rich black soil allowing the production of crops such as wheat, cotton and sorghum. Livestock raising including pigs, cattle and sheep is also popular. Two cotton gins are situated within 10 kilometres (6 mi) of the town.

Dalby is to be the site of the first dry mill grain-to-ethanol plant constructed in Australia (the first plant built specifically for the production of ethanol for fuel since the Second World War).[35]

PowerEdit

The local area is developing an energy-based economy with a large coal-fired power station and a number of coal mines and natural gas bores being established to the west of Dalby. A local company has been awarded a contract to establish wind turbines on adjacent farm land.

Approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Dalby is the Kogan Creek Power Station. This A$1.2 billion project is a 750-megawatt coal-fired power station, with adjacent coal mine being developed at the small town of Kogan, which is roughly equidistant between Dalby, Chinchilla, and Tara.

DevelopmentEdit

 
Aerial view of the town taken in 2008.

The opening of a shopping centre at the northern end of Cunningham Street has brought new life to the Dalby CBD. Dalby Shoppingworld includes Woolworths, Big W, Amcal and other specialty shops.[36]

Dalby's Water Treatment Plant uses a state-of-the-art reverse osmosis process provided by two plants. The first Reverse Osmosis plant, which opened in 2004, was the first in Queensland.[37] The second and larger plant opened in 2011.[38] Water and sewerage treatment services are provided by Western Downs Regional Council. The town has made a ground-breaking deal with nearby gas companies by taking water from gas fields. It has been noted that the town will have a definite water supply for at least another 30 years, taking into account demographic trends.

Dalby's population has been increasing rapidly recently with many new estates created and subdivisions made.[39] Some notable new estates include Sunnyside Estate, Heritage Gardens, Callistemon Park and a new estate on the Warrego Highway side of Sandalwood Avenue.

PopulationEdit

At the 2016 Census, Dalby had a population of 12,719.

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 7.0% of the population.
  • 84.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were Philippines 1.9%, New Zealand 1.3%, England 1.1% and South Africa 0.8%.
  • 88.7% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Tagalog at 1.0%.
  • The most common responses for religion were Catholic 26.3%, Anglican 19.6% and No Religion 16.9%.[1]

EducationEdit

Dalby State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 155 Cunningham Street (27°11′05″S 151°15′44″E / 27.1846°S 151.2623°E / -27.1846; 151.2623 (Dalby State School)).[40][41] In 2017, the school had an enrollment of 579 students with 43 teachers (39 full-time equivalent) and 35 non-teaching staff (23 full-time equivalent).[42] It is one of the oldest state primary schools in Queensland.[43]

Our Lady of the Southern Cross College is a Catholic primary and secondary (Prep-12) school for boys and girls at 2 Nicholson Street (27°10′18″S 151°16′03″E / 27.1718°S 151.2676°E / -27.1718; 151.2676 (Our Lady of the Southern Cross College)).[40][44] In 2017, the school had an enrollment of 594 students with 48 teachers (44 full-time equivalent) and 31 non-teaching staff (20 full-time equivalent).[42]

Dalby State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at 26 Nicholson Street (27°10′41″S 151°15′34″E / 27.1781°S 151.2595°E / -27.1781; 151.2595 (Dalby State High School)).[40][45] In 2017, the school had an enrollment of 1040 students with 94 teachers (89 full-time equivalent) and 71 non-teaching staff (54 full-time equivalent).[42] It includes a special education program.[40][46] The school has a boarding facility for boys and girls at 463 Bunya highway (27°09′08″S 151°17′42″E / 27.1523°S 151.2949°E / -27.1523; 151.2949 (Dalby State High School - Bunya Campus)).[21][40][47] Many students from small towns surrounding Dalby (such as Jandowae and Warra) attend Dalby State High School, as these communities do not have schools which provide senior level education. The school also performs an annual musical, usually in late May, with performances running for a full week. It is produced and directed by teachers at the school and stars students from all year levels.

Dalby South State School is a government primary (Early Childhood-6) school for boys and girls at the corner of Owen & Bunya Streets (27°11′41″S 151°16′12″E / 27.1948°S 151.2701°E / -27.1948; 151.2701 (Dalby South State School)).[40][48] In 2017, the school had an enrollment of 653 students with 46 teachers (43 full-time equivalent) and 32 non-teaching staff (21 full-time equivalent).[42] It includes a special education program (Prep-10).[49]

Dalby Christian College is a private primary and secondary (Prep-12) school for boys and girls at 2A Mary Street (27°10′20″S 151°16′41″E / 27.1722°S 151.2780°E / -27.1722; 151.2780 (Dalby Christian College)).[40][50] It is operated by the Christian Community Ministries. In 2017, the school had an enrollment of 328 students with 25 teachers (24 full-time equivalent) and 17 non-teaching staff (13 full-time equivalent).[42] It has an early learning centre and boarding for secondary students.[22][51]

Local mediaEdit

There are two locally published newspapers including the Dalby Herald and Northern Downs News, as well as the Dalby Magazine. Dalby also has its own community radio station, 88.9 4DDD which was founded on 26 January 1992.

Dalby receives most commercial and ABC radio and television services from Toowoomba, the nearest regional city. Local news stories from Dalby and other Western Downs communities is often featured on WIN News, a regional television news bulletin compiled in Toowoomba.

SportEdit

Condamine has a rugby union team which compete in the Darling Downs Rugby Union competition, against such teams as the University of Southern Queensland Rugby Union Club, Toowoomba Rangers Rugby Union Club, Toowoomba City Rugby Club, Roma Echidnas, the Condamine Cods, the Dalby Wheatmen, the Goondiwindi Emus, the Warwick Water Rats and the University of Queensland Rugby Union Club (Gatton Campus).

AmenitiesEdit

Western Downs Regional Council operates a public library at 107 Drayton Street.[52] It is open 10am to 5.30pm Monday to Friday and 10am to 12.30pm Saturday.[53]

Dalby Library has 2 Creative Studios which have the latest in content creation tools, professional equipment and software, music production and recording, and digital production and editing to help create and share projects.[54]

The Springvale Kupunn branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 52 Cunningham Street.[55]

Visitor attractionsEdit

Dalby has a monument to the Cactoblastis cactorum in a park by the Myall Creek which runs through the town. The Argentinian caterpillar successfully eradicated the prickly pear in the 1920s.[5]

There is also the Dalby Cemetery, a monumental cemetery.

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics, archived from the original on 26 August 2017, retrieved 11 December 2017
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "Dalby - town (entry 9213)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Dalby - locality (entry 49866)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d Penguin Books Australia (2002). Explore Queensland. Camberwell, Victoria: Penguin Books Australia. p. 40. ISBN 0-14-300015-2.
  6. ^ "Baranggum". State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  7. ^ a b Dalby Town Council:Birth and beginnings Archived 16 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine Official website. Retrieved 27 October 2006.
  8. ^ a b John and Anne Healy of Dalby, Family Record and Story (Feb 2005)
  9. ^ "CDE". Archived from the original on 6 April 2004. Retrieved 27 April 2008.
  10. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  12. ^ "NOTES AND NEWS". Dalby Herald And Western Queensland Advertiser. I (47). Queensland, Australia. 9 August 1866. p. 2. Retrieved 11 August 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "OPENING OF THE RAILWAY TO DALBY". Dalby Herald And Western Queensland Advertiser. III (135). Queensland, Australia. 18 April 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 10 May 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^ "DALBY". The Darling Downs Gazette And General Advertiser. Queensland, Australia. 23 June 1869. p. 3. Retrieved 24 May 2020 – via Trove.
  15. ^ "Presbyterian Churches on the Downs - Downs Folk". Downs Folk. Archived from the original on 24 May 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  16. ^ Griggs, Peter (2013), 'Taking the waters': mineral springs, artesian bores and health tourism in Queensland, 1870–1950, Cambridge University Press, p. 164
  17. ^ Griggs, Peter (2013), 'Taking the waters': mineral springs, artesian bores and health tourism in Queensland, 1870–1950, Cambridge University Press, pp. 168–169
  18. ^ "Dalby War Memorial". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  19. ^ "PARAGON CAFÉ, DALBY". State Library of Queensland. 20 September 2019. Archived from the original on 7 November 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  21. ^ a b "Dalby State High School Bunya campus". Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  22. ^ a b "History". Dalby Christian College. Archived from the original on 10 August 2019. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  23. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  24. ^ "Dalby Town Council Chambers and Offices (former) (entry 601018)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  25. ^ "St John's Anglican Church (entry 602399)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  26. ^ "St Columba's Convent (former) (entry 602761)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  27. ^ "Dalby Fire Station (entry 602754)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  28. ^ "Dalby State High School (entry 650036)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  29. ^ "Dalby War Memorial and Gates (entry 600441)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  30. ^ "Dalby Swimming Pool Complex (entry 602564)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  31. ^ a b "Dalby Post Office". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. February 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  32. ^ Trenwith, Courtney (30 December 2010). "Heartbreak beneath the flood slick". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 4 February 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  33. ^ "Drinking water trucked into flood-ravaged Dalby". Australian Associated Press. Herald Sun. 30 December 2010. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  34. ^ "Dalby Braces for Flooding". APN. Sunshine Coast Daily. 2 March 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  35. ^ Hartland, Susan "$54 million ethanol plant for Dalby" Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine Toowoomba Chronicle 9 November 2006 Retrieved 27 October 2006
  36. ^ "Dalby Shoppingworld". Archived from the original on 10 July 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  37. ^ "Queensland's First Municipal Desalination Plant".
  38. ^ "Second reverse osmosis plant opens at Dalby". Archived from the original on 13 April 2019.
  39. ^ "Indicators of change in Dalby and district community" (PDF). SMI CRSM Centre of Social Responsibility in Mining. May 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  40. ^ a b c d e f g "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  41. ^ "Dalby State School". Archived from the original on 19 January 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  42. ^ a b c d e "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  43. ^ "The oldest state primary schools in Queensland". education.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  44. ^ "Our Lady of the Southern Cross College". Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  45. ^ "Dalby State High School". Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  46. ^ "Dalby SHS - Special Education Program". Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  47. ^ "Dalby State High School - Bunya Campus". Retrieved 21 November 2018.[permanent dead link]
  48. ^ "Dalby South State School". Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  49. ^ "Dalby SS - Special Education Program". Archived from the original on 19 January 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  50. ^ "Dalby Christian College". Archived from the original on 21 October 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  51. ^ "Dalby Christian College". Archived from the original on 12 February 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  52. ^ ""Bundaberg Library (Public Libraries Connect)"". State Library of Queensland. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  53. ^ "Dalby Library". Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  54. ^ "Dalby Library Creative Studios". Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  55. ^ "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.

AttributionEdit

  This Wikipedia article incorporates text from PARAGON CAFÉ, DALBY (20 September 2019) published by the State Library of Queensland under CC-BY licence, accessed on 15 January 2020.

External linksEdit